Now showing items 776-795 of 9851

  • Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar 

    Goldbogen, Jeremy A.; Southall, Brandon L.; De Ruiter, Stacy Lynn; Calambokidis, John; Friedlaender, Ari S.; Hazen, Elliott L.; Falcone, Erin A.; Schorr, Gregory S.; Douglas, Annie; Moretti, David J.; Kyburg, Chris; McKenna, Megan F.; Tyack, Peter Lloyd (2013) - Journal article
    Mid-frequency military (1–10 kHz) sonars have been associated with lethal mass strandings of deep-diving toothed whales, but the effects on endangered baleen whale species are virtually unknown. Here, we used controlled ...
  • Blue-green emissive cationic iridium(III) complexes using partially saturated strongly-donating guanidyl-pyridine/pyrazine ancillary ligands 

    Hasan, Kamrul; Pal, Amlan K.; Auvray, Thomas; Zysman-Colman, Eli; Hanan, Garry S. (2015) - Journal article
    A new class of cationic iridium(III) complexes of the form [(C^N)2Ir(N^N)][PF6] is reported, where C^N = cyclometallating 2-phenylpyridinato, ppy, or 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-5′-methylpyridinato, dFMeppy, and N^N = ...
  • Bluetongue virus NS4 protein is an interferon antagonist and a determinant of virus virulence 

    Ratinier, Maxime; Shaw, Andrew E.; Barry, Gerald; Gu, Quan; Di Gialleonardo, Luigina; Janowicz, Anna; Varela, Mariana; Randall, Richard E.; Caporale, Marco; Palmarini, Massimo (2016-06-01) - Journal article
    Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the causative agent of bluetongue, a major infectious disease of ruminants with serious consequences to both animal health and the economy. The clinical outcome of BTV infection is highly variable ...
  • BODIPY star-shaped molecules as solid state colour converters for visible light communications 

    Vithanage, Chiranthika Dimali Amarasinghe; Manousiadis, Pavlos; Sajjad, Muhammad Tariq; Rajbhandari, Sujan; Chun, Hyunchae; Orofino, Clara; Cortizo-Lacalle, Diego; Kanibolotsky, Alexander; Faulkner, Grahame; Findlay, Neil; O'Brien, Dominic; Skabara, Peter; Samuel, Ifor David William; Turnbull, Graham Alexander (2016-07-06) - Journal article
    In this paper we study a family of solid-state, organic semiconductors for visible light communications. The star-shaped molecules have a boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) core with a range of side arm lengths which control ...
  • Body and space: discovering the compositions of Paul Burman 

    Burman, Kristi (School of Art History, University of St Andrews, 2003) - Journal article
    This article will discuss some aspects of Paul Burman's compositions. The creative endeavour of Paul Burman (1888-1934) belongs to the earliest period of Estonian art history. Born into a Baltic-German family, living mainly ...
  • Body and text in the Greek and Roman novels 

    König, Jason Peter (Cambridge University Press, 2008-05) - Book item
  • Body art as branded labour : at the intersection of employee selection and relationship marketing 

    Timming, Andrew R. (2017-01-06) - Journal article
    Using mixed methods, this paper examines the role of body art as a form of branded labour in customer-facing jobs. It brings together employee selection and relationship marketing into one framework, and uniquely conceptualizes ...
  • Body density and diving gas volume of the northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus) 

    Miller, Patrick; Narazaki, Tomoko; Isojunno, Saana; Suzuki, Kagari; Smout, Sophie Caroline; Sato, Katsufumi (2016-08-17) - Journal article
    Diving lung volume and tissue density, reflecting lipid store volume, are important physiological parameters that have only been estimated for a few breath-hold diving species. We fitted 12 northern bottlenose whales with ...
  • Body mass index relates weight to height differently in women and older adults : serial cross-sectional surveys in England (1992–2011) 

    Sperrin, Matthew; Marshall, Alan David; Higgins, Vanessa; Renehan, Andrew; Buchan, Iain E. (2015-06-01) - Journal article
    Background Body mass index (BMI) tends to be higher among shorter adults, especially women. The dependence of BMI–height correlation on age and calendar time may inform us about temporal determinants of BMI. Methods Series ...
  • Body reserves in intra-African migrants 

    Nwaogu, Chima Josiah; Cresswell, Will (2016-01) - Journal article
    Avian migration has been shown to be a life history strategy for surviving environmental resource variability, but it requires increased body reserves for long distance flight. Fat reserves make excellent energy stores for ...
  • Body size as a driver of scavenging in theropod dinosaurs 

    Kane, Adam; Healy, Kevin; Ruxton, Graeme D.; Jackson, Andrew L. (2016-04-12) - Journal article
    Theropod dinosaurs dominated Earth’s terrestrial ecosystem as a diverse group of predators for more than 160 million years, yet little is known about their foraging ecology. Maintaining a balanced energy budget presented ...
  • The Bohemian Bookshelf : supporting serendipitous book discoveries through information visualization 

    Thudt, Alice; Hinrichs, Uta; Carpendale, Sheelagh (ACM, 2012-05-05) - Conference item
    Serendipity, a trigger of exciting yet unexpected discoveries, is an important but comparatively neglected factor in information seeking, research, and ideation. We suggest that serendipity can be facilitated through ...
  • The Bohemian Bookshelf : supporting serendipitous discoveries through visualization 

    Thudt, Alice; Hinrichs, Uta; Carpendale, Sheelagh (University of Calgary, 2011) - Working or discussion paper
    Serendipity, a trigger of exciting discoveries when we least expect it, is currently being discussed as an often neglected but still important factor in information seeking processes, research, and ideation. In this paper ...
  • Boko Haram – terrorism against the leadership in Nigeria 

    Horvath, Henriett (St Andrews Africa Summit, University of St Andrews, 2017-01-31) - Journal article
  • Bombs and flares at the surface and lower atmosphere of the Sun 

    Hansteen, V. H.; Archontis, V.; Pereira, T. M. D.; Carlsson, M.; Rouppe van der Voort, L.; Leenaarts, J. (2017-04-10) - Journal article
    A spectacular manifestation of solar activity is the appearance of transient brightenings in the far wings of the Hα line, known as Ellerman bombs (EBs). Recent observations obtained by the Interface Region Imaging ...
  • ‘Bomb’, ‘sanction’, or ‘engage’? : the theory/political practice of the Iranian nuclear crisis from the American perspective (1998-2014) 

    Beaulieu-Brossard, Philippe (University of St Andrews, 2015-06) - Thesis
    This thesis argues that the debate over the relationship between Theory and political practice has reached a dead-end in IR. Most scholars taking part in this debate based their claims on meta-theoretical assumptions, which ...
  • Bonifacio's enterprise: Bonifacio de'Pitati and Venetian painting 

    Cottrell, Philip (University of St Andrews, 2001) - Thesis
    This dissertation takes the form of a chronologically arranged, biographical survey of the career of Bonifacio de' Pitati in the form of seven interconnected essays that address areas in which the artist's impact and ...
  • Bonobos (Pan paniscus) vocally protest against violations of social expectations 

    Clay, Susanna Elizabeth Valerie; Ravaux, Lucie; de Waal, Frans B. M.; Zuberbuhler, Klaus (2016-02) - Journal article
    Research has shown that great apes possess certain expectations about social regularities and both perceive and act according to social rules within their group. During natural and experimentally induced contexts, such as ...
  • Bonobos extract meaning from call sequences 

    Clay, Zanna; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2011-04-27) - Journal article
    Studies on language-trained bonobos have revealed their remarkable abilities in representational and communication tasks. Surprisingly, however, corresponding research into their natural communication has largely been ...
  • Bonobos modify communication signals according to recipient familiarity 

    Genty, Emilie; Neumann, Christof; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2015-11-10) - Journal article
    Human and nonhuman primate communication differs in various ways. In particular, humans base communicative efforts on mutual knowledge and conventions shared between interlocutors. In this study, we experimentally tested ...