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dc.contributor.advisorRoney-Dougal, Colva Mary
dc.contributor.advisorRobertson, E. F.
dc.contributor.advisorO'Connor, John J. (John Joseph)
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Elizabeth Faith
dc.coverage.spatialxiv, 293en_US
dc.description.abstractIn this thesis I present new insights into aspects of Peter Guthrie Tait’s life and work, derived principally from largely-unexplored primary source material: Tait’s scrapbook, the Tait–Maxwell school-book and Tait’s pocket notebook. By way of associated historical insights, I also come to discuss the innovative and far-reaching mathematics of the elusive Frenchman, C.-V. Mourey. P. G. Tait (1831–1901) F.R.S.E., Professor of Mathematics at the Queen’s College, Belfast (1854–1860) and of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh (1860–1901), was one of the leading physicists and mathematicians in Europe in the nineteenth century. His expertise encompassed the breadth of physical science and mathematics. However, since the nineteenth century he has been unfortunately overlooked—overshadowed, perhaps, by the brilliance of his personal friends, James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879), Sir William Rowan Hamilton (1805–1865) and William Thomson (1824–1907), later Lord Kelvin. Here I present the results of extensive research into the Tait family history. I explore the spiritual aspect of Tait’s life in connection with The Unseen Universe (1875) which Tait co-authored with Balfour Stewart (1828–1887). I also reveal Tait’s surprising involvement in statistics and give an account of his introduction to complex numbers, as a schoolboy at the Edinburgh Academy. A highlight of the thesis is a re-evaluation of C.-V. Mourey’s 1828 work, La Vraie Théorie des quantités négatives et des quantités prétendues imaginaires, which I consider from the perspective of algebraic reform. The thesis also contains: (i) a transcription of an unpublished paper by Hamilton on the fundamental theorem of algebra which was inspired by Mourey and (ii) new biographical information on Mourey.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrewsen
dc.subjectPeter Guthrie Taiten_US
dc.subjectC.-V. Moureyen_US
dc.subjectBishop Charles Hughes Terroten_US
dc.subjectBalfour Stewarten_US
dc.subjectJames Matthews Duncanen_US
dc.subjectJames Clerk Maxwellen_US
dc.subjectWilliam Thomson (Lord Kelvin)en_US
dc.subjectJohn Tyndall, Belfast addressen_US
dc.subjectJohn Warrenen_US
dc.subjectCargill Gilston Knotten_US
dc.subjectJoseph Gergonneen_US
dc.subjectAugustus de Morganen_US
dc.subjectSir William Rowan Hamiltonen_US
dc.subjectAdrien-Quentin Buéeen_US
dc.subjectThe unseen universeen_US
dc.subjectTait's scrapbooken_US
dc.subjectTait–Maxwell school-booken_US
dc.subjectTait's pocket notebooken_US
dc.subjectManuscripts library, Trinity College, Dublinen_US
dc.subjectEdinburgh Academyen_US
dc.subjectUniversity of Edinburghen_US
dc.subjectQueen's College, Belfasten_US
dc.subjectRoyal Society of Edinburghen_US
dc.subjectPeterhouse, University of Cambridgeen_US
dc.subjectTait memorial movementen_US
dc.subjectTait and Ronaldson family history (genealogy)en_US
dc.subjectScience versus religionen_US
dc.subjectMaterialism versus Christianityen_US
dc.subjectNineteenth century (Victorian) mathematics and natural philosophyen_US
dc.subjectTait's statistical (demographic) modelsen_US
dc.subjectTait's lawsen_US
dc.subjectFecundity, Fertility, Sterility and Allied Topicsen_US
dc.subjectDiscovery of quaternionsen_US
dc.subjectAcademical club prize competitionen_US
dc.subjectTait poetryen_US
dc.subjectFranco–Prussian War poetryen_US
dc.subjectArgand diagramen_US
dc.subjectGeometrical representation of complex numbersen_US
dc.subjectFundamental theorem of algebraen_US
dc.subjectHistory of mathematicsen_US
dc.subjectLa Vraie Théorie des quantités négatives et des quantités prétendues imaginairesen_US
dc.subjectArmand de Maizièreen_US
dc.subject.lcshTait, Peter Guthrie, 1831-1901
dc.subject.lcshMathematics--History--19th centuryen_US
dc.subject.lcshPhysicists--Great Britain--Biographyen_US
dc.subject.lcshMathematicians--Great Britain--Biographyen_US
dc.subject.lcshMourey, C. -V., fl. 1828
dc.titlePeter Guthrie Tait : new insights into aspects of his life and work : and associated topics in the history of mathematicsen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US

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