Show simple item record

Files in this item


Item metadata

dc.contributor.advisorStewart, Angus Donal
dc.contributor.authorGoudie, Kenneth Alexander
dc.coverage.spatialx, 226 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examines the reinvention of jihād ideology in twelfth‑century al‑Shām. In modern scholarship there is a tendency to speak of a revival of jihād in the twelfth century, but discussion of this revival has been dominated by study of the practice of jihād rather than of the ideology of jihād. This thesis addresses this imbalance by studying two twelfth‑century Damascene works: the Kitāb al‑jihād (Book of Jihād) of ʿAlī b. Ṭāhir al‑Sulamī (d. 500/1106), and the al‑Arbaʿūn ḥadīthan fī al‑ḥathth ʿala al‑jihād (Forty Hadiths for Inciting Jihād) of Abū al‑Qāsim Ibn ʿAsākir (d. 571/1176). Through discussion of these texts, this thesis sheds light on twelfth‑century perceptions of jihād by asking what their authors meant when they referred to jihād, and how their perceptions of jihād related to the broader Islamic discourse on jihād. A holistic approach is taken to these works; they are discussed not only in the context of the 'master narrative' of jihād, wherein juristic sources have been privileged over other non‑legal genres and corpora, but also in the context of the Sufi discourse of jihād al‑nafs, and the earliest traditions on jihād which thrived from the eighth century onwards on the Muslim‑Byzantine frontier. This thesis argues that both al‑Sulamī and Ibn ʿAsākir integrated elements from these different traditions of jihād in order to create models of jihād suited to their own political contexts, and that it is only in the context of a more nuanced appreciation of jihād ideology that their attempts can be properly understood. At the same time, this thesis argues against the model of the 'counter‑crusade', which holds that the revival of jihād began in earnest only in the middle of the twelfth century, by stressing that there was no delay between the arrival of the Franks and attempts to modify jihād ideology.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.subjectal-Sulamī, ʿAlī b. Ṭāhiren_US
dc.subjectJihād al-nafsen_US
dc.subjectIbn al-Mubārak, ʿAbd Allāhen_US
dc.subjectIbn ʿAsākir, Abū al-Qāsimen_US
dc.subject.lcshJihad--Syria--History--To 1500en
dc.subject.lcshal-Sulamī, ʻAlī Ibn Ṭāhir, ?-1106/07. Kitāb al‑jihād
dc.subject.lcshIbn ʻAsākir, ʻAlī ibn al-Ḥasan, 1105-1176. Arbaʻūn ḥadīthan fī al-ḥathth ʻalá al-jihād
dc.titleThe reinvention of jihād in twelfth-century al-Shāmen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorCarnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotlanden_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. School of Historyen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record