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dc.contributor.advisorGreenwood, Tim
dc.contributor.authorNakada, Kosuke
dc.coverage.spatialxii, 209 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis explores understudied aspects of the interactions between Byzantium and Armenia through the ninth to the eleventh centuries. The period in question was a transformative era for Armenia. As a result of the Byzantine expansion, Armenians encountered differences and commonalities with the Byzantine Empire. Their response was multiple. Some accepted the new regime and culture, and others resisted. This led to the creation of new cultural and intellectual trends in the local societies, as to how they define themselves against others. However, hitherto such local-level interactions have not been adequately studied, because both Armenologists and Byzantinists have tended to focus on higher social strata. The former have employed a nationalistic framework whereas the latter have presupposed top-down rule. To tackle this problem, the present thesis defines Armenia in this period as a contact zone and explores multiple forms of transformation at a local level, produced by interactions among people with different views, interests and ideas. Firstly, Part One demonstrates that the political and diplomatic relationship between Byzantium and Armenia was not limited to the relationship between ‘states’ but involved various local figures. Secondly, Part Two argues, from close reading of Armenian colophons produced in the face of Byzantine expansion, that such local-level interactions facilitated cultural exchanges. It further contends that new cultural elements brought from Byzantium to Armenia were creatively re-used and promoted the development of new cultural trends. Finally, Part Three shows that Armenian identity was fragmented and transformed through such political upheavals and cultural changes. This is mainly studied through the work of Uxtanēs of Sebasteia. These studies enable us to understand Byzantine-Armenian relations in this period in terms of dynamic social and cultural exchanges and reveal active roles played by local figures in the encounters.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship"This work was supported by the Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO) [grant number L17126010013]; and the Berenike Walburg Travel Scholarship [2019]." -- Fundingen
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.subjectMedieval identityen_US
dc.subjectCult of saintsen_US
dc.subject.lcshArmenia--Relations--Byzantine Empireen
dc.subject.lcshByzantine Empire--Relations--Armeniaen
dc.subject.lcshArmenia--History--Bagratuni dynasty, 885-1045en
dc.subject.lcshArmenia--Social life and customsen
dc.titleSocial and cultural interactions across the Byzantine-Armenian frontier, c. 900–1045en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorNihon Gakusei Shien Kikōen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorBerenike Walburg Travel Scholarshipen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargodateThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 16th April 2025en

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