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dc.contributor.advisorLang, Anthony F.
dc.contributor.advisorHayden, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorPapamichail, Andreas
dc.coverage.spatialx, 211 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractHumanitarian interventions tend to be justified by claims to the existence of an obligation upon ‘us’ (the benevolent saviours) to intervene militarily when a state is responsible for large-scale atrocity crimes against its own population. However, this justification is paradoxical, given that there is rarely held to exist a commensurate obligation to address structural violence (even when ‘we’ may be partly responsible for, or complicit within, structures that are violent). The paradox arises because structural violence can be harmful – even evil – in its own right, and can also lead to – or exacerbate – direct violence. Hence, intervening militarily, and inevitably causing further harm in the act of intervening, results in a moral shortfall. This shortfall is indicative of a prevailing understanding of harm that is blind to the potential for structures to be violent. In responding to the paradox, I adopt a critical cosmopolitan perspective to argue that because structural violence can be harmful on a great scale, and because it is co-constitutive of direct violence, we ought not to countenance intervening with the use of military force (with what this brings in the form of inevitable intended and unintended harm) to stop direct violence without also considering and addressing violent structures, especially if they are violent structures that we are, ourselves, embedded within. Therefore, it is morally imperative to engage in an ongoing process of illumination and addressing of evil structures to rectify the harms they cause, alongside any efforts to stem direct violence, if any sort of intervention is to be legitimate and just. This requires us to a) expand our understanding of harm and evil at the global level, and b) engage in consistent and sustained deliberative processes that bring to the forefront structural violence and structural underpinnings of direct violence.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectHumanitarian interventionen_US
dc.subjectStructural violenceen_US
dc.subjectCrimes against humanityen_US
dc.subjectDeliberative theoryen_US
dc.subjectInternational lawen_US
dc.subject.lcshHumanitarian interventionen
dc.subject.lcshViolence--Social aspectsen
dc.titleStructural violence and the paradox of humanitarian interventionen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. 600th Anniversary Scholarshipen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 9th March 2021en

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