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dc.contributor.advisorShearer, Morven
dc.contributor.advisorHoward, Jeremy
dc.contributor.authorBlack, Emma
dc.description.abstractHistorical medical human remains were created for research through dissection, mainly without gaining consent from the deceased or the deceased’s family. Hard tissue (bone and teeth) and soft tissue (internal organs and the tissue that surrounds, supports and connects to them) were procured through acknowledged acts of punitive justice, illegal acts of grave robbing, murder and medical entitlement. This abuse is not hidden. Beyond the ‘heroic discovery – or heroic squabbling’ of developing medicine, the social history of medicine demonstrates how medical human remains are ‘rooted, unambiguously, in human cruelty and misery’. Yet, discussions on this topic in medical museums are often reframed as arguments suggesting that the harm caused was mitigated by advancement of medical research. Similarly, arguments that discount the active discrimination behind these acts by suggesting ignorance or differing moral values of the time as reasonable justification are prevalent in this area. By drawing from the field of trauma psychology and my own reflexive practice, this study aims to step away from these often circular arguments and focus directly on the human cost of medical human remains and the modern implications for museum professionals and visitors. Through the chapters of this study, I aim to provide information and knowledge gained from my own experience in working with medical human remains in the hope that it will protect both the living and dead. Ultimately, this study issues a call to courage, to remove medical human remains from display, and for the wider museum community to draw upon this study to recognise and address the impact of all forms of discriminations.en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectMedical ethicsen_US
dc.subjectMedical musuemsen_US
dc.subjectHuman remainsen_US
dc.subjectInstitutional betrayalen_US
dc.subjectTrauma psychologyen_US
dc.subjectJennifer Freyden_US
dc.subjectCall for courageen_US
dc.subjectCarly Parnitzke Smithen_US
dc.subjectCultural betrayalen_US
dc.subjectAnatomy Acten_US
dc.subjectHuman Tissue Acten_US
dc.subjectEquality Acten_US
dc.subjectAlder Heyen_US
dc.subjectSocio-economic discriminationen_US
dc.subjectSocial murderen_US
dc.subjectCapital punishmenten_US
dc.subjectDavid Mylesen_US
dc.subjectMary Pattersonen_US
dc.subjectSara Baartmanen_US
dc.subjectCharles Byrneen_US
dc.subjectGunther von Hagansen_US
dc.subjectRobert Knoxen_US
dc.subjectBurke and Hareen_US
dc.subjectSui Hong Jinen_US
dc.subjectMedical historyen_US
dc.subjectMurder Acten_US
dc.subjectParticipatory modelen_US
dc.subjectJudicial violenceen_US
dc.subjectAct of omissionen_US
dc.subjectAct of commissionen_US
dc.titleDissecting museums : understanding medical human remains as institutional betrayalen_US
dc.type.qualificationnameMPhil Master of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.publisher.departmentUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen_US

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    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
    Except where otherwise noted within the work, this item's licence for re-use is described as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International