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dc.contributor.advisorWarren, Charles
dc.contributor.advisorSimpson, Michael Charles
dc.contributor.advisorMcCauley, Darren
dc.contributor.authorHogan, Jessica
dc.description.abstractThis thesis investigates the key factors influencing community acceptance of onshore wind energy, specifically examining the argument that fair involvement in decision-making and fair financial benefits are powerful determinants. The thesis examines this claim through various methodologies and across two different contexts: Scotland and Newfoundland. The initial papers, focusing on Scotland, employ quantitative surveys to investigate the significance of community ownership and energy justice in determining acceptance. By comparing communities which have different degrees of ownership, that is, community, shared, and private, the first paper highlights the characteristics of ownership that foster community acceptance. Notably, it emphasises the importance of fair involvement and financial benefits, providing evidence that a co-operative can achieve a similar degree of acceptance and energy justice as a fully community-owned project. Building on the findings of the first paper, the Scotland second paper employs multigroup structural equation modelling to empirically test the influence of energy justice factors (fair involvement, fair financial benefits, and perceived turbine impacts) on social acceptance and how these relationships vary according to projects with different ownership structures. The chapter demonstrates that while energy justice factors influence acceptance, their relative importance depends on ownership. For instance, residents near the community-owned project placed greater emphasis on fair involvement, while those near the privately-owned project valued fair financial benefits and perceived impacts. The final paper, focusing on Newfoundland, uses semi-structured interviews to examine how place shapes acceptance and justice perceptions for onshore wind, analysed through sociotechnical imaginaries and a political economic analysis of successive industries in the province. The findings reveal that a shared narrative of struggle stemming from the cod fishery collapse has emerged in local discourses around wind projects, promoting acceptance. Taken together, this research demonstrates that the challenging process of negotiating just, sustainable energy transitions requires an understanding of geographical context.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship"This work was supported by the Rothermere Foundation, the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Centennial Scholarship Fund (CCSF) 2020 and 2022, Santander Bank, the School of Geography and Sustainable Development at the University of St Andrews. Particular thanks to the Rothermere Foundation for their exceptional support throughout my PhD and especially for extending my funding after COVID-19, enabling in-person interviews in Newfoundland."--Fundingen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectOnshore wind energyen_US
dc.subjectCommunity acceptanceen_US
dc.subjectEnergy justiceen_US
dc.subjectFair involvementen_US
dc.subjectFair financial benefitsen_US
dc.subjectSociotechnical imaginariesen_US
dc.subjectCommunity ownershipen_US
dc.subjectShared ownershipen_US
dc.subjectPrivate ownershipen_US
dc.subject.lcshWind power--Scotlanden
dc.subject.lcshWind power--Newfoundlanden
dc.subject.lcshRenewable energy sourcesen
dc.titleWhat drives the community acceptance of onshore wind energy? Exploring the link between ownership, energy justice, and place in Scotland and Newfoundlanden_US
dc.contributor.sponsorRothermere Foundationen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorCanada. Social Science and Humanities Research Councilen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorCanadian Centennial Scholarship Fund (CCSF)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography and Sustainable Developmenten_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Restricted until 7 March 2026en

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    Except where otherwise noted within the work, this item's licence for re-use is described as Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International