Now showing items 209-228 of 592 starting with F

    • Face evaluation : perceptual and neurophysiological responses to pro-social attributions 

      Dzhelyova, Milena (University of St Andrews, 2013-06-25) - Thesis
      The pro-sociality of humans is manifested by the existence of cooperation in levels not common with any other species. Previous studies suggest that snap judgements of individuals are enough to determine if someone is a ...
    • Factors influencing the motivational salience of faces 

      Hahn, Amanda C. (University of St Andrews, 2013) - Thesis
      My research utilizes a behavioral key-press task adapted from the classic bar-press technique employed in many rodent studies of reward to explore the incentive salience of beauty among humans. In Chapter 2, I replicate ...
    • Factors shaping social learning in chimpanzees 

      Watson, Stuart Kyle (University of St Andrews, 2018-06-29) - Thesis
      Culture is an important means by which both human and non-human animals transmit useful behaviours between individuals and generations. Amongst animals, chimpanzees live particularly varied cultural lives. However, the ...
    • Fairness and distributive justice by 3- to 5-year-old Tibetan children 

      Robbins, Erin; Starr, Steven; Rochat, Philippe (2016-04) - Journal article
      We asked whether young children raised in an environment strongly promoting compassion for others, as in the case of Tibetan Buddhism, would show less proclivity toward self-maximizing in sharing. We replicated the procedure ...
    • Fast targeted gene transfection and optogenetic modification of single neurons using femtosecond laser irradiation 

      Antkowiak, Maciej; Torres, Maria Leilani; Witts, Emily Charlotte; Miles, Gareth Brian; Dholakia, Kishan; Gunn-Moore, Frank J (2013-11-21) - Journal article
      A prevailing problem in neuroscience is the fast and targeted delivery of DNA into selected neurons. The development of an appropriate methodology would enable the transfection of multiple genes into the same cell or ...
    • Father absence and gendered traits in sons and daughters 

      Boothroyd, Lynda G.; Cross, Catharine P. (2017-07-05) - Journal article
      Research has previously found a number of apparently contradictory patterns in the relationship between ‘father absence’ (having a non-resident father during childhood) and the expression of gender roles, as well as other ...
    • Father absence, attraction and development 

      Boothroyd, Lynda (University of St Andrews, 2004) - Thesis
      Since Draper & Harpending (1982) proposed that father absence would be associated with a shift in reproductive strategy, a body of literature has accumulated supporting their claims. This thesis explores further aspects ...
    • Feeding, ranging and social organisation of the Guinea baboon 

      Sharman, Martin John (University of St Andrews, 1982) - Thesis
      Before this study, the Guinea or Western baboon, Papio papio, was almost unknown in its natural environment. This thesis reports a nineteen-month field study of two troops of P. papio carried out in south-eastern Senegal. ...
    • Female chimpanzees adjust copulation calls according to reproductive status and level of female competition 

      Fallon, Brittany Laurie Ann; Neumann, C; Byrne, Richard William; Zuberbuhler, Klaus (2016-03) - Journal article
      Female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are usually depicted as sexually submissive and bound by male coercion, because males are able to monopolize oestrous females, limiting a female's options for mate choice. We present ...
    • Female chimpanzees use copulation calls flexibly to prevent social competition 

      Townsend, Simon W.; Deschner, Tobias; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2008-06-18) - Journal article
      The adaptive function of copulation calls in female primates has been debated for years. One influential idea is that copulation calls are a sexually selected trait, which enables females to advertise their receptive state ...
    • Female putty-nosed monkeys use experimentally altered contextual information to disambiguate the cause of male alarm calls 

      Arnold, Kate; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2013-06-05) - Journal article
      Many animal vocal signals are given in a wide range of contexts which can sometimes have little in common. Yet, to respond adaptively, listeners must find ways to identify the cause of a signal, or at least rule out ...
    • First observation of Dorylus ant feeding in Budongo chimpanzees supports absence of stick-tool culture 

      Mugisha, Steven; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Hobaiter, Catherine (2016-07) - Journal article
      The use of stick- or probe-tools is a chimpanzee universal, recorded in all long-term study populations across Africa, except one: Budongo, Uganda. Here, after 25-years of observation, stick-tool use remains absent under ...
    • 'Flying while Muslim': citizenship and misrecognition in the airport 

      Blackwood, Leda Moore; Hopkins, Nick; Reicher, Stephen David (2015) - Journal article
      Contemporary analyses of citizenship emphasise the importance of being able to occupy public space in a manner that does not compromise one’s sense of self. Moreover, they foreground individuals’ active engagement with ...
    • Food cleaning in gorillas : social learning is a possibility but not a necessity 

      Neadle, Damien; Allritz, Matthias; Tennie, Claudio (2017-12-04) - Journal article
      Food cleaning is widespread in the animal kingdom, and a recent report confirmed that (amongst other behaviours) wild western lowland gorillas also show food cleaning. The authors of this report conclude that this behaviour, ...
    • Forgiving you is hard, but forgetting seems easy : can forgiveness facilitate forgetting? 

      Noreen, Saima; Bierman, Raynett; MacLeod, Malcolm David (2014-07) - Journal article
      Forgiveness is considered to play a key role in the maintenance of social relationships, the avoidance of unnecessary conflict, and the ability to move forward with one’s life. But why is it that some people find it easier ...
    • The forgotten children 

      Pollock, Linda Anne (University of St Andrews, 1981) - Thesis
      The prevailing viewpoint on the history of childhood is that: (a) there was no concept of childhood prior to the 17th century; (b) children were cruelly disciplined; (c) there was a formal parent-child relationship. The ...
    • Form and function of non-linguistic calls in human infants 

      Kersken, Verena (University of St Andrews, 2012-06-19) - Thesis
      Before infants speak their first word, they already produce a large variety of sounds. Whilst the developmental process that leads to speech production is very well documented, little attention is given to how non-linguistic ...
    • Forms of flexibility : associations between executive functions in the rat 

      Chase, E. Alexander (University of St Andrews, 2013-06-25) - Thesis
      Executive control is a vital cognitive function that facilitates the focussing and shifting of attention, planning and working towards a goal, ignoring distractions, and flexibly responding to novel situations. Disruptions ...
    • Frequency of behavior witnessed and conformity in an everyday social context 

      Claidière, N.; Bowler, M.; Brookes, S.; Brown, R.; Whiten, A. (2014-06-20) - Journal article
      Conformity is thought to be an important force in human evolution because it has the potential to stabilize cultural homogeneity within groups and cultural diversity between groups. However, the effects of such conformity ...
    • From exploitation to cooperation : social tool use in orang-utan mother-offspring dyads 

      Voelter, Christoph Johannes; Rossano, F.; Call, J. (2015-02) - Journal article
      Social manipulation represents an important aspect of human social interactions, including cooperative ones. Yet, little is known about social manipulation of conspecifics in nonhuman great apes. We investigated how ...