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|Title: ||An edition of Diwan al-Ahkam al-kubra by `Isa b. Sahl (d. 486 A.H / 1144)|
|Authors: ||al-Nuaimy, Rashid Hamid|
|Issue Date: ||1978|
|Abstract: ||The title of this thesis is "An Edition of Diwan Al Ahkam
al-Kubra by `Isa b. Sahl Abi al-Asbag who died in the year 486 A. H.
1093. A. D. This work consists of two parts. The first part is the
Arabic text, and the second is the English introduction.
This thesis as a whole was intended to become three volumes but
only the original copy is now in three volumes and the photocopies
are in two volumes.
The first volume ended at page number 727 and the second started
with the subject of “Sura fima Tahalaf...” 11 page number 728 to the end
of the Arabic text.
The Arabic text contains the Arabic index of Diwan al-Ahkam
al-Kubra, a few loose pages found with this book, the whole material
of the master copy and all the additional pages found in copies R and
The present Arabic text is the photocopy of a manuscript which
was procured from The National Library in Algeria. It was listed under
No. 1332, and it was used as a master copy of this thesis.
The other nine copies have been utilised as supplementary material
for the purpose of checking evidence, of comparing variants and for
verification, where difficulties occurred in reading some lines or
illegible words in the master copy.
The English part consists of six chapters.
The first chapter provides general information as an introduction
to this thesis in locating the master copy, and the other copies.
The second chapter provides an idea of A1-Awza’iy's doctrines
in Andalusia during Abu A1-Asbag’s time, and how these doctrines
appeared in Andalusia. Imam Malik's doctrines were discussed, and
so was the method of how it was introduced there before the 'Isa b.
General ideas about Imam Malik and Abu Hanifa, their life and opinions,
their schools in al-Madina and Iraq, and their different legal opinions
were examined in this chapter. Also included in the chapter, is the
influence of Malik's doctrines through his students, who introduced
the doctrines into Andalusia.
Also incorporated was the question of Egypt and her part in
advancing Malik's doctrines into Andalusia, with reference to what
was found in Abu al-Asbag's book, as a part of the establishment of
Malik's doctrines in Andalusia and North Africa.
The question of Al-Si`a’s doctrines in North Africa and Andalusia
as a different school from the Sunna which began to reveal itself
through the conflict between the other Sunna schools (Awza`iy, Maliki
and Hanafi) was analysed.
The third chapter concerned Legal organisation in Andalusia, the
Powers and the Obligations of jurists. We referred in this chapter to
Abu al-Asbag's words in his book and how-the legal procedures were
organized during his lifetime.
The duties and responsibilities of the judges in their different
capacities were mentioned and evaluated in this section of the chapter,
with reference to the legal cases of Abu al-Asbag's. There is a general
examination of the various kinds of legal offices pertaining to the
judges, such as Sahib al-Mawarit, Sahib al-Surta, and Sahib al-Madina.
Mention was also made of some judges who held legal positions such as
Sahib al-Bahar and Sahib al-Sika. Various forms of punishment were
looked at with respect to individual crime, as issuing from the
administration of legal authority.
The fourth chapter deals with the author of the MS, his name,
surname, place and date of birth, his teachers, qualifications for
the legal profession, his journeys, his students, his later years and
There was the attempt to elucidate the historical evidence concerning
the life and activity of the author, by employing both ancient
and modern references available in and outwith Great Britain.
The author's legal statements were quoted in order to give an idea
about his legal practices. At the end of this chapter the conclusion
was reached that Abu al-Asbag was a very well-known scholar, judge,
jurist and legal adviser to the ruler. A few paragraphs were quoted
showing the high esteem in which he was held.
The fifth chapter of the thesis is given over to an analysis and
a description of the Algerian copy (No. 1332) as a master copy. -
A description of the other copies (R, A, B, D, H, F, S, The
Royal Copy No. 2501, the missing copy No. 464D, and copy M) were given
in full detail, with the different title of each copy.
At the end of the chapter a key to the Arabic text is given.
The sixth chapter deals with the classification of the legal topics
covered in the author's book and their relationship to the Iraqi Laws,
with consideration of the necessary legal topics.
The thesis also deals with the author's legal opinions and his
colleagues. It examines the author's conception of Islamic Law and
Islamic Jurisprudence in Andalusia during the Muslim times. Also
contained are photocopies of the first and the last pages of all MSS
used in the work.|
|Appears in Collections:||Modern Languages Theses|
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