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dc.contributor.advisorHoward, Jeremy
dc.contributor.authorGlomm, Anna Sandaker
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examines the relationship between the three artists’ workshops Røde Mor (Red Mother), Folkets Ateljé (The People’s Studio) and GRAS, who worked between 1968 and 1975 in Denmark, Sweden and Norway. Røde Mor was from the outset an articulated Communist graphic workshop loosely organised around collective exhibitions. It developed into a highly productive and professionalised group of artists that made posters by commission for political and social movements. Its artists developed a familiar and popular artistic language characterised by imaginative realism and socialist imagery. Folkets Ateljé, which has never been studied before, was a close knit underground group which created quick and immediate responses to concurrent political issues. This group was founded on the example of Atelier Populaire in France and is strongly related to its practices. Within this comparative study it is the group that comes closest to collective practises around 1968 outside Scandinavia, namely the democratic assembly. The silkscreen workshop GRAS stemmed from the idea of economic and artistic freedom, although socially motivated and politically involved, the group never implemented any doctrine for participation. The aim of this transnational study is to reveal common denominators to the three groups’ poster art as it was produced in connection with a Scandinavian experience of 1968. By ‘1968’ it is meant the period from the late 1960s till the end of the 1970s. It examines the socio-political conditions under which the groups flourished and shows how these groups operated in conjunction with the political environment of 1968. The thesis explores the relationship between political movements and the collective art making process as it appeared in Scandinavia. To present a comprehensible picture of the impact of 1968 on these groups, their artworks, manifestos, and activities outside of the collective space have been discussed. The argument has presented itself that even though these groups had very similar ideological stances, their posters and techniques differ. This has impacted the artists involved to different degrees, yet made it possible to express the same political goals. It is suggested to be linked with the Scandinavian social democracies and common experience of the radicalisation that took place mostly in the aftermath of 1968 proper. By comparing these three groups’ it has been uncovered that even with the same socio-political circumstances and ideological stance divergent styles did develop to embrace these issue.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
dc.subjectPoster art in the twentieth-centuryen_US
dc.subjectPolitical arten_US
dc.subjectSocial realismen_US
dc.subjectSocialist realismen_US
dc.subjectRøde Moren_US
dc.subjectFolkets Ateljéen_US
dc.subjectNorwegian twentieth-century arten_US
dc.subjectDanish twentieth-century arten_US
dc.subjectSwedish twentieth-century arten_US
dc.subjectScandinavian twentieth-century arten_US
dc.subjectPop arten_US
dc.subjectConceptual arten_US
dc.subjectPopular movementsen_US
dc.subjectTransnational studyen_US
dc.subjectEEC 1972en_US
dc.subjectCommunism and arten_US
dc.subjectMarxist-Leninism and arten_US
dc.subjectUnderground and sub cultureen_US
dc.subject1970s Scandinaviaen_US
dc.subjectMarxism and arten_US
dc.subjectGrassroot movementsen_US
dc.subjectGraphic arten_US
dc.subjectOffset printen_US
dc.subjectLinoleum printen_US
dc.subjectAtelier Populaireen_US
dc.subjectArt Workers Coalitionen_US
dc.subjectSocial art historyen_US
dc.subjectRussian avant garde poster arten_US
dc.subjectNeo-avant gardeen_US
dc.subjectActivism and arten_US
dc.subjectComparative study of arten_US
dc.subjectScandinavian 1968en_US
dc.subjectEuropean 1968en_US
dc.subjectPolitical pop-arten_US
dc.subjectYouth rebellion and uprisingen_US
dc.subjectCapitalism and arten_US
dc.subjectStreet arten_US
dc.subjectScandinavian model and arten_US
dc.subjectNordic model and arten_US
dc.subjectSocial democracy and arten_US
dc.subjectChinese Cultural Revolutionen_US
dc.subjectThird World and anti-imperialismen_US
dc.subject.lcshArt--Political aspects--Scandinaviaen_US
dc.subject.lcshArtists' studios--Scandinaviaen_US
dc.subject.lcshPolitical postersen_US
dc.subject.lcshRøde Moren_US
dc.subject.lcshFolkets Ateljéen_US
dc.titleGraphic revolt! Scandinavian artists' workshops, 1968-1975 : Røde Mor, Folkets Ateljé and GRASen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.publisher.departmentSchool of Art Historyen_US
dc.rights.embargodatePrint and electronic copy restricted until 16th February 2017. Electronic copy of Appendices restricted indefinitelyen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulationsen_US

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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
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