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dc.contributor.advisorSweetman, Rebecca J.
dc.contributor.advisorRibeiro Machado, Carlos Augusto
dc.contributor.authorWein, Mikel
dc.description.abstractThe Iron Age saw increasing intra- and inter-regional connectivity, social hierarchy, and economic production of settlements in southern Etruria and Latium. Some settlements, such as Rome, prospered, while others did not. This research combined archaeological semiotics with spatial network analysis to explore exchange of fibulae and impasto cups among Rome and nine neighbour sites, from Tarquinia east to Narce and south to Satricum. It demonstrated how interactions between a site’s geographic location and mobility of goods led to differing levels of prominence and control of fibula and cup designs in the region. Fibula exchange shifted from a widespread network of enlarged arch and serpentine arch fibulae to a network of boat, leech bow, and dragon fibulae traded among smaller groups of sites. Concurrently, prominent sites shifted from coastal sites Tarquinia and Caere (Pyrgi) to inland sites, including Veii and Rome. Cup networks reached all sites but were centred on geographically close neighbours Gabii (Osteria dell’Osa), Rome, and Veii. Trends in cup shapes and decoration suggested building importance of Rome over the Iron Age, along with continuing or lessening importance of Veii and Gabii (Osteria dell’Osa). Although there was low correlation between travel costs or distance among sites and fibula or cup exchange, sites farthest from central sites Rome, Gabii (Osteria dell’Osa), and Veii tended to have lower participation in the networks. Over all networks, design specialization appears to have been less successful than generalization for sustained growth. As travel routes shifted over time, sites that specialized due to favourable location for imports (Caere), resources (Tarquinia), or reproduction and distribution (Veii) had momentary importance in exchange of materials. Rome’s sustained growth and importance can be attributed to location along trading routes and a generalist strategy of accumulating fibula and cup designs.en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectNetwork analysisen_US
dc.subjectLandscape archaeologyen_US
dc.subjectCentral Italyen_US
dc.subjectIron Age Italyen_US
dc.subjectPre-Roman Italyen_US
dc.subjectSettlement dynamicsen_US
dc.subject.lcshLandscape archaeology--Italy, Centralen
dc.subject.lcshCities and towns, Ancient--Italy, Centralen
dc.subject.lcshSocial sciences--Network analysisen
dc.subject.lcshItaly, Central--Antiquitiesen
dc.titleEtruscan and Latin networks : a semiotic exploration of interconnectivityen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorProfessor Ian Kidd Bequest for Classicsen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Restricted until 13 December 2025en

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    Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
    Except where otherwise noted within the work, this item's licence for re-use is described as Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International