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dc.contributor.authorDrury, John
dc.contributor.authorRogers, M. Brooke
dc.contributor.authorMarteau, Theresa M.
dc.contributor.authorYardley, Lucy
dc.contributor.authorReicher, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorStott, Clifford
dc.identifier.citationDrury , J , Rogers , M B , Marteau , T M , Yardley , L , Reicher , S & Stott , C 2021 , ' Re-opening live events and large venues after Covid-19 ‘lockdown’ : behavioural risks and their mitigations ' , Safety Science , vol. 139 , 105243 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 273543156
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e1e30dac-76de-44d3-ba75-1ab72e4f6fc0
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:214B85F623FC4E008279B900E0D06A60
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85103406314
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000648888000018
dc.descriptionThe work of Drury, Reicher, and Stott on this paper was supported by funding from UK Research and Innovation/Economic and Social Research Council (grant reference number ES/V005383/1).en
dc.description.abstractThis article reviews the behavioural risks and possible mitigations for re-opening large venues for sports and music events when Covid-19 infection rates and hospitalizations begin to decline. We describe the key variables that we suggest will affect public behaviour relevant to the spread of the virus, drawing upon four sources: (1) relevant evidence and recommendations from the Scientific Pandemic Influenza Group on Behaviours produced for the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE); (2) research evidence from non-pandemic conditions; (3) research on behaviour during the pandemic; and (4) relevant theory. We first outline some basic risks and a framework for understanding collective behaviour at live events. We then survey some trends in UK public behaviour observed over 2020 and how these might interact with the opening of live events and venues. We present a range of mitigation strategies, based on the framework for collective behaviour and on what is known about non-pharmaceutical (i.e. behavioural) interventions in relation to Covid-19.
dc.relation.ispartofSafety Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.subjectLive eventsen
dc.subjectBehavioural scienceen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleRe-opening live events and large venues after Covid-19 ‘lockdown’ : behavioural risks and their mitigationsen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Research into Equality, Diversity & Inclusionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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