Now showing items 619-638 of 8024

  • Biological diversity of fish communities : pattern and process 

    Magurran, A. E.; Khachonpisitsak, S.; Ahmad, A. B. (2011-12) - Journal article
    For over 150 years, ecologists have been striving to explain fundamental patterns of biological diversity, such as the observation that communities invariably consist of common and rare species, and to unravel the processes ...
  • Biological diversity of freshwater fishes in small streams in peninsular Malaysia 

    Ahmad, Amirrudin Bin (University of St Andrews, 2012) - Thesis
    Peninsular Malaysia has a diverse flora and fauna, much of which is yet to be documented. The freshwater fishes are one important group that have received little attention. Accordingly, the overarching goal of my study ...
  • Biological overlap of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder : evidence from copy number variants 

    Martin, Joanna; Cooper, Miriam; Hamshere, Marian L.; Pocklington, Andrew; Scherer, Stephen W.; Kent, Lindsey; Gill, Michael; Owen, Michael J.; Williams, Nigel; O'Donovan, Michael C.; Thapar, Anita; Holmans, Peter (2014-07) - Journal article
    Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often co-occur and share genetic risks. The aim of this analysis was to determine more broadly whether ADHD and ASD share ...
  • The biological response of foraminifera to ocean acidification 

    Khanna, Nikki (University of St Andrews, 2014) - Thesis
    Elevated atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO₂), partly driven by anthropogenic activity, are decreasing the pH of the oceans. This thesis aimed to assess the biological response of foraminifera to ocean ...
  • The biology and ecology of benthic foraminifera inhabiting intertidal mudflats 

    Austin, Heather Anne (University of St Andrews, 2003) - Thesis
    Benthic foraminifera inhabiting the mudflats of the Eden Estuary, NE Scotland, exhibited a single annual peak in abundance at both high (270 individuals 10 cm⁻²) and low shore (210 individuals 10 cm⁻²) intertidal ...
  • The biology of South African Bryde's whales 

    Penry, Gwenith S. (University of St Andrews, 2010-06-23) - Thesis
    The biology of South African Bryde’s whales (Balaenoptera brydei/edeni), with a focus on the inshore form, was investigated through estimates of abundance and survival rate, seasonality of occurrence and variation in ...
  • Biomarkers of isoflavone intake : validity at high intakes 

    Mackinnon, L. Jay (University of St Andrews, 2007-06) - Thesis
    Isoflavones are biologically active plant chemicals (phytoestrogens) which are ordinarily present in human diets. There is considerable research interest in their potential to prevent or treat several chronic diseases. ...
  • Biomineralisation during operculum regeneration in the polychaete Spirobranchus lamarcki 

    Szabo, Reka; Calder, Angus; Ferrier, David Ellard Keith (2014-11) - Journal article
    Formation of calcified biominerals is widespread in marine animals and is often associated with important elements of their biology, such as support and protection. Serpulid polychaetes are relatively understudied examples ...
  • Biophysical aspects of photodynamic therapy 

    Valentine, Ronan (University of St Andrews, 2011-11-30) - Thesis
    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a multimodality cancer treatment available for the palliation or eradication of systemic and cutaneous malignancies. In this thesis, the application of PDT is for the treatment of non-melanoma ...
  • Biosonar performance of foraging beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) 

    Madsen, P T; Johnson, M; de Soto, N A; Zimmer, W M X; Tyack, P (2005-01-15) - Journal article
    Toothed whales (Cetacea, odontoceti) emit sound pulses to probe their surroundings by active echolocation. Noninvasive, acoustic Dtags were placed on deep-diving Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) to ...
  • Biparental incubation-scheduling : no experimental evidence for major energetic constraints 

    Bulla, M; Cresswell, Will; Rutten, A; Valcu, M; Kempenaers, B (2015) - Journal article
    Incubation is energetically demanding, but it is debated whether these demands constrain incubation-scheduling (i.e., the length, constancy, and timing of incubation bouts) in cases where both parents incubate. Using 2 ...
  • Bird species richness and diversity at montane Important Bird Area (IBA) sites in south-eastern Nigeria 

    Manu, S; Imong, I. S.; Cresswell, Will (2010-09) - Journal article
    The mountains of south-eastern Nigeria are a western extension of the Cameroon mountain range, which is classified as an endemic bird area (EBA). Unlike its eastern extension in Cameroon, most of the ornithological surveys ...
  • Birds build camouflaged nests 

    Bailey, Ida Elizabeth; Muth, Felicity; Morgan, Kate; Meddle, Simone L.; Healy, Susan Denise (2015-01) - Journal article
    It is assumed that many birds attempt to conceal their nests by using camouflage. To our knowledge, however, no previous experimental studies have explicitly tested this assumption. To explore whether birds choose materials ...
  • Bis(phenylphosphonic) anhydride 

    Li, Yang; Hua, Guoxiong; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Woollins, J. Derek (2009-11) - Journal article
    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C12H12O5P2, contains four independent molecules, generating two dimers via pairs of intermolecular O-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds, forming R-2(2) (8) rings. ...
  • Bis(trifluoromethyl)methylene addition to vinyl-terminated SAMs : a gas-phase C–C bond-forming reaction on a surface 

    Adamkiewicz, Malgorzata; O'Hagan, David; Hähner, Georg (2014-05-20) - Journal article
    Vinyl-terminated self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on silicon oxide substrates were chemically modified by the addition of a bis(trifluoromethyl)methylene group in a rare gas-phase C–C bond-forming reaction to directly ...
  • Black Virgins, Close Encounters : re-examining the ‘semi-documentary’ in postmigrant theatre 

    Stewart, Lizzie (V&R unipress, 2015-01) - Book item
    In 2006 the premiere of Feridun Zaimoglu and Günter Senkel’s play Black Virgins (Schwarze Jungfrauen) became the first play by a Turkish-German writer to feature on the front cover of Germany’s influential theatre magazine, ...
  • Blessed are those who weep : gratia lacrymarum in thirteenth-century hagiographies 

    Knight, Kimberley-Joy (University of St Andrews, 2014) - Thesis
    Hagiographies and canonisation processes from the thirteenth century are frequently saturated with descriptions of tears. The tears of holy men and women were both the means to, and apex of, spiritual perfection. Using ...
  • Blind injustice : Jesus' prophetic warning against unjust judging (Matt 7:1-5) 

    Chandler, Christopher N. (University of St Andrews, 2010-11) - Thesis
    This dissertation seeks to provide a plausible alternative to the consensus interpretation of Jesus' "do not judge" teaching in Matt 7:1-5. While the overwhelming majority of recent interpreters understand "do not judge" ...
  • Blinded by beauty: attractiveness bias and accurate perceptions of academic performance 

    Talamas, Sean; Mavor, Kenneth Ian; Perrett, David Ian (2016-02-17) - Journal article
    Despite the old adage not to ‘judge a book by its cover’, facial cues often guide first impressions and these first impressions guide our decisions. Literature suggests there are valid facial cues that assist us in assessing ...
  • Blocking Variant Surface Glycoprotein synthesis in Trypanosoma brucei triggers a general arrest in translation initiation 

    Smith, Terry K; Vasileva, Nadina; Gluenz, Eva; Terry, Stephen; Portman, Neil; Kramer, Susanne; Carrington, Mark; Michaeli, Shulamit; Gull, Keith; Rudenko, Gloria (2009-10-26) - Journal article
    Background: The African trypanosome Trypanosoma brucei is covered with a dense layer of Variant Surface Glycoprotein (VSG), which protects it from lysis by host complement via the alternative pathway in the mammalian ...