Comparison of aerial survey methods for estimating abundance of common scoters
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During the month of March, four survey methods were applied to the SPA at Camarthen Bay. WWT staff carried out visual aerial surveys using distance sampling methodology (Camphuysen et al. 2004). Visual shore-based counts were also conducted. Distance measures were not consistently taken by these observers, nor was survey effort equal among the four surveys. Because they are intended to be complete counts without replication within a day, it is not possible to estimate precision of these counts, or assess bias, making comparison with other survey results difficult. Digital still data were collected and processed by APEM Ltd. Digital video imagery were captured and processed by HiDef. This report revision includes 29 March survey data from HiDef not available at the time of the release of our 17 July report.
CREEM technical report ; 2009-01
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