Now showing items 1-20 of 457

    • Able-bodied wild chimpanzees imitate a motor procedure used by a disabled individual to overcome handicap 

      Hobaiter, Catherine; Byrne, Richard William (2010-08-05) - Journal article
      Chimpanzee culture has generated intense recent interest, fueled by the technical complexity of chimpanzee tool-using traditions; yet it is seriously doubted whether chimpanzees are able to learn motor procedures by imitation ...
    • Abnormal center-periphery gradient in spatial attention in simultanagnosia 

      Balslev, Daniela; Odoj, Bartholomaeus; Rennig, Johannes; Karnath, Hans-Otto (2014-06-04) - Journal article
      Patients suffering from simultanagnosia cannot perceive more than one object at a time. The underlying mechanism is incompletely understood. One hypothesis is that simultanagnosia reflects "tunnel vision," a constricted ...
    • Acoustic models of orangutan hand-assisted alarm calls 

      De Boer, Bart; Wich, Serge A.; Hardus, Madeleine E.; Lameira, Adriano R. (2015-03-18) - Journal article
      Orangutans produce alarm calls called kiss-squeaks, which they sometimes modify by putting a hand in front of their mouth. Through theoretical models and observational evidence, we show that using the hand when making a ...
    • Acting in solidarity: testing an extended dual-pathway model of collective action by bystander group members 

      Saab, Rim; Tausch, Nicole; Spears, Russell; Cheung, Wing (2015-09) - Journal article
      We examined predictors of collective action among bystander group members in solidarity with a disadvantaged group by extending the dual pathway model of collective action, which proposes one efficacy-based and one ...
    • Active drumming experience increases infants' sensitivity to audiovisual synchrony during observed drumming actions 

      Gerson, Sarah; Schiavio, Andrea; Timmers, Renee; Hunnius, Sabine (2015-06-25) - Journal article
      In the current study, we examined the role of active experience on sensitivity to multisensory synchrony in six-month-old infants in a musical context. In the first of two experiments, we trained infants to produce a novel ...
    • Adaptation to facial trustworthiness is different in female and male observers 

      Wincenciak, Joanna; Dzhelyova, Milena; Perrett, David I.; Barraclough, Nick E. (2013-07-19) - Journal article
      Face adaptation paradigms have been used extensively to investigate the mechanisms underlying the processing of several different facial characteristics including face shape, identity, view and emotional expression. ...
    • Adapting to time : duration channels do not mediate human time perception 

      Curran, WIlliam; Benton, Christopher; Harris, Julie; Hibbard, Paul Barry; Beattie, L (2016-03) - Journal article
      Accurately encoding the duration and temporal order of events is essential for survival and important to everyday activities, from holding conversations to driving in fast-flowing traffic. Although there is a growing body ...
    • Adaptive cultural transmission biases in children and nonhuman primates 

      Price, Elizabeth E.; Wood, Lara A.; Whiten, Andrew (2017-08) - Journal item
      Comparative and evolutionary developmental analyses seek to discover the similarities and differences between humans and non-human species that might illuminate both the evolutionary foundations of our nature that we share ...
    • Adding a psychological dimension to mass gatherings medicine 

      Hopkins, Nick; Reicher, Stephen (2016-06) - Journal article
      Objectives. Mass gatherings pose distinctive challenges for medicine. One neglected aspect of this is that the behaviour of people participating in such events is different from the behaviour they exhibit in their everyday ...
    • Adenosine-mediated modulation of ventral horn interneurons and spinal motoneurons in neonatal mice 

      Witts, Emily Charlotte; Nascimento, Filipe; Miles, Gareth Brian (2015-10) - Journal article
      Neuromodulation allows neural networks to adapt to varying environmental and biomechanical demands. Purinergic signalling is known to be an important modulatory system in many parts of the CNS, including motor control ...
    • ‘Adoption’ by maternal siblings in wild chimpanzees 

      Hobaiter, Cat; Schel, Anne Marijke; Langergraber, Kevin; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2014-08-01) - Journal article
      The adoption of unrelated orphaned infants is something chimpanzees and humans have in common. Providing parental care has fitness implications for both the adopter and orphan, and cases of adoption have thus been cited ...
    • Adult protection in Scotland in 1857 and in 2015 : what have we learned? 

      Campbell, Martin (2016-04-01) - Journal article
      Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to compare recent developments in adult protection legislation, policy and practice in Scotland in 2015 with the first attempts at adult protection of adults at risk of harm, in 1857-62, ...
    • Adverse childhood experiences and hospital-treated self-harm 

      Cleare, Seonaid; Wetherall, Karen; Clark, Andrea; Ryan, Caoimhe; Kirtley, Olivia; Smith, Michael; O’connor, Rory (2018-06-11) - Journal article
      Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been implicated in a range of negative health outcomes in adulthood, including increased suicide mortality. In this study, we explored the relationship between ACEs and hospital-treated ...
    • Aesthetic and incentive salience of cute infant faces : studies of observer sex, oral contraception and menstrual cycle 

      Sprengelmeyer, Reiner; Lewis, Jennifer; Hahn, Amanda; Perrett, David I. (2013-05-29) - Journal article
      Infant cuteness can influence adult-infant interaction and has been shown to activate reward centres in the brain. In a previous study, we found men and women to be differentially sensitive to small differences in infant ...
    • African elephants (Loxodonta africana) recognize visual attention from face and body orientation 

      Smet, Ann Farai; Byrne, Richard William (2014-07-10) - Journal article
      How do animals determine when others are able and disposed to receive their communicative signals? In particular, it is futile to make a silent gesture when the intended audience cannot see it. Some non-human primates use ...
    • African elephants can use human pointing cues to find hidden food 

      Smet, Ann Farai; Byrne, Richard William (2013-10-21) - Journal article
      How animals gain information from attending to the behavior of others has been widely studied, driven partly by the importance of referential pointing in human cognitive development [1, 2, 3 and 4], but species differences ...
    • Age-dependent cognitive inflexibility in great apes 

      Marin Manrique, Hector; Call, Josep (2015-04) - Journal article
      The ability to suppress and/or change behaviour on the basis of negative feedback, often conceptualized as cognitive flexibility, has rarely been investigated in nonhuman great apes across a broad age range. In this study, ...
    • Age-dependent social learning in a lizard 

      Noble, Danial W A; Byrne, Richard William; Whiting, Martin J (2014-07-09) - Journal article
      Evidence of social learning, whereby the actions of an animal facilitate the acquisition of new information by another, is taxonomically biased towards mammals, especially primates, and birds. However, social learning need ...
    • Aggressor or protector? Experiences and perceptions of violence predict preferences for masculinity 

      Borras Guevara, Martha Lucia; Batres, Carlota; Perrett, David I. (2017-07) - Journal article
      Women’s preferences for masculine male partners have been explained in terms of heritable health. The evidence between masculinity and health, however, is controversial and therefore, alternative explanations for masculinity ...
    • Apes have culture but may not know that they do 

      Gruber, Thibaud; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Clement, Fabrice; van Schaik, Carel (2015-02-06) - Journal article
      There is good evidence that some ape behaviors can be transmitted socially and that this can lead to group-specific traditions. However, many consider animal traditions, including those in great apes, to be fundamentally ...