Now showing items 554-573 of 592 starting with V

    • Variable processing of flavours in rat STM 

      Robertson, Derek (University of St Andrews, 1985) - Thesis
      The research reported in this thesis examines factors that affect the willingness of rats to ingest novel flavour solutions. Emphasis is placed on the memorial processes assumed to underlie the decision as to whether or ...
    • Variation in hunting behaviour in neighbouring chimpanzee communities in the Budongo forest, Uganda 

      Hobaiter, Catherine; Samuni, Liran; Mullins, Caroline; Akankwasa, Walter John; Zuberbühler, Klaus (2017-06-21) - Journal article
      Hunting and sharing of meat is seen across all chimpanzee sites, with variation in prey preferences, hunting techniques, frequencies, and success rates. Here, we compared hunting and meat-eating behaviour in two adjacent ...
    • Variations in judgments of intentional action and moral evaluation across eight cultures 

      Robbins, Erin; Shepard, Jason; Rochat, Philippe (2017-07) - Journal article
      Individuals tend to judge bad side effects as more intentional than good side effects (the Knobe or side-effect effect). Here, we assessed how widespread these findings are by testing eleven adult cohorts of eight highly ...
    • Victimisation and eyewitness memory : exploring the effects of physiological and psychological factors 

      Woolnough, Penny S. (University of St Andrews, 2002) - Thesis
      This thesis presents research designed to explore the role of physiological and psychological factors in mediating the effects of victimisation upon eyewitness memory. A tripartite model of arousal and memory is proposed ...
    • Virtuous violence : a social identity approach to understanding the politics of prejudice in inter-group relations 

      Rath, Rakshi (University of St Andrews, 2016-11-30) - Thesis
      The aim of the thesis is to provide a social identity account of the politics of mobilisation: based on hatred mostly, in contrast with accounts of solidarity. The bulk of the thesis concentrates on exploring how and why ...
    • Visible spatial contiguity of social information and reward affects social learning in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella) and children (Homo sapiens) 

      Wood, Lara Amanda Natalia; Whiten, Andrew (2017-11) - Journal article
      Animal social learning is typically studied experimentally by the presentation of artificial foraging tasks. Although productive, results are often variable even for the same species. We present and test the hypothesis ...
    • Vision and visual history in elite/near-elite level cricketers and rugby-league players 

      Barratt, Brendan; Flavell, Jonathan; Bennett, Simon; Cuickshank, Alice; Manowski, Alex; Harris, Julie; Buckley, John (2017-11-10) - Journal article
      Background: The importance of optimal and/or superior vision for participation in high-level sport remains the subject of considerable clinical research interest. Here we examine the vision and visual history of elite/near-elite ...
    • Vision in-experience : investigating the interaction between the correct non-prototypical colours of colour diagnostic objects and object representation in human observers 

      Adeyefa-Olasupo, Ifedayo-Emmanuel (University of St Andrews, 2015-11-30) - Thesis
      Hering (1964) hypothesized that the representation of a familiar object, which primarily includes its prototypical colour on the visual, conceptual and lexical domains may significantly influence how human observers organize ...
    • Visual adaptation to goal-directed hand actions 

      Barraclough, Nicholas Edward; Keith, R H; Xiao, Dengke; Oram, Michael William; Perrett, David Ian (2009-09) - Journal article
      Prolonged exposure to visual stimuli, or adaptation, often results in an adaptation “aftereffect” which can profoundly distort our perception of subsequent visual stimuli. This technique has been commonly used to investigate ...
    • Visual ageing of human faces in three dimensions using morphable models and projection to latent structures 

      Hunter, David William; Tiddeman, Bernard Paul (INSTICC Press, 2009-02) - Conference item
      We present an approach to synthesising the effects of ageing on human face images using three-dimensional modelling. We extract a set of three dimensional face models from a set of two-dimensional face images by fitting a ...
    • Visual discomfort and blur 

      O'Hare, Louise; Hibbard, Paul Barry (2013-04-10) - Journal article
      Certain visual stimuli, such as striped patterns and filtered noise, have been reported to be uncomfortable. Some filtered noise patterns judged as uncomfortable are those with a relative decrease in contrast amplitude at ...
    • Visual discomfort and depth-of-field 

      O'Hare, Louise; Hibbard, Paul Barry; Zhang, Tingting; Nefs, Harold T. (2013) - Journal article
      Visual discomfort has been reported for certain visual stimuli and under particular viewing conditions, such as stereoscopic viewing. In stereoscopic viewing, visual discomfort can be caused by a conflict between accommodation ...
    • Visual processing in a primate temporal association cortex: insensitivity to self-induced motion 

      Hietanen, Jari K. (University of St Andrews, 1993) - Thesis
      An animal's own behaviour can give rise to sensory stimulation that is very similar to stimulation of completely external origin. Much of this self-induced stimulation has little informative value to the animal and may ...
    • Visual processing of pictorial and facial images in human and monkey 

      Thomas, Sharon M. (University of St Andrews, 1992) - Thesis
      Over the last two decades, the study of 'repetition effects' in behavioural and Event Related Potential (E.R.P) research has originated and added to theories of memory organisation. In this series of experiments, behavioural ...
    • Visuo-spatial working memory 

      Ralston, George Eastop (University of St Andrews, 1988) - Thesis
      This study set out to investigate the visuo-spatial component of Baddeley and Hitch's (1974) Working Memory framework. The development of our understanding of this component has been less dramatic than that of its verbal ...
    • Vocal attractiveness 

      Feinberg, David R. (University of St Andrews, 2005) - Thesis
      In this thesis, I aimed to explore vocal attractiveness from an evolutionary perspective: how listener's preferences for vocal qualities of potential partners could increase mating success and reproductive success. Chapters ...
    • Vocal combinations in guenon communication 

      Coye, Camille (University of St Andrews, 2016) - Thesis
      It is generally accepted that comparative studies on animal communication can provide insights into the coevolution of social life, vocal communication, cognitive capacities and notably the emergence of some human language ...
    • Vocal communication in bonobos (Pan paniscus) : studies in the contexts of feeding and sex 

      Clay, Zanna (University of St Andrews, 2011-06) - Thesis
      Despite having being discovered nearly 80 years ago, bonobos (Pan paniscus) are still one of the least well understood of the great apes, largely remaining in the shadow of their better known cousins, the chimpanzees (Pan ...
    • Vocal correlates of individual sooty mangabey travel speed and direction 

      Neumann, Christof; Zuberbühler, Klaus (2016-07-28) - Journal article
      Many group-living animals coordinate movements with acoustic signals, but so far most studies have focused on how group movements are initiated. In this study, we investigated movement patterns of wild sooty mangabeys ...
    • Vocal recruitment for joint travel in wild chimpanzees 

      Gruber, Thibaud; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2013-09-25) - Journal article
      Joint travel is a common social activity of many group-living animals, which requires some degree of coordination, sometimes through communication signals. Here, we studied the use of an acoustically distinct vocalisation ...