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dc.contributor.advisorStrachan, Hew
dc.contributor.advisorNethercott, Frances
dc.contributor.authorAnisimova, Sofya Dmitrievna
dc.description.abstractIn the last thirty years the appreciation of the First World War as ‘the war of coalitions’ has gained widespread recognition, and firmly established itself as one of the most prominent approaches to the evaluation of the military strategy of the First World War. However, due to inaccessibility of the archives and complexity of the language, Russian Empire’s contribution to the Entente strategy has often been overlooked. This thesis attempts to remedy that and evaluates the role that the Russian high command played in developing the coalition strategy of the Entente from August 1914 until February 1917. It argues that after September 1915 Russia became one of the greatest advocates of a unified coalition strategy and was instrumental in the Entente’s agreeing on a plan for a coordinated Allied offensive in 1915 and 1916. The driver for this development was the weakening of Russia’s military power and the political crisis at home brought on by the Great Retreat in summer 1915. The new high command led by General Alekseev was anxious to achieve victory for Russia before it could be engulfed in political unrest. Alekseev also had his own original vision of strategy that involved using the Salonika and Ottoman fronts as launching grounds for a large-scale offensive designed to break the geographical unity of the Central Powers and deprive Germany of material resources of its allies. Although Alekseev’s plans were never fulfilled, their existence proves that the Entente strategists often had a better understanding of coalition warfare and were more flexible in their planning than previously thought. By bringing Russia into the coalition narrative, this thesis questions existing preconceptions about the Entente developed as a result of research focused predominantly on Anglo-French relations and opens a path to a more balanced view of the 1914-1918 conflict.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship"This work was supported by Gerda Henkel Stiftung [scholarship number AZ 15/P/19] and the University of St Andrews [Nicholas Murray Scholarship in the History of War]."--Fundingen
dc.subjectFirst World Waren_US
dc.subjectMilitary strategyen_US
dc.subjectRussian Empireen_US
dc.subjectMikhail Alekseeven_US
dc.subjectJosef Joffreen_US
dc.subject.lcshRussia. Armii︠a︡--History--World War, 1914-1918en
dc.subject.lcshWorld War, 1914-1918--Russiaen
dc.subject.lcshRussia--History, Military--1801-1917en
dc.subject.lcshMilitary planning--Europe--History--20th centuryen
dc.titleRussia’s military strategy and the Entente in the First World War, 1914–1917en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorGerda Henkel Stiftungen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. School of History. Nicholas Murray Scholarship in the History of Waren_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonRestricted in accordance with University regulations. Restricted until 7th April 2028en
dc.identifier.grantnumberAZ 15/P/19en_US

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