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  • Dose-response relationships for the onset of avoidance of sonar by free-ranging killer whales 

    Miller, Patrick; Antunes, Ricardo Nuno; Wensveen, Paulus Jacobus; Samarra, Filipa Isabel Pereira; Alves, Ana Catarina De Carvalho; Tyack, Peter Lloyd; Kvadsheim, Petter H.; Kleivane, Lars; Lam, Frans-Peter A.; Ainslie, Michael A.; Thomas, Len (2014-02) - Journal article
    Eight experimentally controlled exposures to 1−2 kHz or 6−7 kHz sonar signals were conducted with four killer whale groups. The source level and proximity of the source were increased during each exposure in order to reveal ...