Nuclear magnetic resonance in some hydrocarbons at low temperatures
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The nuclear resonance absorption spectrum of several hydrocarbons has been studied at temperatures down to 20°K, using the bridge method of detection. A special cryostat was constructed for use with liquid hydrogen. In the case of cyclopentene, experimental evidence has been found in favour of a non-planar molecule, rotating about an axis perpendicular to the plane defined by four of the carbon atoms. This motion starts near 87°k, the temperature of the reported specific heat transition. At 124°k, the molecules appear to diffuse through the lattice, so that at 128°k, 10° below the melting point, the line width is less than the field inhomogeneity. Measurements of the second moments of n-pentane, n-hexane and n-octane indicate reorientation of the methyl groups about the end C-C axes, even at 20°K. an approximate value for the height of the barrier restricting the rotation in the n-octane molecule has been determined from the spin-lattice relaxation time measurements. Second moment measurements on cyclooctatetraeene have provided strong evidence in favour of a "tub" (D2a) structure of the molecule, with conjugated double and single bonds.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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