Now showing items 705-724 of 9423

  • Bioabsorbable polymer optical waveguides for deep-tissue photomedicine 

    Nizamoglu, Sedat; Gather, Malte Christian; Humar, Matjaž; Choi, Myunghwan; Kim, Seonghoon; Kim, Ki Su; Hahn, Sei Kwang; Scarcelli, Giuliano; Randolph, Mark; Redmond, Robert W.; Yun, Seok Hyun (2016-01-19) - Journal article
    Advances in photonics have stimulated significant progress in medicine, with many techniques now in routine clinical use. However, the finite depth of light penetration in tissue is a serious constraint to clinical utility. ...
  • Biochemical and functional characterisation of phospholipase C-η2 

    Popovics, Petra (University of St Andrews, 2013-06-28) - Thesis
    Phospholipase C enzymes are important cell signalling enzymes that catalyse the cleavage of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphophate PI(4,5)P₂ into two biologically active second messenger molecules. These are the inositol ...
  • Biochemical and genetic analysis of the role of the viral polymerase in enterovirus recombination 

    Woodman, Andrew; Arnold, Jamie; Cameron, Craig; Evans, David John (2016-08-19) - Journal article
    Genetic recombination in single-strand, positive-sense RNA viruses is a poorly understand mechanism responsible for generating extensive genetic change and novel phenotypes. By moving a critical cis-acting replication ...
  • Biochemical characterization of the initial steps of the Kennedy pathway in Trypanosoma brucei : the ethanolamine and choline kinases 

    Gibellini, Federica; Hunter, William N.; Smith, Terry K. (2008-10-01) - Journal article
    Ethanolamine and choline are major components of the trypanosome membrane phospholipids, in the form of GPEtn (glycero-phosphoethanolamine) and GPCho (glycerophosphocholine). Ethanolamine is also found as an integral ...
  • Biodegradable hollow silica nanospheres containing gold nanoparticle arrays 

    Cassano, D.; Rota Martir, Diego; Signore, G.; Piazza, V.; Voliani, V. (2015-06-21) - Journal article
    We introduce biodegradable hollow silica nanocapsules embedding arrays of 3 nm gold nanoparticles. The silica shell degrades in full serum in a few hours, potentially allowing the clearance of the capsules and their contents ...
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem processes in heterogeneous environments 

    Dyson, Kirstie E. (University of St Andrews, 2008-06-27) - Thesis
    The decline in biodiversity over the last decade has motivated researchers to investigate the relationship between species richness (biodiversity) and ecosystem function. Empirical approaches are becoming more realistic ...
  • Biodiversity assessment of freshwater fishes : Thailand as a case study 

    Khachonpisitsak, Salinee (University of St Andrews, 2012-11-29) - Thesis
    A key challenge in biodiversity is: How many species are there on earth? This issue is especially acute in poorly surveyed regions with high diversity, particularly Southeast Asia that also experiences many limitations ...
  • Biodiversity of freshwater fishes of Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies 

    Phillip, Dawn Arlene Teresa (University of St Andrews, 1998) - Thesis
    The proximity of the speciose South American continent to Trinidad and Tobago ensures that these islands have a rich and dynamic fauna. According to the equilibrium theory of island biogeography (MacArthur & Wilson ...
  • Biogenesis pathways of RNA guides in archaeal and bacterial CRISPR-Cas adaptive immunity 

    Charpentier, Emmanuelle; Richter, Hagen; van der Oost, John; White, Malcolm F (2015-05-20) - Journal item
    CRISPR-Cas is an RNA-mediated adaptive immune system that defends bacteria and archaea against mobile genetic elements. Short mature CRISPR RNAs (crRNAs) are key elements in the interference step of the immune pathway. A ...
  • A biographical and critical study of the life and writings of Sir David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes 

    Carnie, Robert Hay (University of St Andrews, 1954) - Thesis
    The name of Sir David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes has always been known to students of Scottish history by reason of his "Annals of Scotland", long accepted as a fundamental reference book for that period of Scottish history ...
  • The biographical imagination in Moritz's Anton Reiser : a chronotopic reading 

    Cusack, Andrew Thomas (2015-06) - Journal article
  • The biological bases of conformity 

    Morgan, T.J.H.; Laland, K.N. (2012-06-14) - Journal article
    Humans are characterized by an extreme dependence on culturally transmitted information and recent formal theory predicts that natural selection should favor adaptive learning strategies that facilitate effective copying ...
  • Biological diversity of fish communities : pattern and process 

    Magurran, A. E.; Khachonpisitsak, S.; Ahmad, A. B. (2011-12) - Journal article
    For over 150 years, ecologists have been striving to explain fundamental patterns of biological diversity, such as the observation that communities invariably consist of common and rare species, and to unravel the processes ...
  • Biological diversity of freshwater fishes in small streams in peninsular Malaysia 

    Ahmad, Amirrudin Bin (University of St Andrews, 2012) - Thesis
    Peninsular Malaysia has a diverse flora and fauna, much of which is yet to be documented. The freshwater fishes are one important group that have received little attention. Accordingly, the overarching goal of my study ...
  • Biological overlap of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder : evidence from copy number variants 

    Martin, Joanna; Cooper, Miriam; Hamshere, Marian L.; Pocklington, Andrew; Scherer, Stephen W.; Kent, Lindsey; Gill, Michael; Owen, Michael J.; Williams, Nigel; O'Donovan, Michael C.; Thapar, Anita; Holmans, Peter (2014-07) - Journal article
    Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often co-occur and share genetic risks. The aim of this analysis was to determine more broadly whether ADHD and ASD share ...
  • The biological response of foraminifera to ocean acidification 

    Khanna, Nikki (University of St Andrews, 2014) - Thesis
    Elevated atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO₂), partly driven by anthropogenic activity, are decreasing the pH of the oceans. This thesis aimed to assess the biological response of foraminifera to ocean ...
  • Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses 

    Curé, Charlotte; Isojunno, Saana; Visser, Fleur; Wensveen, Paul J.; Sivle, Lise D.; Kvadsheim, Petter H.; Lam, Frans-Peter A.; Miller, Patrick (2016-10-06) - Journal article
    A key issue when investigating effects of anthropogenic noise on cetacean behavior is to identify the biological significance of the responses. Predator presence can be considered a natural high-level disturbance stimulus ...
  • The biology and ecology of benthic foraminifera inhabiting intertidal mudflats 

    Austin, Heather Anne (University of St Andrews, 2003) - Thesis
    Benthic foraminifera inhabiting the mudflats of the Eden Estuary, NE Scotland, exhibited a single annual peak in abundance at both high (270 individuals 10 cm⁻²) and low shore (210 individuals 10 cm⁻²) intertidal ...
  • The biology of South African Bryde's whales 

    Penry, Gwenith S. (University of St Andrews, 2010-06-23) - Thesis
    The biology of South African Bryde’s whales (Balaenoptera brydei/edeni), with a focus on the inshore form, was investigated through estimates of abundance and survival rate, seasonality of occurrence and variation in ...
  • Biomarkers of isoflavone intake : validity at high intakes 

    Mackinnon, L. Jay (University of St Andrews, 2007-06) - Thesis
    Isoflavones are biologically active plant chemicals (phytoestrogens) which are ordinarily present in human diets. There is considerable research interest in their potential to prevent or treat several chronic diseases. ...