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dc.contributor.advisorBrown, Michael Hunter
dc.contributor.authorAyton, Alastair Iain
dc.coverage.spatial[9], 258, [58] p.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis is a study of Marcher lords between 1254 and 1272. Those studied include: the Bigod earls of Norfolk; the de Clare earls of Gloucester and Hertford; the de Bohun earls of Hereford and Essex; the Mortimer lords of Wigmore; and William de Valence, the newly appointed lord of Pembroke. This thesis provides an original assessment of their respective lordships, focusing primarily on their landholdings within the March and English border shires (Cheshire, Shropshire, Herefordshire and Gloucestershire), highlighting the importance of these estates in shaping their overall position as political elites. It assesses the extent to which their territorial concerns determined their contribution to events within the March and England during a period of widespread volatility. The nexus of their respective lands, tenants and followers is considered, as are the different patterns of patronage and networks of power pertinent to each Marcher lord. This research also draws on original evidence to highlight the increased involvement of the English crown in the March before, during, and after the Second Barons’ War (1264-1267). It highlights the creation of both the Lord Edward and the Lord Edmund as Marcher lords of the first rank, albeit with different rights and obligations, as part of a wider impetus to consolidate and protect the crown’s estates in Wales. Their interactions with the Marcher lords and the shifting fortunes of their careers are analysed alongside their fellow Marchers’ own respective allegiances to the crown, to provide a more comprehensive study of the nature and extent of Marcher lordship. The main aim here is to highlight the increased and evolving role of the crown in the March in the late Thirteenth Century, and to demonstrate the extent to which developments in the March were interwoven with events in England. Overall, this thesis contributes to studies concerned with borderlands. It does this because of the understanding that in studying a society’s peripheries alongside its centre, the outer fringes of its border zones alongside its localities, a better understanding of that society is achieved. This thesis therefore ultimately provides an original contribution to several other historiographies, namely those of Medieval Wales, the Welsh March, thirteenth-century England and aristocratic society, and to studies of medieval noble identity more broadly.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectMarcher lordsen_US
dc.subjectMedieval Walesen_US
dc.subjectSecond Barons' Waren_US
dc.subjectHenry IIIen_US
dc.subjectMarch of Walesen_US
dc.subjectWelsh Marchesen_US
dc.subjectRoyal governmenten_US
dc.subjectDuchy of Lancasteren_US
dc.subjectLord Edwarden_US
dc.subjectLord Edmunden_US
dc.subjectSimon de Montforten_US
dc.subjectBaronial reformsen_US
dc.subjectMedieval kingshipen_US
dc.subjectMedieval lordshipen_US
dc.subjectThirteenth centuryen_US
dc.subjectMedieval English earldomsen_US
dc.subject.lcshHenry III, King of England, 1207-1272en
dc.subject.lcshMarch of Wales--Historyen
dc.subject.lcshBorder security--England--History--To 1500en
dc.subject.lcshWelsh Borders (England and Wales)--History--To 1500en
dc.subject.lcshWelsh Borders (England and Wales)--Politics and governmenten
dc.subject.lcshGreat Britain--History--13th centuryen
dc.titlePolitics, policy and power : the Marcher lords and the English crown in the March of Wales, 1254-1272en_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 29th September 2023en

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    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
    Except where otherwise noted within the work, this item's licence for re-use is described as Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International