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dc.contributor.advisorEasterby-Smith, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorGarrett, Natalee
dc.coverage.spatialxxii, 438 p.en_US
dc.descriptionElectronic version excludes material for which permission has not been granted by the rights holderen
dc.description.abstractThis thesis explores caricatures of elite individuals produced in France and Britain between 1740 and 1795. It argues that the urban public spheres of France and Britain were increasingly critical of the elite in this period, and that caricatures were a significant means of expressing this criticism. It is a comparative study of British and French caricatures, analysing the similarities in popular urban attitudes towards the elite in both countries, and the ways in which these attitudes were visually depicted. The eighteenth century saw significant expansion of a public sphere which facilitated widespread discussion about the social and political makeup of society in both countries. Scholarship of eighteenth-century European caricature has largely focused on 1789-1800. By examining sources which cross from the ancien régime and into the early years of the French Revolution, it becomes possible to explore how shifting popular attitudes towards the elite were manifested in visual culture. By analysing recurrent motifs in British and French caricatures, this study argues that the reiteration of these motifs constituted a ‘language’ by which caricaturists communicated with viewers in a visual format. In doing so, it identifies, and assesses the significance of, the following key themes: the development of the urban public sphere, the emergence of a modern celebrity culture, and changing cultural attitudes towards the elite. The thesis contributes to recent historiography on eighteenth-century celebrity and the public sphere by exploring how caricatures participated in the development of these cultures, particularly in the capital cities of London and Paris. It also considers the extent to which British and French caricatures contributed to contemporary popular discourse on the purpose and traditional roles of elite members of society. Overall, the thesis argues that caricatures were a crucial mode of public discourse on the socio-political elite in France and Britain between 1740 and 1795.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship“I would also like to express my sincere gratitude to the donors of the Dorothy Miller Scholarship for financially supporting my research, and to the School of History at St Andrews for awarding me this scholarship.” - Acknowledgementsen
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectVisual cultureen_US
dc.subjectPopular cultureen_US
dc.subjectSatirical printsen_US
dc.subjectFrench Revolutionen_US
dc.subjectGeorgian Britainen_US
dc.subjectComparative historyen_US
dc.subjectSocio-political eliteen_US
dc.subjectEighteenth-century Franceen_US
dc.subjectEighteenth-century Britainen_US
dc.subjectEuropean historyen_US
dc.title'Those scandalous prints' : caricatures of the elite in France and Britain, c.1740-1795en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorDorothy Miller Scholarshipen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. School of Historyen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US

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    Except where otherwise noted within the work, this item's licence for re-use is described as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International