From convergent plate margin to arc-continent collision : formation of the Kenting Mélange, southern Taiwan
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The Kenting Mélange on the Hengchun Peninsula, Taiwan, formed through tectonic shearing of subduction complex lithologies, probably within the plate boundary subduction channel between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates, with further deformation and exhumation in the Pliocene-Pleistocene during arc-continent collision. Field relations reveal a structural gradation from normal stratified turbidite sequence (Mutan Formation) through broken formation to highly sheared Kenting Mélange containing allochthonous polygenic blocks. This gradation is consistent with an increase of average vitrinite reflection values from ~ 0.72% in the Mutan Formation through ~ 0.93% in the broken formation to ~ 0.99% in the mélange, suggesting temperatures of at least 140 °C during formation of the Kenting Mélange. Zircons from gabbro in the Kenting Mélange are dated as 25.46 ± 0.18 Ma, which together with geochemical data constrains the source to South China Sea oceanic lithosphere. In combination with the field relationships, vitrinite reflectance values, microfossil stratigraphy and offshore geophysical data from S and SE Taiwan, we propose that the Kenting Mélange initially formed at the subduction plate boundary from offscraped trench deposits. Minor Plio-Pleistocene microfossils (< 5%) occur within the mélange in proximity to slope basin of equivalent age and were likely sheared into the mélange during out-of-sequence thrusting associated with active arc-continent collision, which in the Hengchun Peninsula commenced after 6.5 Ma.
Zhang , X , Cawood , P A , Huang , C-Y , Wang , Y , Yan , Y , Santosh , M , Chen , W & Yu , M 2016 , ' From convergent plate margin to arc-continent collision : formation of the Kenting Mélange, southern Taiwan ' Gondwana Research , vol 38 , pp. 171-182 . DOI: 10.1016/j.gr.2015.11.010
Copyright © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2015.11.010
Descriptionhis work was financially co-supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grants 41190073, 41176041, 91128211), the National Basic Research Program of China (grant 42014CB440901), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities to SYSU and the GIGCAS 135 Project (grant Y234031001).
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