Flatness, extension and amalgamation in monoids, semigroups and rings
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We begin our study of amalgamations by examining some ideas which are well-known for the category of R-modules. In particular we look at such notions as direct limits, pushouts, pullbacks, tensor products and flatness in the category of S-sets. Chapter II introduces the important concept of free extensions and uses this to describe the amalgamated free product. In Chapter III we define the extension property and the notion of purity. We show that many of the important notions in semigroup amalgams are intimately connected to these. In Section 2 we deduce that 'the extension property implies amalgamation' and more surprisingly that a semigroup U is an amalgamation base if and only if it has the extension property in every containing semigroup. Chapter IV revisits the idea of flatness and after some technical results we prove a result, similar to one for rings, on flat amalgams. In Chapter V we show that the results of Hall and Howie on perfect amalgams can be proved using the same techniques as those used in Chapters III and IV. We conclude the thesis with a look at the case of rings. We show that almost all of the results for semi group amalgams examined in the previous chapters, also hold for ring amalgams.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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