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dc.contributor.advisorWeiss, Ulrike Elisabeth
dc.contributor.advisorNormand, Tom
dc.contributor.authorGledhill, James
dc.coverage.spatial[4], 436, [9] p.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-16T11:54:34Z
dc.date.available2017-11-16T11:54:34Z
dc.date.issued2017-12-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/12114
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examines the ideological nexus of nationalism and heritage under the social conditions of neoliberalism. The investigation aims to demonstrate how neoliberal economics stimulate the irrationalism manifest in nationalist idealisation of the past. The institutionalisation of national heritage was originally a rational function of the modern state, symbolic of its political and cultural authority. With neoliberal erosion of the productive economy and public institutions, heritage and nostalgia proliferate today in all areas of social life. It is argued that this represents a social pathology linked to the neoliberal state’s inability to construct a future-orientated national project. These conditions enhance the appeal of irrational nationalist and regionalist ideologies idealising the past as a source of cultural purity. Unable to achieve social cohesion, the neoliberal state promotes multiculturalism, encouraging minorities to embrace essentialist identity politics that parallel the nativism of right-wing nationalists and regionalists. This phenomenon is contextualised within the general crisis of progressive modernisation in Western societies that has accompanied neoliberalisation and globalisation. A new theory of activist heritage is advanced to describe autonomous, politicised heritage that appropriates forms and practices from the state heritage sector. Using this concept, the politics of irrational nationalism and regionalism are explored through fieldwork, including participant observation, interviews and photography. The interaction of state and activist heritage is considered at the Wewelsburg 1933-1945 Memorial Museum in Germany wherein neofascists have re-signified Nazi material culture, reactivating it within contemporary political narratives. The activist heritage of Israeli Zionism, Irish Republicanism and Ulster Loyalism is analysed through studies of museums, heritage centres, archaeological sites, exhibitions, monuments and historical re-enactments. These illustrate how activist heritage represents a political strategy within irrational ideologies that interpret the past as the ethical model for the future. This work contends that irrational nationalism fundamentally challenges the Enlightenment’s assertion of reason over faith, and culture over nature, by superimposing pre-modern ideas upon the structure of modernity. An ideological product of the Enlightenment, the nation state remains the only political unit within which a rational command of time and space is possible, and thus the only viable basis for progressive modernity.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectNationalismen_US
dc.subjectHeritageen_US
dc.subjectNeoliberalismen_US
dc.subjectRegionalismen_US
dc.subjectNation stateen_US
dc.subjectModernisationen_US
dc.subjectGlobalisationen_US
dc.subjectMuseumen_US
dc.subjectExhibitionen_US
dc.subjectArchaeologyen_US
dc.subjectHeritage centreen_US
dc.subjectHistorical re-enactmenten_US
dc.subjectMonumenten_US
dc.subjectActivismen_US
dc.subjectMulticulturalismen_US
dc.subjectIdentity politicsen_US
dc.subjectNeofascismen_US
dc.subjectNational Socialismen_US
dc.subjectThird Reichen_US
dc.subjectGermanyen_US
dc.subjectZionismen_US
dc.subjectIsraelen_US
dc.subjectPalestineen_US
dc.subjectWest Banken_US
dc.subjectReligious fundamentalismen_US
dc.subjectKibbutzen_US
dc.subjectSettlementen_US
dc.subjectIrish Republicanismen_US
dc.subjectAuthenticityen_US
dc.subjectRepublic of Irelanden_US
dc.subjectUlster Loyalismen_US
dc.subjectNorthern Irelanden_US
dc.subjectNostalgiaen_US
dc.subjectParadesen_US
dc.subject.lccJC311.G6
dc.subject.lcshNationalismen
dc.subject.lcshNeoliberalismen
dc.subject.lcshNational identityen
dc.subject.lcshCultural propertyen
dc.titleInto the past : nationalism and heritage in the neoliberal ageen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. School of Art Historyen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorRussell Trusten_US
dc.contributor.sponsorElizabeth Gilmore Holt Scholarshipen_US
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US


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