Now showing items 679-698 of 11089

  • Bateman’s principles and human sex roles 

    Brown, Gillian Ruth; Laland, Kevin Neville; Borgerhoff Mulder, M (2009-06) - Journal article
  • Bath induced coherence and the secular approximation 

    Eastham, P. R.; Kirton, P.; Cammack, H. M.; Lovett, B. W.; Keeling, J. (2016-07) - Journal article
    Finding efficient descriptions of how an environment affects a collection of discrete quantum systems would lead to new insights into many areas of modern physics. Markovian, or time-local, methods work well for individual ...
  • Bay-region functionalisation of Ar-BIAN ligands and their use within highly absorptive cationic iridium(III) dyes 

    Hasan, Kamrul; Wang, Jingyi; Pal, Amlan Kumar; Hierlinger, Claus; Guerchais, Véronique; Soo, Han Sen; García, Felipe; Zysman-Colman, Eli (2017-11-14) - Journal article
    We report the synthesis, optical absorption, electrochemical characterisation, and DFT studies of five panchromatic, heteroleptic iridium complexes (four of which are new) supported by Ar-BIAN ligands. In particular, the ...
  • Bayesian and information-theoretic tools for neuroscience 

    Endres, Dominik M. (University of St Andrews, 2006-11-30) - Thesis
    The overarching purpose of the studies presented in this report is the exploration of the uses of information theory and Bayesian inference applied to neural codes. Two approaches were taken: Starting from first principles, ...
  • A Bayesian approach to fitting Gibbs processes with temporal random effects 

    King, Ruth; Illian, Janine Baerbel; King, Stuart Edward; Nightingale, Glenna Faith; Hendrichsen, Ditte (2012-12) - Journal article
    We consider spatial point pattern data that have been observed repeatedly over a period of time in an inhomogeneous environment. Each spatial point pattern can be regarded as a “snapshot” of the underlying point process ...
  • A Bayesian approach to modelling field data on multi-species predator prey-interactions 

    Asseburg, Christian (University of St Andrews, 2006) - Thesis
    Multi-species functional response models are required to model the predation of generalist preda- tors, which consume more than one prey species. In chapter 2, a new model for the multi-species functional response is ...
  • Bayesian bin distribution inference and mutual information 

    Endres, Dominik Maria; Foldiak, Peter (2005-11) - Journal article
    We present an exact Bayesian treatment of a simple, yet sufficiently general probability distribution model. We consider piecewise-constant distributions' P(X) with uniform (second-order) prior over location of discontinuity ...
  • Bayesian binning beats approximate alternatives: estimating peri-stimulus time histograms 

    Endres, D M; Oram, M W; Schindelin, J.E.; Foldiak, P (MIT Press, 2008) - Journal article
    The peristimulus time histogram (PSTH) and its more continuous cousin, the spike density function (SDF) are staples in the analytic toolkit of neurophysiologists. The former is usually obtained by binning spike trains, ...
  • Bayesian hierarchical modelling of continuous non-negative longitudinal data with a spike at zero : an application to a study of birds visiting gardens in winter 

    Swallow, Benjamin Thomas; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; King, Ruth; Toms, Mike (2016-03) - Journal article
    The development of methods for dealing with continuous data with a spike at zero has lagged behind those for overdispersed or zero-inflated count data. We consider longitudinal ecological data corresponding to an annual ...
  • Bayesian inference supports the host selection hypothesis in explaining adaptive host specificity by European bitterling 

    Smith, Carl (2017-02) - Journal article
    Generalist parasites have the capacity to infect multiple hosts. The temporal pattern of host specificity by generalist parasites is rarely studied, but is critical to understanding what variables underpin infection and ...
  • Bayesian methods for hierarchical distance sampling models 

    Oedekoven, Cornelia Sabrina; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; MacKenzie, Monique Lea; King, Ruth; Evans, Kristine; Burger, Wes (2014-06-01) - Journal article
    The few distance sampling studies that use Bayesian methods typically consider only line transect sampling with a half-normal detection function. We present a Bayesian approach to analyse distance sampling data applicable ...
  • Bayesian modelling of integrated data and its application to seabird populations 

    Reynolds, Toby J. (University of St Andrews, 2010-11-30) - Thesis
    Integrated data analyses are becoming increasingly popular in studies of wild animal populations where two or more separate sources of data contain information about common parameters. Here we develop an integrated population ...
  • Bayesian multi-species modelling of non-negative continuous ecological data with a discrete mass at zero 

    Swallow, Ben (University of St Andrews, 2015) - Thesis
    Severe declines in the number of some songbirds over the last 40 years have caused heated debate amongst interested parties. Many factors have been suggested as possible causes for these declines, including an increase ...
  • Bayesian P-splines and advanced computing in R for a changepoint analysis on spatio-temporal point processes 

    Altieri, L.; Cocchi, D.; Greco, F.; Illian, J. B.; Scott, E. M. (2016) - Journal article
    This work presents advanced computational aspects of a new method for changepoint detection on spatio-temporal point process data. We summarize the methodology, based on building a Bayesian hierarchical model for the data ...
  • Bayesian point process modelling of ecological communities 

    Nightingale, Glenna Faith (University of St Andrews, 2013-06-28) - Thesis
    The modelling of biological communities is important to further the understanding of species coexistence and the mechanisms involved in maintaining biodiversity. This involves considering not only interactions between ...
  • Bayesian sequential tests of the initial size of a linear pure death process 

    Goudie, I.B.J. (2015-05) - Journal article
    We provide a recursive algorithm for determining the sampling plans of invariant Bayesian sequential tests of the initial size of a linear pure death process of unknown rate. These tests compare favourably with the ...
  • A Bayesian space-time model for discrete spread processes on a lattice 

    Long, J.A.; Nelson, T.A.; Robertson, Colin; Nathoo, F.S. (2012-06-01) - Journal article
    In this article we present a Bayesian Markov model for investigating environmental spread processes. We formulate a model where the spread of a disease over a heterogeneous landscape through time is represented as a ...
  • Bayesian spatial NBDA for diffusion data with home-base coordinates 

    Nightingale, Glenna Faith; Laland, Kevin Neville; Hoppitt, William John Edward; Nightingale, Peter (2015-07-02) - Journal article
    Network-based diffusion analysis (NBDA) is a statistical method that allows the researcher to identify and quantify a social influence on the spread of behaviour through a population. Hitherto, NBDA analyses have not ...
  • A BCool magnetic snapshot survey of solar-type stars 

    Marsden, S. C.; Petit, P.; Jeffers, S. V.; Morin, J.; Fares, R.; Reiners, A.; do Nascimento, J. -D.; Auriere, M.; Bouvier, J.; Carter, B. D.; Catala, C.; Dintrans, B.; Donati, J. -F.; Gastine, T.; Jardine, M.; Konstantinova-Antova, R.; Lanoux, J.; Lignieres, F.; Morgenthaler, A.; Ramirez-Velez, J. C.; Theado, S.; Van Grootel, V.; BCool Collaboration (2014-11-11) - Journal article
    We present the results of a major high-resolution spectropolarimetric BCool project magnetic survey of 170 solar-type stars. Surface magnetic fields were detected on 67 stars, with 21 classified as mature solar-type stars, ...
  • Beaked whales 

    Madsen, Peter; Aguilar de Soto, Natacha; Tyack, Peter Lloyd; Johnson, Mark (2014-08-18) - Journal article