Nanostructured terbium-doped ceria pheres : effect of dopants on physical and chemical properties under reducing and oxidizing conditions
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In this work, nanostructured Ce1-xTbxO2-δ(x = 0.1 and 0.2) spheres were synthesized by microwave assisted hydrothermal homogeneous co-precipitation and their properties were characterized by synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and scanning and high resolution electron microscopy (SEM and HRTEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Spherical particles with average diameters around 200 nm were obtained in excellent yields. In order to compare the effect of the morphology on the physico-chemical properties, terbium-doped ceria nanopowders were also synthesized by a cation complexation method. In situ XRD, X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments were carried out under reducing and oxidizing conditions in order to investigate the redox behaviour of these materials and to evaluate the oxidation state ratios in the Ce3+/Ce4+ and Tb3+/Tb4+ couples. All of the Ce1-xTbxO2-δ samples were found to have a cubic crystal structure (Fm-3m space group). The spheres were composed of nanoparticles with an average crystallite size of about 10 nm. In situ XRD experiments showed an increase in lattice parameters on reduction which was attributed to the reduction of Ce 4+ and Tb4+cations to Ce3+ and Tb3+, which have larger radii, and to the associated increase in VO concentration. The effect of synthesis method on structural properties was evident in that the percentage of Tb present as Tb3+ in the nanostructured spheres was larger than in the nanopowders of the same elemental composition.
Acuña , L M , Muñoz , F F , Albornoz , C A , Leyva , A G , Baker , R T & Fuentes , R O 2015 , ' Nanostructured terbium-doped ceria pheres : effect of dopants on physical and chemical properties under reducing and oxidizing conditions ' Journal of Materials Chemistry A , vol 3 , no. 31 , pp. 16120-16131 . DOI: 10.1039/C5TA02535D
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Copyright 2015 the Authors. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5TA02535D