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dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Brendan T.
dc.contributor.authorCruickshank, Alice G.
dc.contributor.authorFlavell, Jonathan C.
dc.contributor.authorBennett, Simon J.
dc.contributor.authorBuckley, John G.
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Julie M.
dc.contributor.authorScally, Andrew J.
dc.identifier.citationBarrett , B T , Cruickshank , A G , Flavell , J C , Bennett , S J , Buckley , J G , Harris , J M & Scally , A J 2020 , ' Faster visual reaction times in elite athletes are not linked to better gaze stability ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 10 , 13216 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 269528437
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 5179ff03-78f9-43e0-b176-6ab25e748e24
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:FB90D7F30D9D0B5A6095D1073E4FE836
dc.identifier.otherRIS: Barrett2020
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3497-4503/work/78891456
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85089139067
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000573234700017
dc.descriptionThis study was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council (BBSRC, grant references: BB/J018163/1, BB/J016365/1 and BB/J018872/1).en
dc.description.abstractThe issue of whether visually-mediated, simple reaction time (VRT) is faster in elite athletes is contentious. Here, we examined if and how VRT is affected by gaze stability in groups of international cricketers (16 females, 28 males), professional rugby-league players (21 males), and non-sporting controls (20 females, 30 males). VRT was recorded via a button-press response to the sudden appearance of a stimulus (circular target—diameter 0.8°), that was presented centrally, or 7.5° to the left or right of fixation. The incidence and timing of saccades and blinks occurring from 450 ms before stimulus onset to 225 ms after onset were measured to quantify gaze stability. Our results show that (1) cricketers have faster VRT than controls; (2) blinks and, in particular, saccades are associated with slower VRT regardless of the level of sporting ability; (3) elite female cricketers had steadier gaze (fewer saccades and blinks) compared to female controls; (4) when we accounted for the presence of blinks and saccades, our group comparisons of VRT were virtually unchanged. The stability of gaze is not a factor that explains the difference between elite and control groups in VRT. Thus we conclude that better gaze stability cannot explain faster VRT in elite sports players.
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportsen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleFaster visual reaction times in elite athletes are not linked to better gaze stabilityen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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