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dc.contributor.advisorRoney-Dougal, Colva Mary
dc.contributor.advisorRobertson, E. F.
dc.contributor.advisorO'Connor, John J. (John Joseph)
dc.contributor.authorEminger, Stefanie Ursula
dc.description.abstractThe first International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) was held in Zurich in 1897, setting the standards for all future ICMs. Whilst giving an overview of the congress itself, this thesis focuses on the Swiss organisers, who were predominantly university professors and secondary school teachers. As this thesis aims to offer some insight into their lives, it includes their biographies, highlighting their individual contributions to the congress. Furthermore, it explains why Zurich was chosen as the first host city and how the committee proceeded with the congress organisation. Two of the main organisers were the Swiss geometers Carl Friedrich Geiser (1843-1934) and Ferdinand Rudio (1856-1929). In addition to the congress, they also made valuable contributions to mathematical education, and in Rudio’s case, the history of mathematics. Therefore, this thesis focuses primarily on these two mathematicians. As for Geiser, the relationship to his great-uncle Jakob Steiner is explained in more detail. Furthermore, his contributions to the administration of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology are summarised. Due to the overarching theme of mathematical education and collaborations in this thesis, Geiser’s schoolbook "Einleitung in die synthetische Geometrie" is considered in more detail and Geiser’s methods are highlighted. A selection of Rudio’s contributions to the history of mathematics is studied as well. His book "Archimedes, Huygens, Lambert, Legendre" is analysed and compared to E W Hobson’s treatise "Squaring the Circle". Furthermore, Rudio’s papers relating to the commentary of Simplicius on quadratures by Antiphon and Hippocrates are considered, focusing on Rudio’s translation of the commentary and on "Die Möndchen des Hippokrates". The thesis concludes with an analysis of Rudio’s popular lectures "Leonhard Euler" and "Über den Antheil der mathematischen Wissenschaften an der Kultur der Renaissance", which are prime examples of his approach to the history of mathematics.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrewsen
dc.relationCarl Friedrich Geiser: Einleitung in die synthetische Geometrieen_US
dc.relationFerdinand Rudio: Archimedes, Huygens, Lambert, Legendreen_US
dc.subjectInternational Congress of Mathematiciansen_US
dc.subjectCarl Friedrich Geiseren_US
dc.subjectFerdinand Rudioen_US
dc.subjectSwiss mathematicians 19th centuryen_US
dc.subject19th centuryen_US
dc.subjectSwiss Federal Polytechnicen_US
dc.subjectSwiss Federal Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.subjectSynthetic geometryen_US
dc.subjectHistory of mathematicsen_US
dc.subjectSquaring the circleen_US
dc.subjectSimplicius's commentary on the quadratures of Antiphon and Hippocratesen_US
dc.subjectHippocrates's lunesen_US
dc.subjectJakob Steineren_US
dc.subjectMathematics education in Switzerlanden_US
dc.subjectFritz Bützbergeren_US
dc.subjectErnst Ambergen_US
dc.subjectGustave Dumasen_US
dc.subjectChristian Beyelen_US
dc.subjectHermann Bleuleren_US
dc.subjectHeinrich Burkhardten_US
dc.subjectErnst Fiedleren_US
dc.subjectJérôme Franelen_US
dc.subjectWalter Gröblien_US
dc.subjectSalomon Eduard Gubleren_US
dc.subjectAlbin Herzogen_US
dc.subjectArthur Hirschen_US
dc.subjectAdolf Hurwitzen_US
dc.subjectAdolf Kieferen_US
dc.subjectMarius Lacombeen_US
dc.subjectHermann Minkowskien_US
dc.subjectJohann Jakob Rebsteinen_US
dc.subjectHeinrich Friedrich Weberen_US
dc.subjectAdolf Weileren_US
dc.subjectJulius Gyselen_US
dc.subjectLudwig Schläflien_US
dc.subjectFederal Matura Committeeen_US
dc.subjectICM 1897en_US
dc.subject.lcshInternational Congress of Mathematiciansen_US
dc.subject.lcshRudio, Ferdinand, 1856-1929en_US
dc.subject.lcshMathematics--History--19th centuryen_US
dc.titleCarl Friedrich Geiser and Ferdinand Rudio : the men behind the first International Congress of Mathematiciansen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US

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