Now showing items 1-10 of 577
Reconstructing 800 years of summer temperatures in Scotland from tree rings
(2017-11) - Journal article
This study presents a summer temperature reconstruction using Scots pine tree-ring chronologies for Scotland allowing the placement of current regional temperature changes in a longer-term context. ‘Living-tree’ chronologies ...
The effects of acoustic misclassification on cetacean species abundance estimation
(2013-12-25) - Journal article
To estimate the density or abundance of a cetacean species using acoustic detection data, it is necessary to correctly identify the species that are detected. Developing an automated species classifier with 100% correct ...
Movement and biosonar behavior during prey encounters indicate that male sperm whales switch foraging strategy with depth
(2018-11-28) - Journal article
Despite their apex predator role, relatively little is known about the foraging strategies that deep-diving marine mammals employ to target prey resources available at different depths with different costs of access. Using ...
A novel Meloidogyne incognita chorismate mutase effector suppresses plant immunity by manipulating the salicylic acid pathway and functions mainly during the early stages of nematode parasitism
(2018-03-15) - Journal article
Meloidogyne incognita is the most economically important plant-parasitic nematode. M. incognita manipulates plant cell development and metabolism by injecting effectors from the esophageal glands into the plant host. ...
Gradients in predation risk in a tropical river system
(2018-04-01) - Journal article
The importance of predation risk as a key driver of evolutionary change is exemplified by the Northern Range in Trinidad, where research on guppies living in multiple parallel streams has provided invaluable insights into ...
Species richness in marine phytoplankton communities is not correlated to ecosystem productivity
(2013-08-15) - Journal article
Divergent mechanisms of acoustic mate recognition between closely related field cricket species (Teleogryllus spp.)
(2017-08) - Journal article
Effective recognition of conspecific mating signals reduces the risk of maladaptive hybridization. Dissecting the signal recognition algorithms that underlie preferences is a useful approach for testing whether closely ...
A rare exception to Haldane's rule: are X chromosomes key to hybrid incompatibilities?
(2017) - Journal article
The prevalence of Haldane’s rule suggests that sex chromosomes commonly have a key role in reproductive barriers and speciation. However, the majority of research on Haldane’s rule has been conducted in species with ...
Intragenomic conflict over dispersal
(2015-09) - Journal article
IIntragenomic conflict may arise when social partners are more related through one parent than the other, e.g. owing to individuals or gametes of one sex dispersing further prior to fertilization. In particular, genes ...
Viruses inhibit CO2 fixation in the most abundant phototrophs on Earth
(2016-06-20) - Journal article
Summary. Marine picocyanobacteria of the genera Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus are the most numerous photosynthetic organisms on our planet [1, 2]. With a global population size of 3.6 × 1027 , they are responsible ...