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dc.contributor.advisorMurdoch, Steve
dc.contributor.authorSimons, Christin
dc.coverage.spatial228 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractPrevious studies of the Swedish East India Company (SOIC) have consistently demonstrated the resentment of the ‘great maritime powers’, especially Great Britain, towards new competition emerging from Scandinavia. In response, the SOIC was forced to find a strategy to guarantee its survival and thereby avoid the fate of the recently abolished Ostend Company. While scholars have focused on the SOIC’s economic strategy, its legal strategy remains largely unexamined. This thesis explores the role of the Scot Colin Campbell (1686-1757) as a director of the SOIC, and how his knowledge of British law was a key component of Swedish success in the East India trade. Condemned as an ʽinterloperʼ by British legislation, his presence, viewed as hostile by other British subjects, naturally generated a response from Great Britain and the Honourable East India Company (EIC). The conflict culminated in the so-called Porto Novo affair of 1733, in which a 600-strong Franco-British force attacked the Swedish warehouse in the neutral town of Porto Novo on the Coromandel Coast. The ensuing eight-year-long lawsuit demonstrates the struggle between British exceptionalism and Swedish sovereignty, leading to the question: who owns the sea? Based on research into perceptions and reputations, this thesis contributes to the understanding of maritime conflicts in the absence of international maritime law and the impact of commercial treaties on the nationʼs sovereignty.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship"This work was supported by the Economic History Society, St Leonard’s Postgraduate College and the Chinese Scholarship Council to undertake my studies at the University of St Andrews and the Beijing Language and Culture University. I was further supported by the Banco Santander (administered through St Leonard’s Postgraduate College), the Royal Historical Society, the World Ship Society, the Society for Nautical Research and the Dutch-Belgian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, providing funding to speak at conferences and undertake research in various archives." -- Fundingen
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.subjectEast India tradeen_US
dc.subjectInternational lawen_US
dc.subjectLaw of nationsen_US
dc.subjectLegal strategiesen_US
dc.subjectMaritime lawen_US
dc.subjectSwedish East India Companyen_US
dc.subjectSwedish historyen_US
dc.subjectTransnational historyen_US
dc.subject.lcshSvenska ostindiska kompaniet--Historyen
dc.title“The Law is open on both sides.” : the contrasting British and Swedish interpretations of the Law of Nations and its impact on the role of perceptions and reputations in the East India trade of the 1730s-1740sen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorBanco de Santanderen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorChina Scholarship Council (CSC)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorWerkgroep 18e Eeuw (Nijmegen, Netherlands)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorEconomic History Societyen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorRoyal Historical Society (Great Britain)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorSociety for Nautical Research (London, England)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. St Leonard's Collegeen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorWorld Ship Societyen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 31st May 2026en

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