Earth Sciences at St Andrews dates to the 17th Century, a rich tradition that shapes our vision for the future: to define the cutting edge of Earth, environmental, and planetary science, and deliver unparalleled student education.

Our research is both curiosity driven, addressing profound questions about the co-evolution of Earth and life, and applied, delivering societal and economic impact. It spans recent environmental change to planetary formation, underpinned by state-of-the-art analytical and field capabilities.

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Recent Submissions

  • Last millennium Northern Hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings : part II, spatially resolved reconstructions 

    Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Wilson, Rob; Briffa, Keith R.; Büntgen, Ulf; Cook, Edward R.; D'Arrigo, Rosanne; Davi, Nicole; Esper, Jan; Frank, David; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Hegerl, Gabi; Helama, Samuli; Klesse, Stefan; Krusic, Paul J.; Linderholm, Hans W.; Myglan, Vladimir; Osborn, Timothy J.; Zhang, Peng; Rydval, Miloš; Schneider, Lea; Schurer, Andrew; Wiles, Greg; Zorita, Eduardo (2017-05-01) - Journal article
    Climate field reconstructions from networks of tree-ring proxy data can be used to characterize regional-scale climate changes, reveal spatial anomaly patterns associated with atmospheric circulation changes, radiative ...
  • Split-grain 40Ar/39Ar dating : integrating temporal and geochemical data from crystal cargoes 

    Ellis, B. S.; Mark, D. F.; Troch, J.; Bachmann, O.; Guillong, M.; Kent, A. J. R.; von Quadt, A. (2017-05-10) - Journal article
    Large sanidine crystals from the Mesa Falls Tuff (MFT), Yellowstone volcanic field, have been split and individually dated via high-precision 40Ar/39Ar geochronology with the undated portions further analysed for major ...
  • Constraining magma storage conditions using phase equilibria models at a restless volcano in the Main Ethiopian Rift 

    Gleeson, Matthew L. M.; Stock, Michael J.; Pyle, David M.; Mather, Tamsin A.; Hutchison, William; Yirgu, Gezahegn (2017-05-01) - Journal article
    The Main Ethiopian Rift hosts a number of peralkaline volcanic centres, with many showing signs of recent unrest. Due, in part, to the low number of historical eruptions recorded in the region, volcanism in the Main Ethiopian ...
  • Anoxic atmospheres on Mars driven by volcanism : implications for past environments and life 

    Sholes, Steven F.; Smith, Megan L.; Claire, Mark W.; Zahnle, Kevin J.; Catling, David C. (2017-07-01) - Journal article
    Mars today has no active volcanism and its atmosphere is oxidizing, dominated by the photochemistry of CO2 and H2O. Mars experienced widespread volcanism in the past and volcanic emissions should have included reducing ...
  • Short episodes of crust generation during protracted accretionary processes 

    Tang, Gong-Jian; Chung, Sun-Lin; Hawkesworth, Chris J.; Cawood, P. A.; Wang, Qiang; Wyman, Derek A.; Xu, Yi-Gang; Zhao, Zhen-Hua (2017-04-15) - Journal article
    Accretionary orogens are major sites of generation of continental crust but the spatial and temporal distribution of crust generation within individual orogens remains poorly constrained. Paleozoic (∼540–270 Ma) granitic ...

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