Now showing items 369-388 of 942

  • Gestural communication in wild chimpanzees 

    Hobaiter, Catherine (University of St Andrews, 2012-06-21) - Thesis
    Great ape gesture is an elaborate, flexible system of intentional communication. It has been suggested that human language originated in gesture, thus, the gestural communication of great apes is of great interest for ...
  • Gestural communication of the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) : repertoire, intentionality, and possible origins 

    Genty, Emilie Juliette Pauline; Breuer, Thomas; Hobaiter, Catherine Louise; Byrne, Richard William (2009-05) - Journal article
    Social groups of gorillas were observed in three captive facilities and one African field site. Cases of potential gesture use, totalling 9,540, were filtered by strict criteria for intentionality, giving a corpus of 5,250 ...
  • A gestural repertoire of 1-2year old human children : in search of the ape gestures 

    Kersken, Verena Angela; Gómez, Juan-Carlos; Liszkowski, Ulf; Soldati, Adrian; Hobaiter, Cat (2018-09-08) - Journal item
    When we compare human gestures to those of other apes, it looks at first like there is nothing much to compare at all. In adult humans, gestures are thought to be a window into the thought processes accompanying language, ...
  • The gestural repertoire of the wild bonobo (Pan paniscus) : a mutually understood communication system 

    Graham, Kirsty E.; Furuichi, Takeshi; Byrne, Richard W. (2017-03) - Journal article
    In animal communication, signallers and recipients are typically different: each signal is given by one subset of individuals (members of the same age, sex, or social rank) and directed towards another. However, there is ...
  • The gestural repertoire of the wild chimpanzee 

    Hobaiter, Catherine; Byrne, Richard W. (2011-09) - Journal article
    Great ape gestural communication is known to be intentional, elaborate and flexible; yet there is controversy over the best interpretation of the system and how gestures are acquired, perhaps because most studies have been ...
  • Gesture use in consortship : wild chimpanzees’ use of gesture for an ‘evolutionarily urgent’ purpose 

    Hobaiter, Catherine Louise; Byrne, Richard William (John Benjamins Press, 2012) - Book item
    We describe the gestural communication of wild chimpanzees in the evolutionarily urgent context of consortship. Consortship represented the dominant context for the use of gestural communication by adult males in the Sonso ...
  • "Giving" and "responding" differences in gestural communication between nonhuman great ape mothers and infants 

    Schneider, Christel; Liebal, Katja; Call, Josep (2017-04) - Journal article
    In the first comparative analysis of its kind, we investigated gesture behavior and response patterns in 25 captive ape mother-infant dyads (six bonobos, eight chimpanzees, three gorillas, and eight orangutans). We examined ...
  • Gliotransmission and adenosinergic modulation : insights from mammalian spinal motor networks 

    Acton, David; Miles, Gareth Brian (2017-12) - Journal item
    Astrocytes are proposed to converse with neurons at tripartite synapses, detecting neurotransmitter release and responding with release of gliotransmitters, which in turn modulate synaptic strength and neuronal excitability. ...
  • A glossary for research on human crowd dynamics 

    Consortium for the Physics and Psychology of Human Crowd Dynamics; Adrian, Juliane; Amos, Martyn; Baratchi, Mitra; Beermann, Mira; Bode, Nikolai; Boltes, Maik; Corbetta, Alessandro; Dezecache, Guillaume; Drury, John; Fu, Zhijian; Geraerts, Roland; Gwynne, Steve; Hofinger, Gesine; Hunt, Aoife; Kanters, Tinus; Kneidl, Angelika; Konya, Krisztina; Köster, Gerta; Küpper, Mira; Michalareas, Georgios; Neville, Fergus; Ntonis, Evangelos; Reicher, Stephen; Ronchi, Enrico; Schadschneider, Andreas; Seyfried, Armin; Shipman, Alastair; Sieben, Anna; Spearpoint, Michael; Sullivan, Gavin; Templeton, Anne; Toschi, Federico; van der Wal, Natalie; van Schadewijk, Frank; von Krüchten, Cornelia; Wijermans, Nanda; Yücel, Zeynep; Zanlungo, Francesco; Zuriguel, Iker (2019-03-01) - Journal article
    This article presents a glossary of terms that are frequently used in research on human crowds. This topic is inherently multidisciplinary as it includes work in and across computer science, engineering, mathematics, ...
  • Glucocorticoid programming of neuroimmune function 

    Walker, David J.; Spencer, Karen A. (2018-01-15) - Journal item
    Throughout life physiological systems strive to maintain homeostasis and these systems are susceptible to exposure to maternal or environmental perturbations, particularly during embryonic development. In some cases, these ...
  • The goal trumps the means : highlighting goals is more beneficial than highlighting means in means-end training 

    Gerson, Sarah; Woodward, Amanda (2013-04) - Journal article
    Means-end actions are an early-emerging form of problem solving. These actions require initiating initial behaviors with a goal in mind. In this study, we explored the origins of 8-month-old infants’ means-end action ...
  • The goggles experiment : can chimpanzees use self-experience to infer what a competitor can see? 

    Karg, Katja; Schmelz, Martin; Call, Josep; Tomasello, Michael (2015-07) - Journal article
    In two experiments, we investigated whether chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, can use self-experience to infer what another sees. Subjects first gained self-experience with the visual properties of an object (either opaque or ...
  • Gorillas with white sclera : a naturally occurring variation in a morphological trait linked to social cognitive functions 

    Mayhew, Jessica; Gomez, Juan-Carlos (2015-08) - Journal article
    Human eye morphology is considered unique among the primates in that humans possess larger width/height ratios (WHR), expose a greater amount of visible sclera (SSI; width of exposed eyeball/width of visible iris), and ...
  • Great ape gestures. Intentional communication with a rich set of innate signals 

    Byrne, Richard William; Cartmill, E.; Genty, E.; Graham, Kirsty Emma; Hobaiter, Catherine Louise; Tanner, J. (2017-07) - Journal article
    Great apes give gestures deliberately and voluntarily, in order to influence particular target audiences, whose direction of attention they take into account when choosing which type of gesture to use. These facts make the ...
  • Great apes and children infer causal relations from patterns of variation and covariation 

    Voelter, Christoph Johannes; Sentís, Inés; Call, Josep (2016-10) - Journal article
    We investigated whether nonhuman great apes (N=23), 2.5-year-old (N=20), and 3-year-old children (N=40) infer causal relations from patterns of variation and covariation by adapting the blicket detector paradigm for apes. ...
  • Great apes anticipate that other individuals will act according to false beliefs 

    Krupenye, Christopher Nicholas; Kano, Fumihiro; Hirata, Satoshi; Call, Josep; Tomasello, Michael (2016-10-07) - Journal article
    Humans operate with a "theory-of-mind" with which they understand that others’ actions are driven not by reality but by beliefs about reality, even when those beliefs are false. Although great apes share with humans many ...
  • Great apes distinguish true from false beliefs in an interactive helping task 

    Buttelmann, David; Buttelmann, Frances; Carpenter, Malinda; Call, Josep; Tomasello, Michael (2017-04-05) - Journal article
    Understanding the behavior of others in a wide variety of circumstances requires an understanding of their psychological states. Humans’ nearest primate relatives, the great apes, understand many psychological states of ...
  • Great apes generate goal-based action predictions : an eye-tracking study 

    Kano, F.; Call, J. (2014-09-27) - Journal article
    To examine great apes’ on-line prediction of other individuals’ actions, we used an eye-tracking technique and an experimental paradigm previously used to test human infants. Twenty-two great apes, including bonobos, ...
  • Great apes' risk-taking strategies in a decision making task 

    Haun, Daniel B. M.; Nawroth, Christian; Call, Josep (2011-12-21) - Journal article
    We investigate decision-making behaviour in all four non-human great ape species. Apes chose between a safe and a risky option across trials of varying expected values. All species chose the safe option more often with ...
  • Group differences in the legitimization of inequality : questioning the role of social dominance orientation 

    Pehrson, Samuel; Carvacho, Héctor; Sibley, Chris G. (2017-03) - Journal article
    Social dominance orientation (SDO) is conceived as an individual’s level of support for group-based hierarchy in general that causes support for more specific group hierarchies.According to social dominance theory, group ...