The type I-G CRISPR system : mechanism, structure and application
REF: BB/S000313/1 to MFW
REF: MR/S021647/1 to RS
REF: 202008060345 to QS
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CRISPR is originally discovered as an adaptive immune system in prokaryotes. It has been widely repurposed for application in different microbiological fields attributed to its ability to target DNA or RNA in a sequence-specific manner. But there is always an uncharted area of CRISPR systems in nature, awaiting exploration. The type I-G CRISPR system is one of the subtypes of type I CRISPR systems with a multi-subunit effector complex compared to type II CRISPR-Cas9, a single subunit effector. Characterised by the enigmatic cas proteins Csb2 and Cas8g, type I-G system is the least understood type I system and possesses a unique mechanism in CRISPR recognition and interference. In this thesis, we expressed and reconstructed a type I-G system from Thioalkalivibrio sulfidiphilus. We present key insights into the biochemistry and mechanism of the system, and a first view of the structure of the effector complex of type I-G is provided. Heterologous expression of type I-G in Escherichia coli provides immunity against mobile genetic elements. Repurposing type I-G for genome editing in E. coli with atypical Cas3 generates desirable editing. These observations provide an overview of the type I-G system, potentiating fundamental studies and further applications.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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Description of related resourcesThe type I-G CRISPR system: mechanism, structure and application (thesis data) Shangguan, Q., University of St Andrews, 20 Oct 2023. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17630/d54ca921-ef39-44bc-8522-4696f2234947
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