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dc.contributor.authorSchulz, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorSkinner, Jamie
dc.identifier.citationSchulz , C & Skinner , J 2022 , ' Hydropower benefit-sharing and resettlement : a conceptual review ' , Energy Research and Social Science , vol. 83 , 102342 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 277618054
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d580b3ba-74e0-4c94-9cf2-240f23301a8a
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85118143484
dc.descriptionThis work was supported by the UK Research and Innovation Economic and Social Research Council [ES/P011373/1] as part of the Global Challenges Research Fund.en
dc.description.abstractGlobally, hydropower developers are increasingly expected to share benefits with people living in project-affected areas. Nevertheless, hydropower benefit-sharing has not found sufficiently widespread application, and the concept is not yet widely understood. The present paper aims to make the following contributions: First, we clarify the commonalities and differences between benefit-sharing, compensation and related concepts, which refer to processes in which developers transfer resources to project-affected people. We suggest that benefit-sharing can be understood as a ‘sustainability intervention’, i.e. the focus is on making an additional and positive long-term development impact, beyond replacing or marginally improving on lost assets. Further, we propose that benefit-sharing is defined by the transfer of resources and services that are 1) substantively different from those serving as compensation for lost assets; 2) determined via participatory processes with project-affected people and 3) delivered in the later stages of the timeline from dam planning to operation. Second, we explore some governance challenges on the pathway towards ‘good’ benefit-sharing, highlighting: (i) that effective participation by project-affected people requires capacity building over time, involving a gradual transfer of control over spending decisions; and (ii) that the appropriate institutional set-up for benefit-sharing may be dependent on the existing capacity of governments in the dam-hosting location. Legally mandated benefit-sharing mechanisms to raise funds may be more appropriate in the context of high existing state capacity, whereas developer-led mechanisms will be required where the existing capacity is low. In practice, a mix of multiple institutional arrangements and benefit-sharing mechanisms is possible and desirable.
dc.relation.ispartofEnergy Research and Social Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.subjectLocal developmenten
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.titleHydropower benefit-sharing and resettlement : a conceptual reviewen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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