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dc.contributor.advisorLang, Anthony F.
dc.contributor.authorAshfaq, Muhammad
dc.coverage.spatialiii, 354 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractWhy has international society been unable to develop political and judicial collective-security arrangements to limit external aggression? The thesis argues that efforts to limit aggression in moral and legal theory have created an unjust order in which great powers have used these theoretical traditions to reinforce their power in the global order. The thesis argues that is not a new development but can be found in one of the oldest traditions of moral reflection on war, the just war tradition. To substantiate this point, the thesis critically surveys the philosophers of the ancient Greek, Roman, Medieval Christian Renaissance, and early modern theorists of just war and demonstrates that their just war ideas contain assumptions about exclusion, identity and power reflecting their cultural superiority which underlie the practices and theories of the leading states and justifications of their aggressive wars. The thesis connects these moral reflections to the emergence of modern international law and the European pluralist international society of states based on mutual respect for sovereignty and the norm of non-intervention, highlighting how justifications of its colonial aggression against non-Europeans established an unjust solidarist order against them which persists in the post-Cold War era. To conclude it presents suggestions for improvement in the current pluralist international arrangements to address the issue of aggression.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.subjectThe crime of aggressionen_US
dc.subjectThe just war traditionen_US
dc.subjectFrancisco de Vitoriaen_US
dc.subjectHugo Grotiusen_US
dc.subjectMichael Walzeren
dc.subjectInternational societyen
dc.subjectGreat powersen
dc.subjectHegemonic warsen
dc.subjectPreventive and preemptive warsen
dc.subjectThe English Schoolen
dc.subjectCollective securityen
dc.subjectInternational criminal lawen
dc.subjectInternational Criminal Courten
dc.subjectSolidarism and pluralismen
dc.subject.lcshJust war doctrine--Historyen
dc.subject.lcshMilitary ethics--Historyen
dc.subject.lcshAggression (International law)en
dc.subject.lcshWorld politicsen
dc.subject.lcshWar--Moral and ethical aspects--Historyen
dc.titleThe crime of aggression : a critical historical inquiry of the just war traditionen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Global Constitutionalismen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.publisher.departmentSchool of International Relationsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 26th June 2022.en

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