Now showing items 545-564 of 933

  • Nasal temperature drop in response to a playback of conspecific fights in chimpanzees : a thermo-imaging study 

    Kano, Fumihiro; Hirata, Satoshi; Deschner, Tobias; Behringer, Verena; Call, Josep (2016-03-01) - Journal article
    Emotion is one of the central topics in animal studies and is likely to attract attention substantially in the coming years. Recent studies have developed a thermo-imaging technique to measure the facial skin temperature ...
  • The nature of culture : an eight-grade model for the evolution and expansion of cultural capacities in hominins and other animals 

    Haidle, M.N.; Bolus, M.; Collard, M.; Conard, N.J.; Garofoli, D.; Lombard, M.; Nowell, A.; Tennie, C.; Whiten, A. (2015-07-01) - Journal article
    Tracing the evolution of human culture through time is arguably one of the most controversial and complex scholarly endeavors, and a broad evolutionary analysis of how symbolic, linguistic, and cultural capacities emerged ...
  • The nature of prosociality in chimpanzees 

    Tennie, Claudio; Jensen, Keith; Call, Josep (2016-12-20) - Journal article
    An important debate centres around the nature of prosociality in nonhuman primates. Chimpanzees help other individuals in some experimental settings, yet they do not readily share food. One solution to this paradox is that ...
  • The nervous control of the eye movements of the shore crab Carcinus maenas 

    Sandeman, D. C. (University of St Andrews, 1964) - Thesis
    1. The eyes of the crab Carcinus follow with constantly increasing lag the movement of a horizontally rotating (but not a linearly translated) visual field during the slow phase of optokinetic nystagmus. The difference ...
  • Neural and behavioral responses to attractiveness in adult and infant faces 

    Hahn, Amanda C; Perrett, David I (2014-10) - Journal article
    Facial attractiveness provides a very powerful motivation for sexual and parental behavior. We therefore review the importance of faces to the study of neurobiological control of human reproductive motivations. For ...
  • Neural correlates of direct and indirect suppression of autobiographical memories 

    Noreen, Saima; O'Connor, Akira Robert; MacLeod, Malcolm David (2016-03-18) - Journal article
    Research indicates that there are two possible mechanisms by which particular target memories can be intentionally forgotten. Direct suppression, which involves the suppression of the unwanted memory directly, and is ...
  • Neural correlates of nesting behavior in zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) 

    Hall, Z.J.; Bertin, M.; Bailey, I.E.; Meddle, S.L.; Healy, S.D. (2014-05-01) - Journal article
    Nest building in birds involves a behavioral sequence (nest material collection and deposition in the nest) that offers a unique model for addressing how the brain sequences motor actions. In this study, we identified brain ...
  • Neural mechanisms of executive function : the role of the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus and medial prefrontal cortex in delayed spatial win-shift behaviour in the rat 

    Taylor, Claire L. (University of St Andrews, 2002) - Thesis
    The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) has been argued to be involved in mediating neural processing relating to executive functions (Winn, 1998). Since it shares connections with fronto-striatal circuitry this ...
  • A neurodynamical model of brightness induction in V1 

    Penacchio, Olivier; Otazu, Xavier; Dempere-Marco, Laura (2013-05-22) - Journal article
    Brightness induction is the modulation of the perceived intensity of an area by the luminance of surrounding areas. Recent neurophysiological evidence suggests that brightness information might be explicitly represented ...
  • A neuroeconomic investigation of risky decision-making and loss in the rat 

    Wheeler Huttunen, Annamarie (University of St Andrews, 2016-06) - Thesis
    Humans exhibit a number of suboptimal behaviours in the wake of a loss. For example, gamblers often ‘chase’ their losses in an attempt to break even. Similarly, investors tend to hold on to losing stocks too long in the ...
  • The neurophysiology of form and motion processing in the temporal lobe of the macaque monkey 

    Oram, Mike W. (University of St Andrews, 1995) - Thesis
    Consideration of available evidence suggests that primate vision utilises two parallel cortical pathways to process visual information. The ventral pathway processes form or shape information, while the dorsal pathway ...
  • The neuropsychology of first impressions: evidence from Huntington’s disease 

    Sprengelmeyer, Reiner H.; Young, Andrew W.; Baldas, Eva-Maria; Ratheiser, Iris; Sutherland, Clare A. M.; Müller, Hans-Peter; Grön, Georg; Süssmuth, Sigurd D.; Landwehrmeyer, G. Bernhard; Orth, Michael (2016-12) - Journal article
    Impairments of emotion recognition have been widely documented in Huntington's disease (HD), but little is known concerning how these relate to other aspects of social cognition, including first impressions of traits such ...
  • New Caledonian crows rapidly solve a collaborative problem without cooperative cognition 

    Jelbert, Sarah A.; Singh, Puja Jolly; Gray, Russell D.; Taylor, Alex H. (2015-08-12) - Journal article
    There is growing comparative evidence that the cognitive bases of cooperation are not unique to humans. However, the selective pressures that lead to the evolution of these mechanisms remain unclear. Here we show that while ...
  • A new metric for probability distributions 

    Endres, Dominik Maria; Schindelin, J E (2003-07) - Journal article
    We introduce a metric for probability distributions, which is bounded, information-theoretically motivated, and has a natural Bayesian interpretation. The square root of the well-known chi(2) distance is an asymptotic ...
  • Nitric oxide-mediated modulation of the murine locomotor network 

    Foster, Joshua David; Dunford, Catherine; Sillar, Keith Thomas; Miles, Gareth Brian (2014-02) - Journal article
    Spinal motor control networks are regulated by neuromodulatory systems to allow adaptability of movements. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the modulation of mammalian spinal locomotor ...
  • No evidence for contagious yawning in lemurs 

    Reddy, Rachna B.; Krupenye, Christopher; MacLean, Evan L.; Hare, Brian (2016-09-01) - Journal article
    Among some haplorhine primates, including humans, relaxed yawns spread contagiously. Such contagious yawning has been linked to social bonds and empathy in some species. However, no studies have investigated contagious ...
  • Noise and Correlations in Parallel Perceptual Decision Making 

    Otto, Thomas; Mamassian, Pascal (2012-08-07) - Journal article
    Perceptual decisions involve the accumulation of sensory evidence over time, a process that is corrupted by noise [1]. Here, we extend the decision-making framework to crossmodal research [2, 3] and the parallel processing ...
  • Non-goal directed recall of specific events in apes after long delays 

    Lewis, Amy; Call, Josep; Bernsten, Dorthe (2017-07-12) - Journal article
    We examined if apes spontaneously remember one-time, distinctive events across long delays when probed by discriminant cues. Apes witnessed an experimenter hide a cache of food, which they could then retrieve. They retrieved ...
  • Normal patterns of deja experience in a healthy, blind male : Challenging optical pathway delay theory 

    O'Connor, Akira R.; Moulin, Christopher J. A. (2006-12) - Journal article
    We report the case of a 25-year-old healthy, blind male, MT, who experiences normal patterns of deja vu. The optical pathway delay theory of deja vu formation assumes that neuronal input from the optical pathways is necessary ...
  • Novel insights into false recollection : A model of déjà vécu 

    O'Connor, Akira Robert; Lever, Colin; Moulin, Chris (2010) - Journal article
    The thesis of this paper is that deja experiences can be separated into two forms: deja vu, arising from the erroneous sensation of familiarity, and deja vecu, arising from the erroneous sensation of recollection. We ...