Economics & Finance (School of) >
Economics & Finance >
Economics & Finance Theses >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||The impact of industrialization on adult mortality in Eastern Scotland, c. 1810-1861|
|Authors: ||Ball, Emma|
|Issue Date: ||1996|
|Abstract: ||This study investigates the links between economic and demographic variables by
examining the impact of industrialization on adult mortality in eastern Scotland, c. 1810-61.
Using the concept of the urban hierarchy, sixteen parishes in the counties of Angus and
Fife were selected to represent different degrees of industrialization. Patterns of adult
mortality in these parishes between 1810 and 1854 are then examined using data on burials
from the parish registers. The results are checked by comparing them with the results
obtained from an analysis of vital registration data on deaths for the period 1855-61. Thus
overall trends in adult mortality are identified and then disaggregated by age, sex, cause of
death and occupation.
The results show that adult mortality was generally higher in the most industrialized
areas. Furthermore, rates in these parishes generally increased over the period whilst in the
less industrialized areas they fell. Overall most people died from infectious diseases but
deaths from these causes (including tuberculosis) fell over the period. The increase in
mortality appears to be in part due to a rise in deaths from respiratory diseases (especially
amongst textile workers in the main industrial centres) and food- and water-borne illnesses.
This suggests that industrialization had a negative impact on adult mortality rates, causing a
short-term rise in mortality in the early to mid-nineteenth century. This was in part due to
the direct effect industrialization had, with the shift towards textile employment probably
leading to increased mortality from respiratory diseases especially amongst factory
workers. The impact of industrialization also appears to have operated indirectly via the
impetus it gave to urbanization and changes in the spatial distribution of the population that
resulted in worsening sanitary conditions and increased exposure to infection.|
|Publisher: ||University of St Andrews|
|Appears in Collections:||Economics & Finance Theses|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.