Now showing items 503-522 of 933

  • Machiavellian Intelligence retrospective 

    Byrne, Richard W. (2018-11-18) - Journal article
    Thirty years on from the publication of Machiavellian Intelligence (Byrne & Whiten, 1988), it is time to consider how the ideas in it have influenced understanding of the evolution of intelligence, how they have been tested ...
  • Maintaining personhood and self-image in dementia : an exploration of collaborative communication 

    Ellis, Maggie P. (University of St Andrews, 2009) - Thesis
    The main aim of this thesis was to explore the maintenance of personhood and self-image in dementia by way of facilitating collaborative communication between people with dementia and their caregivers/interaction partners. ...
  • The maker not the tool: The cognitive significance of great ape manual skills 

    Byrne, RW (Mcdonald Institute, 2005) - Book item
    Tool-use by chimpanzees has attracted disproportionate attention among primatologists, because of an understandable wish to understand the evolutionary origins of hominin tool use. In archaeology and paleoanthropology, a ...
  • The manual skills and cognition that lie behind hominid tool use 

    Byrne, RW (Cambridge University Press, 2004) - Book item
    Tool use is an important aspect of being human that has assumed a central place in accounts of the evolutionary origins of human intelligence. This has inevitably focused a spotlight on any signs of tool use or manufacture ...
  • Mapping moral motives : Approach, avoidance, and political orientation 

    Janoff-Bulman, Ronnie; Sheikh, Sana; Baldacci, Kate (2008-07) - Journal article
    Recent critiques of moral psychology and the contemporary culture wars highlight the need for a better understanding of diverse moral perspectives. A model of moral motives is proposed. The fundamental approach-avoidance ...
  • A marker of biological age explains individual variation in the strength of the adult stress response 

    Andrews, Clare; Nettle, Daniel; Larriva, Maria; Gillespie, Robert; Reichert, Sophie; Brilot, Ben O.; Bedford, Thomas; Monaghan, Pat; Spencer, Karen A.; Bateson, Melissa (2017-09-27) - Journal article
    The acute stress response functions to prioritize behavioural and physiological processes that maximize survival in the face of immediate threat. There is variation between individuals in the strength of the adult stress ...
  • Masculinity and sexual coercion : a paradoxical relationship 

    Muir, Grant (University of St Andrews, 2003) - Thesis
    Previous work on masculinity and sexual coercion has proposed either that sexual coercion is an expression of a traditional ideology of masculinity, or that sexual coercion is a resource in the construction of masculinity. ...
  • Meaning, sociality and dialog in bonobo (Pan paniscus) gestural communication : an observational study at the Milwaukee County Zoo 

    Orr, Elizabeth (University of St Andrews, 2014-04) - Thesis
    Apes use gestures in an intentional and highly flexible manner. It has been proposed that human language originated in gestural communication and therefore ape gestures have been of great interest to primatologists and ...
  • Meaningful call combinations in a non-human primate 

    Arnold, Kate; Zuberbuhler, Klaus (2008-03-11) - Journal article
    Human speech is based on rule-governed assemblage of morphemes into more complex vocal expressions. Free-ranging putty-nosed monkeys (Cercopithecus nictitans) provide an interesting analogy, because males combine two loud ...
  • The meanings of chimpanzee gestures 

    Hobaiter, Cat; Byrne, Richard William (2014) - Journal article
  • Mechanisms underlying the activity dependent regulation of locomotor network performance by the Na+ pump 

    Zhang, Hong Yan; Picton, Laurence David; Li, Wenchang; Sillar, Keith Thomas (2015-11-06) - Journal article
    Activity-dependent modification of neural network output usually results from changes in neurotransmitter release and/or membrane conductance. In Xenopus frog tadpoles, spinal locomotor network output is adapted by an ...
  • Mechanisms underlying the endogenous dopaminergic inhibition of spinal locomotor circuit function in Xenopus tadpoles 

    Picton, Laurence David; Sillar, Keith Thomas (2016-10-20) - Journal article
    Dopamine plays important roles in the development and modulation of motor control circuits. Here we show that dopamine exerts potent effects on the central pattern generator circuit controlling locomotory swimming in ...
  • Mechanosensory stimulation evokes acute concussion-like behaviour by activating GIRKs coupled to muscarinic receptors in a simple vertebrate 

    Li, Wenchang; Zhu, Xiao-Yue; Ritson, Emma (2017-04) - Journal article
    Most vertebrates show concussion responses when their heads are hit suddenly by heavy objects. Previous studies have focused on the direct physical injuries to the neural tissue caused by the concussive blow. We study a ...
  • Memory and consciousness 

    O'Connor, Akira Robert; Moulin, Chris; Cohen, Gillian (Psychology Press, 2008) - Book item
  • Memory inhibition across the lifespan 

    Teale, Julia C. (University of St Andrews, 2015-06-23) - Thesis
    Age can affect memory performance. This statement is so often heard that it has become almost a truism. When research surrounding memory inhibition – the ability to ignore irrelevant material to aid in the retrieval of a ...
  • Men's facial masculinity : when (body) size matters 

    Holzleitner, Iris Jasmin; Hunter, David William; Tiddeman, Bernard; Seck, Alassane; Re, Daniel Edward; Perrett, David Ian (2014-11-24) - Journal article
    Recent studies suggest that judgments of facial masculinity reflect more than sexually dimorphic shape. Here, we investigated whether the perception of masculinity is influenced by facial cues to body height and weight. ...
  • Men's strategic preferences for femininity in female faces 

    Little, Anthony C.; Jones, Ben C.; Feinberg, David R.; Perrett, David Ian (2014-08) - Journal article
    Several evolutionarily relevant sources of individual differences in face preference have been documented for women. Here, we examine three such sources of individual variation in men's preference for female facial femininity: ...
  • Menstrual cycle phase affects discrimination of infant cuteness 

    Lobmaier, J.S.; Probst, F.; Perrett, D.I.; Heinrichs, M. (2015-04) - Journal article
    Recent studies have shown that women are more sensitive than men to subtle cuteness differences in infant faces. It has been suggested that raised levels in estradiol and progesterone may be responsible for this advantage. ...
  • Metamodulation of a spinal locomotor network by nitric oxide 

    McLean, DL; Sillar, Keith Thomas (2004-10-27) - Journal article
    Flexibility in the output of spinal networks can be accomplished by the actions of neuromodulators; however, little is known about how the process of neuromodulation itself may be modulated. Here we investigate the potential ...
  • Mineral acquisition from clay by Budongo Forest chimpanzees 

    Reynolds, Vernon; Lloyd, Andrew W.; English, Christopher J.; Lyons, Peter; Dodd, Howard; Hobaiter, Catherine; Newton-Fisher, Nicholas; Mullins, Caroline; Lamon, Noemie; Schel, Anne Marijke; Fallon, Brittany (2015-07-28) - Journal article
    Chimpanzees of the Sonso community, Budongo Forest, Uganda were observed eating clay and drinking clay-water from waterholes. We show that clay, clay-rich water, and clay obtained with leaf sponges, provide a range of ...