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dc.contributor.advisorBates, C. Richard
dc.contributor.advisorDawson, Tom
dc.contributor.authorGal, Emily Louise
dc.coverage.spatial474, 56, [16] p.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-14T08:52:26Z
dc.date.available2019-06-14T08:52:26Z
dc.date.issued2019-06-26
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/17889
dc.description.abstractThis thesis comprises an investigation into the nature, chronology, and significance of prehistoric windblown sand deposition on archaeological sites in the Orkney Islands, Scotland. One of the most visible and frequently-encountered forms of evidence for dynamic coastal processes which took place over the last four millennia are horizons of calcareous (shell) and mineral (quartz and feldspar) sands, which were deposited in coastal landscapes and settlements by wind and wave dynamics. Around 20% of the Scottish coastline is made up of sand-based features, with the dune area comprising some 48,000ha (Dargie and Duncan 1999, 143). Such coastal zones were densely settled in the prehistoric period. As monitoring of the modern coastline for changes affecting known archaeological sites continues, deposits of windblown sand - often interleaved with material evidence for human occupation – are becoming frequently recognised in the archaeological record. One coastal region which has felt the impacts of this coastal process (and continues to do so), is the Orkney archipelago, located off the northern coast of Mainland Scotland. It is this group of islands which form the geographical focus of this thesis. Previous archaeological interpretations of this important coastal process have been concerned with the development of chronologies of deposition in an attempt to tie the deposition of windblown sand to narratives of climatic deterioration. Such approaches fail to recognise the broader social significance of these windblown sand deposits, and how they were encountered by prehistorical inhabitants of the coastline. This thesis synthesises all known occurrences of windblown sand on archaeological sites in Orkney, and suggests additional ways in which their socio-economic significance can be realised.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship"This work was supported by The University of St Andrews 600th Anniversary Scholarship, and the Marine Alliance for Science and Technology Scotland (MASTS) [JHI/FRR/RBG/SAC/UDD/UHW/UEH/USA/856/11]. Funding for a series of radiocarbon dates was provided by the NERC Radiocarbon Facility [1994.0416]." -- Fundingen
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrewsen
dc.subjectArchaeologyen_US
dc.subjectOrkney Islandsen_US
dc.subjectWindblown sanden_US
dc.subjectGeomorphologyen_US
dc.subjectPrehistoryen_US
dc.subject.lccGN806.O8G2
dc.subject.lcshExcavations (Archaeology)--Scotland--Orkneyen
dc.subject.lcshGeomorphology--Scotland--Orkneyen
dc.subject.lcshSanden
dc.subject.lcshOrkney (Scotland)--Antiquitiesen
dc.titleThe archaeological potential of windblown sand and its impacts on prehistoric settlements and landscapes in the Orkney Islands, Scotlanden_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorMarine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland (MASTS)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. 600th Anniversary Scholarshipen_US
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.17630/10023-17889


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