Now showing items 473-492 of 933

  • La flexibilité et l’intentionnalité de la communication gestuelle chez les grands singes 

    Hobaiter, Cat; Byrne, Richard William (2014-04-13) - Journal article
    La communication gestuelle des grands singes est un système riche et complexe. Elle est utilisée de manière flexible dans l’intention de communiquer des objectifs précis à des individus particuliers - en tant que telle, ...
  • Labels facilitate infants' comparison of action goals 

    Gerson, Sarah; Woodward, Amanda (2014) - Journal article
    Understanding the actions of others depends on the insight that these actions are structured by intentional relations. In a number of conceptual domains, comparison with familiar instances has been shown to support children's ...
  • Lack of conformity to new local dietary preferences in migrating captive chimpanzees 

    Vale, Gillian L.; Davis, Sarah J.; van de Waal, Erica; Schapiro, Steven J.; Lambeth, Susan P.; Whiten, Andrew (2017-02) - Journal article
    Conformity to the behavioural preferences of others can have powerful effects on intra-group behavioural homogeneity in humans, but evidence in animals remains minimal. In this study, we took advantage of circumstances in ...
  • Lack of prosociality in great apes, capuchin monkeys and spider monkeys : convergent evidence from two different food distribution tasks 

    Amici, Federica; Visalberghi, Elisabetta; Call, Josep (2014-10-22) - Journal article
    Prosociality can be defined as any behaviour performed to alleviate the needs of others or to improve their welfare. Prosociality has probably played an essential role in the evolution of cooperative behaviour and several ...
  • Lasing in live mitotic and non-phagocytic cells by efficient delivery of microresonators 

    Schubert, Marcel; Volckaert, Klara; Karl, Markus; Morton, Andrew; Liehm, Philipp; Miles, Gareth Brian; Powis, Simon John; Gather, Malte Christian (2017-01-19) - Journal article
    Reliable methods to individually track large numbers of cells in real time are urgently needed to advance our understanding of important biological processes like cancer metastasis, neuronal network development and wound ...
  • Late presentation with HIV in Africa : phenotypes, risk, and risk stratification in the REALITY trial 

    Siika, Abraham; McCabe, Leanne; Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Mutsa; Kityo, Cissy; Mallewa, Jane; Berkley, Jay; Maitland, Kath; Griffiths, Anna; Baleeta, Keith; Mudzingwa, Shepherd; Abach, James; Nathoo, Kusum; Thomason, Margaret J.; Prendergast, Andrew J.; Walker, Ann Sarah; Gibb, Diana M.; Mugyenyi, P.; Kityo, C.; Musiime, V.; Wavamunno, P.; Nambi, E.; Ocitti, P.; Ndigendawani, M.; Kemigisa, M.; Acen, J.; Olebo, D.; Mpamize, G.; Amone, A.; Okweny, D.; Mbonye, A.; Nambaziira, F.; Rweyora, A.; Kangah, M.; Kabaswahili, V.; Abach, J.; Abongomera, G.; Omongin, J.; Aciro, I.; Philliam, A.; Arach, B.; Ocung, E.; Amone, G.; Miles, P.; Adong, C.; Tumsuiime, C.; Kidega, P.; Otto, B.; Apio, F.; Baleeta, K.; O'Hare, B. (2018-04-01) - Journal article
    Background. Severely immunocompromised human immunodefciency virus (HIV)-infected individuals have high mortality shortly afer starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated predictors of early mortality and "late ...
  • Lateral entorhinal cortex is critical for novel object-context recognition 

    Wilson, David Ian Greig; Langston, Rosamund F.; Schlesiger, Magdalene I.; Wagner, Monica; Watanabe, Sakurako; Ainge, James Alexander (2013-02) - Journal article
    Episodic memory incorporates information about specific events or occasions including spatial locations and the contextual features of the environment in which the event took place. It has been modeled in rats using ...
  • Lateral entorhinal cortex is necessary for associative but not nonassociative recognition memory 

    Wilson, David Ian Greig; Watanabe, Sakurako; Milner, Helen Louise; Ainge, James Alexander (2013-12) - Journal article
    The lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC) provides one of the two major input pathways to the hippocampus and has been suggested to process the nonspatial contextual details of episodic memory. Combined with spatial information ...
  • Lateral entorhinal cortex lesions impair local spatial frameworks 

    Kuruvilla, Maneesh; Ainge, James Alexander (2017-05-17) - Journal article
    A prominent theory in the neurobiology of memory processing is that episodic memory is supported by contextually gated spatial representations in the hippocampus formed by combining spatial information from medial entorhinal ...
  • Laterality in the gestural communication of wild chimpanzees 

    Hobaiter, Cat; Byrne, Richard William (2013) - Journal article
    e examined hand preference in the intentional gestural communication of wild chimpanzees in the Budongo forest, Uganda. Individuals showed some tendency to be lateralized, although less than has been reported for begging ...
  • Learning ability is unaffected by isolation rearing in a family-living lizard 

    Riley, Julia L.; Küchler, Anna; Damasio, Théo; Noble, Daniel W.A.; Byrne, Richard W.; Whiting, Martin J. (2018-02-01) - Journal article
    The social environment during development can affect learning; for example, raising an obligate social mammal in isolation can hinder their learning ability. However, we know little about how the social environment impacts ...
  • Learning behaviour and learning outcomes : the roles for social influence and field of study 

    Smyth, Lillian; Mavor, Kenneth I.; Platow, Michael J. (2017-03) - Journal article
    Research has demonstrated a significant role of discipline social identification in predicting learning approaches, even controlling for individual differences. Smyth et al. (Educ Psychol 35(1):53–72, 2015. doi:10.1080/0 ...
  • Learning from their own actions : the unique effect of producing actions on infants’ action understanding 

    Gerson, Sarah; Woodward, Amanda (2014-02) - Journal article
    Prior research suggests that infants' action production affects their action understanding, but little is known about the aspects of motor experience that render these effects. In Study 1, the relative contributions of ...
  • Learning how to learn : the development of memory in 3-6 year-olds 

    Whittaker, Stephen (University of St Andrews, 1984) - Thesis
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the development of children's ability to make use of external sources of information when they are studying or remembering different types of information. More specifically, ...
  • Learning to focus and focusing to learn : more than a cortical trick 

    Dhawan, Sandeep Sonny (University of St Andrews, 2018-12-06) - Thesis
    The consequence of many psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease and schizophrenia, is an impairment in ‘executive functioning’; an umbrella term for several cognitive processes, including ...
  • Learning to use illumination gradients as an unambiguous cue to three dimensional shape 

    Harding, Glen; Harris, Julie; Bloj, Marina (2012-04-30) - Journal article
    The luminance and colour gradients across an image are the result of complex interactions between object shape, material and illumination. Using such variations to infer object shape or surface colour is therefore a difficult ...
  • A leptin fragment mirrors the cognitive enhancing and neuroprotective actions of leptin 

    Malekizadeh, Yasaman; Holiday, Alison; Redfearn, Devon; Ainge, James A.; Doherty, Gayle; Harvey, Jenni (2017-10-01) - Journal article
    A key pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is amyloid β (Aβ) accumulation which triggers synaptic impairments and neuronal death. Metabolic disruption is common in AD and recent evidence implicates impaired leptin function ...
  • Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts 

    Wilson, Michael L.; Boesch, Christophe; Fruth, Barbara; Furuichi, Takeshi; Gilby, Ian C.; Hashimoto, Chie; Hobaiter, Cat; Hohmann, Gottfried; Itoh, Noriko; Koops, Kathelijne; Lloyd, Julia N.; Matsuzawa, Tetsuro; Mitani, John C.; Mjungu, Deus C.; Morgan, David; Muller, Martin N.; Mundry, Roger; Nakamura, Michio; Pruetz, Jill; Pusey, Anne E.; Riedel, Julia; Sanz, Crickette; Schel, Anne Marijke; Simmons, Nicole; Waller, Michel; Watts, David P.; White, Frances; Wittig, Roman Martin; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Wrangham, Richard W. (2014-09-18) - Journal item
    Observations of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) provide valuable comparative data for understanding the significance of conspecific killing. Two kinds of hypothesis have been proposed. Lethal ...
  • Leveraging everyday technology for people living with dementia : a case study 

    Astell, Arlene Jean; Malone, B.; Williams, G.; Hwang, F.; Ellis, Maggie (2014-12-09) - Journal article
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the self-described “journey” of a person with dementia (Brian; author 3) in his re-learning of old technologies and learning of new ones and the impact this had on his life. ...
  • Light activated escape circuits : a behavior and neurophysiology lab module using Drosophila optogenetics 

    Titlow, Joshua S.; Johnson, Bruce R.; Pulver, Stefan R. (2015-07-07) - Journal article
    The neural networks that control escape from predators often show very clear relationships between defined sensory inputs and stereotyped motor outputs. This feature provides unique opportunities for researchers, but it ...