Now showing items 72-91 of 942

  • A bias-corrected exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of right-wing authoritarianism : Support for a three-factor structure 

    Mavor, Kenneth I.; Louis, Winnifred R.; Sibley, Chris G. (2010-01) - Journal article
    The factor structure of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) remains a contentious issue. Although designed to measure three underlying attitude clusters, aggression, submission and conventionalism, many items are deliberately ...
  • Bidding evidence for primate vocal learning and the cultural substrates for speech evolution 

    Lameira, Adriano R. (2017-12) - Journal item
    Speech evolution seems to defy scientific explanation. Progress on this front has been jammed in an entrenched orthodoxy about what great apes can and (mostly) cannot do vocally, an idea epitomized by the Kuypers/Jürgens ...
  • Bifurcations of limit cycles in a reduced model of the Xenopus tadpole central pattern generator 

    Ferrario, Andrea; Merrison-Hort, Robert; Soffe, Stephen R.; Li, Wen-Chang; Borisyuk, Roman (2018-07-18) - Journal article
    We present the study of a minimal microcircuit controlling locomotion in two-day-old Xenopus tadpoles. During swimming, neurons in the spinal central pattern generator (CPG) generate anti-phase oscillations between left ...
  • Binocular vision and three-dimensional motion perception : the use of changing disparity and inter-ocular velocity differences 

    Grafton, Catherine E. (University of St Andrews, 2011-06-22) - Thesis
    This thesis investigates the use of binocular information for motion-in-depth (MID) perception. There are at least two different types of binocular information available to the visual system from which to derive a perception ...
  • Birds build camouflaged nests 

    Bailey, Ida Elizabeth; Muth, Felicity; Morgan, Kate; Meddle, Simone L.; Healy, Susan Denise (2015-01) - Journal article
    It is assumed that many birds attempt to conceal their nests by using camouflage. To our knowledge, however, no previous experimental studies have explicitly tested this assumption. To explore whether birds choose materials ...
  • Blinded by beauty: attractiveness bias and accurate perceptions of academic performance 

    Talamas, Sean; Mavor, Kenneth Ian; Perrett, David Ian (2016-02-17) - Journal article
    Despite the old adage not to ‘judge a book by its cover’, facial cues often guide first impressions and these first impressions guide our decisions. Literature suggests there are valid facial cues that assist us in assessing ...
  • Bonobo and chimpanzee gestures overlap extensively in meaning 

    Graham, Kirsty E.; Hobaiter, Catherine; Ounsley, James; Furuichi, Takeshi; Byrne, Richard W. (2018-02-27) - Journal article
    Cross-species comparison of great ape gesturing has so far been limited to the physical form of gestures in the repertoire, without questioning whether gestures share the same meanings. Researchers have recently catalogued ...
  • Bonobos (Pan paniscus) vocally protest against violations of social expectations 

    Clay, Susanna Elizabeth Valerie; Ravaux, Lucie; de Waal, Frans B. M.; Zuberbuhler, Klaus (2016-02) - Journal article
    Research has shown that great apes possess certain expectations about social regularities and both perceive and act according to social rules within their group. During natural and experimentally induced contexts, such as ...
  • Bonobos extract meaning from call sequences 

    Clay, Zanna; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2011-04-27) - Journal article
    Studies on language-trained bonobos have revealed their remarkable abilities in representational and communication tasks. Surprisingly, however, corresponding research into their natural communication has largely been ...
  • Bonobos modify communication signals according to recipient familiarity 

    Genty, Emilie; Neumann, Christof; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2015-11-10) - Journal article
    Human and nonhuman primate communication differs in various ways. In particular, humans base communicative efforts on mutual knowledge and conventions shared between interlocutors. In this study, we experimentally tested ...
  • Bonobos prefer individuals that hinder others over those that help 

    Krupenye, Christopher; Hare, Brian (2018-01-22) - Journal article
    Humans closely monitor others’ cooperative relationships [1, 2]. Children and adults willingly incur costs to reward helpers and punish non-helpers—even as bystanders [3, 4, 5]. Already by 3 months, infants favor individuals ...
  • Bonobos voluntarily hand food to others but not toys or tools 

    Krupenye, Christopher; Tan, Jingzhi; Hare, Brian (2018-09-12) - Journal article
    A key feature of human prosociality is direct transfers, the most active form of sharing in which donors voluntarily hand over resources in their possession. Direct transfers buffer hunter-gatherers against foraging ...
  • Book Review - Delete: The virtue of forgetting in the digital age 

    O'Connor, Akira Robert (2012-10) - Journal item
  • Building intentional action knowledge with one’s hands 

    Gerson, Sarah; Woodward, Amanda (Oxford University Press, 2009-11-25) - Book item
  • Building trust in a postconflict society : an integrative model of cross-group friendship and intergroup emotions 

    Kenworthy, Jared Bowden; Voci, Alberto; Al Ramiah, Anathi; Tausch, Nicole; Hughes, Joanne; Hewstone, Miles (2016-09) - Journal article
    Across one longitudinal and two cross-sectional surveys in Northern Ireland, we tested a model of intergroup relations in which out-group attitudes and behavioral tendencies are predicted by cross-group friendship and ...
  • The built environment and its patterns : a view from the vision sciences 

    Wilkins, Arnold J.; Penacchio, Olivier; Leonards, Ute (2018-11-22) - Journal article
    Visual patterns are all around us. Despite overwhelming evidence from the visual sciences that some visual patterns, in particular highly-geometric and repetitive patterns, can be aversive, patterns in our visual environment ...
  • C9ORF72 repeat expansion causes vulnerability of motor neurons to Ca2+-permeable AMPA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity 

    Thangaraj Selvaraj, Bhuvaneish; Livesey, Matthew; Zhao, Chen; Gregory, Jenna; James, Owain; Cleary, Elaine; Chouhan, Amit Kumar; Gane, Angus; Perkins, Emma; Dando, Owen; Lillico, Simon; Lee, Youn-Bok; Nishimura, Agnes; Poreci, Urjana; Thankamony, Sai; Pray, Meryll; Vasistha, Navneet; Magnani, Dario; Borooah, Shyamanga; Burr, Karen; Story, David; McCampbell, Alexander; Shaw, Christopher; Kind, Peter; Aitman, Timothy J.; Whitelaw, Bruce; Wilmut, Ian; Smith, Colin; Miles, Gareth B.; Hardingham, Giles; Wyllie, David; Chandran, Siddharthan (2018-01-24) - Journal article
    Mutations in C9ORF72 are the most common cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here, through a combination of RNA-seq and electrophysiological studies on induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived motor ...
  • Call cultures in orang-utans? 

    Wich, Serge A.; Krützen, Michael; Lameira, Adriano R.; Nater, Alexander; Arora, Natasha; Bastian, Meredith L.; Meulman, Ellen; Morrogh-Bernard, Helen C.; Utami Atmoko, S. Suci; Pamungkas, Joko; Perwitasari-Farajallah, Dyah; Hardus, Madeleine E.; van Noordwijk, Maria; van Schaik, Carel P. (2012-05-07) - Journal article
    Background: Several studies suggested great ape cultures, arguing that human cumulative culture presumably evolved from such a foundation. These focused on conspicuous behaviours, and showed rich geographic variation, which ...
  • Campbell's monkeys use affixation to alter call meaning 

    Ouattara, Karim; Lemasson, Alban; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2009-11-12) - Journal article
    Human language has evolved on a biological substrate with phylogenetic roots deep in the primate lineage. Here, we describe a functional analogy to a common morphological process in human speech, affixation, in the alarm ...
  • Can dietary intake influence perception of and measured appearance? A systematic review : dietary intake and appearance 

    Pezdirc, Kristine; Hutchesson, Melinda; Whitehead, Ross David; Ozakinci, Gozde; Perrett, David Ian; Collins, Clare (2015-03) - Journal item
    Appearance-based interventions have had some success in reducing smoking and sun exposure. Appearance may also motivate dietary behavior change if it was established that dietary improvement had a positive impact on ...