Now showing items 869-888 of 935

  • The validation of a computer-based food record for older adults : the Novel Assessment of Nutrition and Ageing (NANA) method 

    Timon, Claire M.; Astell, Arlene J.; Hwang, Faustina; Adlam, Tim D.; Smith, Tom; Maclean, Lin; Spurr, Daynor; Forster, Sarah E.; Williams, Elizabeth A. (2015-02-28) - Journal article
    Dietary assessment in older adults can be challenging. The Novel Assessment of Nutrition and Ageing (NANA) method is a touch-screen computer-based food record that enables older adults to record their dietary intakes. The ...
  • Variable processing of flavours in rat STM 

    Robertson, Derek (University of St Andrews, 1985) - Thesis
    The research reported in this thesis examines factors that affect the willingness of rats to ingest novel flavour solutions. Emphasis is placed on the memorial processes assumed to underlie the decision as to whether or ...
  • Variation in hunting behaviour in neighbouring chimpanzee communities in the Budongo forest, Uganda 

    Hobaiter, Catherine; Samuni, Liran; Mullins, Caroline; Akankwasa, Walter John; Zuberbühler, Klaus (2017-06-21) - Journal article
    Hunting and sharing of meat is seen across all chimpanzee sites, with variation in prey preferences, hunting techniques, frequencies, and success rates. Here, we compared hunting and meat-eating behaviour in two adjacent ...
  • Variations in judgments of intentional action and moral evaluation across eight cultures 

    Robbins, Erin; Shepard, Jason; Rochat, Philippe (2017-07) - Journal article
    Individuals tend to judge bad side effects as more intentional than good side effects (the Knobe or side-effect effect). Here, we assessed how widespread these findings are by testing eleven adult cohorts of eight highly ...
  • Vervet monkeys greet adult males during high-risk situations 

    Mercier, Stéphanie; Neumann, Christof; van de Waal, Erica; Chollet, Emmeline; de Bellefon, Jade Meric; Zuberbuhler, Klaus (2017-10) - Journal article
    Many animal species produce ritualized signals during dyadic encounters but the functions of such ‘greeting’ behaviour vary considerably, or are often unknown. One established function is to acknowledge existing dominance ...
  • Victimisation and eyewitness memory : exploring the effects of physiological and psychological factors 

    Woolnough, Penny S. (University of St Andrews, 2002) - Thesis
    This thesis presents research designed to explore the role of physiological and psychological factors in mediating the effects of victimisation upon eyewitness memory. A tripartite model of arousal and memory is proposed ...
  • Virtuous violence : a social identity approach to understanding the politics of prejudice in inter-group relations 

    Rath, Rakshi (University of St Andrews, 2016-11-30) - Thesis
    The aim of the thesis is to provide a social identity account of the politics of mobilisation: based on hatred mostly, in contrast with accounts of solidarity. The bulk of the thesis concentrates on exploring how and why ...
  • Visible spatial contiguity of social information and reward affects social learning in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella) and children (Homo sapiens) 

    Wood, Lara Amanda Natalia; Whiten, Andrew (2017-11) - Journal article
    Animal social learning is typically studied experimentally by the presentation of artificial foraging tasks. Although productive, results are often variable even for the same species. We present and test the hypothesis ...
  • Vision and visual history in elite/near-elite level cricketers and rugby-league players 

    Barratt, Brendan; Flavell, Jonathan; Bennett, Simon; Cuickshank, Alice; Manowski, Alex; Harris, Julie; Buckley, John (2017-11-10) - Journal article
    Background: The importance of optimal and/or superior vision for participation in high-level sport remains the subject of considerable clinical research interest. Here we examine the vision and visual history of elite/near-elite ...
  • Vision in-experience : investigating the interaction between the correct non-prototypical colours of colour diagnostic objects and object representation in human observers 

    Adeyefa-Olasupo, Ifedayo-Emmanuel (University of St Andrews, 2015-11-30) - Thesis
    Hering (1964) hypothesized that the representation of a familiar object, which primarily includes its prototypical colour on the visual, conceptual and lexical domains may significantly influence how human observers organize ...
  • Visual adaptation to goal-directed hand actions 

    Barraclough, Nicholas Edward; Keith, R H; Xiao, Dengke; Oram, Michael William; Perrett, David Ian (2009-09) - Journal article
    Prolonged exposure to visual stimuli, or adaptation, often results in an adaptation “aftereffect” which can profoundly distort our perception of subsequent visual stimuli. This technique has been commonly used to investigate ...
  • Visual ageing of human faces in three dimensions using morphable models and projection to latent structures 

    Hunter, David William; Tiddeman, Bernard Paul (INSTICC Press, 2009-02) - Conference item
    We present an approach to synthesising the effects of ageing on human face images using three-dimensional modelling. We extract a set of three dimensional face models from a set of two-dimensional face images by fitting a ...
  • Visual discomfort and blur 

    O'Hare, Louise; Hibbard, Paul Barry (2013-04-10) - Journal article
    Certain visual stimuli, such as striped patterns and filtered noise, have been reported to be uncomfortable. Some filtered noise patterns judged as uncomfortable are those with a relative decrease in contrast amplitude at ...
  • Visual discomfort and depth-of-field 

    O'Hare, Louise; Hibbard, Paul Barry; Zhang, Tingting; Nefs, Harold T. (2013) - Journal article
    Visual discomfort has been reported for certain visual stimuli and under particular viewing conditions, such as stereoscopic viewing. In stereoscopic viewing, visual discomfort can be caused by a conflict between accommodation ...
  • Visual discomfort and the spatial distribution of Fourier energy 

    Penacchio, Olivier; Wilkins, Arnold (2015-03) - Journal article
    Quite independently of what they represent, some images provoke discomfort, and even headaches and seizures in susceptible individuals. The visual system has adapted to efficiently process the images it typically experiences, ...
  • Visual processing in a primate temporal association cortex: insensitivity to self-induced motion 

    Hietanen, Jari K. (University of St Andrews, 1993) - Thesis
    An animal's own behaviour can give rise to sensory stimulation that is very similar to stimulation of completely external origin. Much of this self-induced stimulation has little informative value to the animal and may ...
  • Visual processing of pictorial and facial images in human and monkey 

    Thomas, Sharon M. (University of St Andrews, 1992) - Thesis
    Over the last two decades, the study of 'repetition effects' in behavioural and Event Related Potential (E.R.P) research has originated and added to theories of memory organisation. In this series of experiments, behavioural ...
  • Visual system integrity and cognition in early Huntington's disease 

    Wolf, Robert C; Sambataro, Fabio; Vasic, Nenad; Baldas, Eva-Maria; Ratheiser, Iris; Landwehrmeyer, G Bernhard; Depping, Malte S; Thomann, Philipp A; Sprengelmeyer, Reiner Heinrich; Süssmuth, Sigurd S; Orth, Michael (2014-07) - Journal article
    Posterior cortical volume changes and abnormal visuomotor performance are present in patients with Huntington's disease (HD). However, it is unclear whether posterior cortical volume loss contributes to abnormal neural ...
  • Visuo-spatial working memory 

    Ralston, George Eastop (University of St Andrews, 1988) - Thesis
    This study set out to investigate the visuo-spatial component of Baddeley and Hitch's (1974) Working Memory framework. The development of our understanding of this component has been less dramatic than that of its verbal ...
  • Vocal attractiveness 

    Feinberg, David R. (University of St Andrews, 2005) - Thesis
    In this thesis, I aimed to explore vocal attractiveness from an evolutionary perspective: how listener's preferences for vocal qualities of potential partners could increase mating success and reproductive success. Chapters ...