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Garry William Angus PhD thesis.pdf2.81 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Modified Newtonian dynamics at all astrophysical scales
Authors: Angus, Garry W.
Supervisors: Zhao, HongSheng
Keywords: Galaxy dynamics
Alternative gravity
Dwarf galaxies
Cosmic microwave background
Sterile neutrinos
Clusters of galaxies
Modified dynamics
Dark matter
Issue Date: 27-Nov-2008
Abstract: In this thesis I test the modified Newtonian dynamics as an alternative to the cold dark matter hypothesis. In the Milky Way, I show that the dynamics of the dwarf galaxies are well described by the paradigm and I confirm its distant low surface brightness globular clusters provide a strong test, for which I make predictions. Through analysis of a sample of 26 X-ray bright galaxy groups and clusters I demonstrate that the three active neutrinos and their anti-particles are insufficient to reconcile modified Newtonian dynamics with the observed temperatures of the X-ray emitting gas, nor with weak-lensing measurements, in particular for the bullet cluster. To this end, I propose an 11eV sterile neutrino to serendipitously resolve the residual mass problem in X-ray bright groups and clusters, as well as matching the angular power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background. With this in mind, I show that the large collision velocity of the bullet cluster and the high number of colliding clusters is more naturally reproduced in MOND than in standard dynamics.
Type: Thesis
Publisher: University of St Andrews
Appears in Collections:Physics & Astronomy Theses

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