Now showing items 21-40 of 933

  • African elephants (Loxodonta africana) recognize visual attention from face and body orientation 

    Smet, Ann Farai; Byrne, Richard William (2014-07-10) - Journal article
    How do animals determine when others are able and disposed to receive their communicative signals? In particular, it is futile to make a silent gesture when the intended audience cannot see it. Some non-human primates use ...
  • African elephants can use human pointing cues to find hidden food 

    Smet, Ann Farai; Byrne, Richard William (2013-10-21) - Journal article
    How animals gain information from attending to the behavior of others has been widely studied, driven partly by the importance of referential pointing in human cognitive development [1, 2, 3 and 4], but species differences ...
  • African perceptions of female attractiveness 

    Coetzee, Vinet; Faerber, Stella J; Greeff, Jaco M; Lefevre, Carmen Emilia; Re, Daniel; Perrett, David Ian (2012-10-29) - Journal article
    Little is known about mate choice preferences outside Western, educated, industrialised, rich and democratic societies, even though these Western populations may be particularly unrepresentative of human populations. To ...
  • Age-dependent cognitive inflexibility in great apes 

    Marin Manrique, Hector; Call, Josep (2015-04) - Journal article
    The ability to suppress and/or change behaviour on the basis of negative feedback, often conceptualized as cognitive flexibility, has rarely been investigated in nonhuman great apes across a broad age range. In this study, ...
  • Age-dependent social learning in a lizard 

    Noble, Danial W A; Byrne, Richard William; Whiting, Martin J (2014-07-09) - Journal article
    Evidence of social learning, whereby the actions of an animal facilitate the acquisition of new information by another, is taxonomically biased towards mammals, especially primates, and birds. However, social learning need ...
  • Aggressor or protector? Experiences and perceptions of violence predict preferences for masculinity 

    Borras Guevara, Martha Lucia; Batres, Carlota; Perrett, David I. (2017-07) - Journal article
    Women’s preferences for masculine male partners have been explained in terms of heritable health. The evidence between masculinity and health, however, is controversial and therefore, alternative explanations for masculinity ...
  • Anti-predator behaviour of black-fronted titi monkeys (Callicebus nigrifrons) 

    Cäsar, Cristiane (University of St Andrews, 2012-06) - Thesis
    Titi monkeys have long been known for their complex vocal behaviour with numerous high- and low-pitched calls, which can be uttered singly or combined in more complex structures. However, up to date very little is known ...
  • Anti-predator behaviour of Guereza colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) 

    Schel, Anne Marijke (University of St Andrews, 2009-06-24) - Thesis
    Black-and-white colobus monkeys are renowned for their impressive vocal behaviour, but up to date there have been only very few systematic efforts to study this. These monkeys are able to produce loud and low-pitched roars ...
  • Apes have culture but may not know that they do 

    Gruber, Thibaud; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Clement, Fabrice; van Schaik, Carel (2015-02-06) - Journal article
    There is good evidence that some ape behaviors can be transmitted socially and that this can lead to group-specific traditions. However, many consider animal traditions, including those in great apes, to be fundamentally ...
  • Apes in the Anthropocene : flexibility and survival 

    Hockings, Kimberley J.; McLennan, Matthew R.; Carvalho, Susana; Ancrenaz, Marc; Bobe, René; Byrne, R.W.; Dunbar, Robin I.M.; Matsuzawa, Tetsuro; McGrew, William C.; Williamson, Elizabeth A.; Wilson, Michael L.; Wood, Bernard; Wrangham, Richard W.; Hill, Catherine M. (2015-04) - Journal article
    We are in a new epoch, the Anthropocene, and research into our closest living relatives, the great apes, must keep pace with the rate that our species is driving change. While a goal of many studies is to understand how ...
  • An application of formal concept analysis to neural decoding 

    Endres, D M; Foldiak, Peter; Priss, U (CEUR-WS, 2008) - Conference item
    This paper proposes a novel application of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) to neural decoding: the semantic relationships between the neural representations of large sets of stimuli are explored using concept lattices. In ...
  • Applying behavioural science to issues of public health : the case for social norms intervention 

    Ganz, Gary; Neville, Fergus G.; Ward, Catherine L. (2017-05-30) - Journal article
    In the effort to address behavioural risk factors – which contribute significantly to the global burden of disease – there is a growing movement in public health towards the use of interventions informed by behavioural ...
  • Applying evolutionary theory to human behaviour: past differences and current debates 

    Brown, Gillian Ruth; Richerson, Peter (2014-07) - Journal article
    Interpretation biases, in which ambiguous information is interpreted negatively, have been hypothesized to place adolescent females at greater risk of developing anxiety and mood disorders than same-aged males. We tested ...
  • Are apes essentialists? Scope and limits of psychological essentialism in great apes 

    Cacchione, Trix; Hrubesch, Christine; Call, Josep; Rakoczy, Hannes (2016-09) - Journal article
    Human reasoning is characterized by psychological essentialism (Gelman, 2003): when reasoning about objects we distinguish between deep essential properties defining the object’s kind and identity, and merely superficial ...
  • Are great apes able to reason from multi-item samples to populations of food items? 

    Eckert, Johanna; Rakoczy, Hannes; Call, Josep (2017-10) - Journal article
    Inductive learning from limited observations is a cognitive capacity of fundamental importance. In humans, it is underwritten by our intuitive statistics, the ability to draw systematic inferences from populations to ...
  • Arrays of microscopic organic LEDs for high resolution optogenetics 

    Steude, Anja; Witts, Emily Charlotte; Miles, Gareth Brian; Gather, Malte Christian (2016-05-06) - Journal article
    Optogenetics is a paradigm changing new method to study and manipulate the behavior of cells with light. Following major advances of the used genetic constructs over the last decade, the light sources required for optogenetic ...
  • Assembly of CNS nodes of Ranvier in myelinated nerves is promoted by the axon cytoskeleton 

    Brivio, Veronica; Faivre-Sarrailh, Catherine; Peles, Elior; Sherman, Diane L; Brophy, Peter J (2017-04-03) - Journal article
    Nodes of Ranvier in the axons of myelinated neurons are exemplars of the specialized cell surface domains typical of polarized cells. They are rich in voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) and thus underpin rapid nerve impulse ...
  • Assessing host-virus codivergence for close relatives of Merkel cell polyomavirus infecting African great apes 

    Madinda, Nadège F.; Ehlers, Bernhard; Wertheim, Joel O.; Akoua-Koffi, Chantal; Bergl, Richard A.; Boesch, Christophe; Akonkwa, Dieudonné Boji Mungu; Eckardt, Winnie; Fruth, Barbara; Gillespie, Thomas R.; Gray, Maryke; Hohmann, Gottfried; Karhemere, Stomy; Kujirakwinja, Deo; Langergraber, Kevin; Muyembe, Jean Jacques; Nishuli, Radar; Pauly, Maude; Petrzelkova, Klara J.; Robbins, Martha M.; Todd, Angelique; Schubert, Grit; Stoinski, Tara S.; Wittig, Roman M.; Zuberbühler, Klaus; Peeters, Martine; Leendertz, Fabian H.; Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien (2016-10) - Journal article
    It has long been hypothesized that polyomaviruses (PyV; family Polyomaviridae) codiverged with their animal hosts. In contrast, recent analyses suggested that codivergence may only marginally influence the evolution of ...
  • Assessing mood in older adults : a conceptual review of methods and approaches 

    Brown, Laura; Astell, Arlene Jean (2012-02-20) - Journal article
    Background: Accurate measures of mood state are important for understanding and optimizing health and well-being in later life. A range of different mood assessment measures is available, reflecting the variety of ways in ...
  • Assessing public engagement with science in a university primate research centre in a national zoo 

    Bowler, Mark Timothy; Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M; Whiten, Andrew (2012-04-04) - Journal article
    Recent years have seen increasing encouragement by research institutions and funding bodies for scientists to actively engage with the public, who ultimately finance their work. Animal behaviour as a discipline possesses ...