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dc.contributor.advisorCox, Rory
dc.contributor.authorMacLellan, Rory
dc.coverage.spatialx, 300 p.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-31T13:51:45Z
dc.date.available2019-05-31T13:51:45Z
dc.date.issued2019-06-27
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/17791
dc.description.abstractThis study examines what motivated donors to the Knights Hospitaller throughout the British Isles from 1291 to 1400. The Hospitallers, a military-religious order which fought in the crusades, came to Britain and Ireland in the twelfth century. It soon became, due to the generosity of donors from all levels of society, one of the archipelago’s largest ecclesiastical institutions. This thesis is the first study of donations to the Hospitallers in the British Isles, allowing conclusions to be drawn about the Order’s patronage and relations with societies throughout Britain and Ireland. Chapter One discusses the role of the Hospitallers’ crusading, knighthood, and hospitality in motivating donors, finding that these traditional explanations behind patronage, particularly crusading, played only a minor role. Chapter Two finds that their military support of England did influence patronage by alienating support, but only in Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The remaining chapters show what really motivated most patrons: personal and professional ties, particularly familial, religious benefactions, and localism. At each stage, the Hospitallers’ patronage is compared with that of other religious orders, finding that there was little difference between what motivated donations to military and non-military orders. Such a conclusion has important implications for the treatment of the military orders in studies of medieval religion, many of which relegate these orders to a subfield of crusade studies rather than treating them as a full part of mainstream religious life. It also suggests that we should reconsider the place of the military orders within the societies of late medieval Britain and Ireland. They were not valued by most donors primarily as outposts of the crusade movement, but rather were treated firstly as professed religious offering much the same services as any other house: intercessory prayer, employment, trade, and acting as a source of prestige for those who patronised them.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.subjectKnights Hospitalleren_US
dc.subjectMilitary ordersen_US
dc.subjectCrusadesen_US
dc.subjectReligious patronageen_US
dc.subjectLate medieval Britain and Irelanden_US
dc.subjectFourteenth centuryen_US
dc.subjectReligious ordersen_US
dc.subject.lccCR4725.M36
dc.subject.lcshKnights of Malta--History--To 1500en
dc.subject.lcshKnights of Malta--Great Britain--Historyen
dc.subject.lcshKnights of Malta--Ireland--Historyen
dc.subject.lcshPatronage, Ecclesiastical--England--History--14th centuryen
dc.subject.lcshPatronage, Ecclesiastical--Ireland--History--14th centuryen
dc.subject.lcshGreat Britain--History--14th centuryen
dc.subject.lcshIreland--History--14th centuryen
dc.titlePatronage of the Knights Hospitaller in Britain and Ireland, 1291-1400en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargodate2024-04-29
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 29th April 2024en


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