Now showing items 493-512 of 7734

  • A basic income can raise employment and welfare for a majority 

    FitzRoy, Felix R; Jin, Jim Yongtao (University of St Andrews, 2015-06) - Working or discussion paper
    With growing interest in a universal basic income (BI), we provide new results for a majority to benefit from replacing (some) unemployment benefits with BI. Given any income distribution and an extensive margin, such a ...
  • Bateman’s principles and human sex roles 

    Brown, Gillian Ruth; Laland, Kevin Neville; Borgerhoff Mulder, M (2009-06) - Journal article
  • Bayesian and information-theoretic tools for neuroscience 

    Endres, Dominik M. (University of St Andrews, 2006-11-30) - Thesis
    The overarching purpose of the studies presented in this report is the exploration of the uses of information theory and Bayesian inference applied to neural codes. Two approaches were taken: Starting from first principles, ...
  • A Bayesian approach to fitting Gibbs processes with temporal random effects 

    King, Ruth; Illian, Janine Baerbel; King, Stuart Edward; Nightingale, Glenna Faith; Hendrichsen, Ditte (2012-12) - Journal article
    We consider spatial point pattern data that have been observed repeatedly over a period of time in an inhomogeneous environment. Each spatial point pattern can be regarded as a “snapshot” of the underlying point process ...
  • A Bayesian approach to modelling field data on multi-species predator prey-interactions 

    Asseburg, Christian (University of St Andrews, 2006) - Thesis
    Multi-species functional response models are required to model the predation of generalist preda- tors, which consume more than one prey species. In chapter 2, a new model for the multi-species functional response is ...
  • Bayesian bin distribution inference and mutual information 

    Endres, Dominik Maria; Foldiak, Peter (2005-11) - Journal article
    We present an exact Bayesian treatment of a simple, yet sufficiently general probability distribution model. We consider piecewise-constant distributions' P(X) with uniform (second-order) prior over location of discontinuity ...
  • Bayesian binning beats approximate alternatives: estimating peri-stimulus time histograms 

    Endres, D M; Oram, M W; Schindelin, J.E.; Foldiak, P (MIT Press, 2008) - Journal article
    The peristimulus time histogram (PSTH) and its more continuous cousin, the spike density function (SDF) are staples in the analytic toolkit of neurophysiologists. The former is usually obtained by binning spike trains, ...
  • Bayesian hierarchical modelling of continuous non-negative longitudinal data with a spike at zero : an application to a study of birds visiting gardens in winter 

    Swallow, Benjamin Thomas; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; King, Ruth; Toms, Mike (2015) - Journal article
    The development of methods for dealing with continuous data with a spike at zero has lagged behind those for overdispersed or zero-inflated count data. We consider longitudinal ecological data corresponding to an annual ...
  • Bayesian methods for hierarchical distance sampling models 

    Oedekoven, Cornelia Sabrina; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; MacKenzie, Monique Lea; King, Ruth; Evans, Kristine; Burger, Wes (2014-06-01) - Journal article
    The few distance sampling studies that use Bayesian methods typically consider only line transect sampling with a half-normal detection function. We present a Bayesian approach to analyse distance sampling data applicable ...
  • Bayesian modelling of integrated data and its application to seabird populations 

    Reynolds, Toby J. (University of St Andrews, 2010-11-30) - Thesis
    Integrated data analyses are becoming increasingly popular in studies of wild animal populations where two or more separate sources of data contain information about common parameters. Here we develop an integrated population ...
  • Bayesian point process modelling of ecological communities 

    Nightingale, Glenna Faith (University of St Andrews, 2013-06-28) - Thesis
    The modelling of biological communities is important to further the understanding of species coexistence and the mechanisms involved in maintaining biodiversity. This involves considering not only interactions between ...
  • Bayesian sequential tests of the initial size of a linear pure death process 

    Goudie, I.B.J. (2015-05) - Journal article
    We provide a recursive algorithm for determining the sampling plans of invariant Bayesian sequential tests of the initial size of a linear pure death process of unknown rate. These tests compare favourably with the ...
  • A Bayesian space-time model for discrete spread processes on a lattice 

    Long, J.A.; Nelson, T.A.; Robertson, C.; Nathoo, F.S. (2012-06-01) - Journal article
    In this article we present a Bayesian Markov model for investigating environmental spread processes. We formulate a model where the spread of a disease over a heterogeneous landscape through time is represented as a ...
  • Bayesian spatial NBDA for diffusion data with home-base coordinates 

    Nightingale, Glenna Faith; Laland, Kevin Neville; Hoppitt, William John Edward; Nightingale, Peter (2015-07-02) - Journal article
    Network-based diffusion analysis (NBDA) is a statistical method that allows the researcher to identify and quantify a social influence on the spread of behaviour through a population. Hitherto, NBDA analyses have not ...
  • A BCool magnetic snapshot survey of solar-type stars 

    Marsden, S. C.; Petit, P.; Jeffers, S. V.; Morin, J.; Fares, R.; Reiners, A.; do Nascimento, J. -D.; Auriere, M.; Bouvier, J.; Carter, B. D.; Catala, C.; Dintrans, B.; Donati, J. -F.; Gastine, T.; Jardine, M.; Konstantinova-Antova, R.; Lanoux, J.; Lignieres, F.; Morgenthaler, A.; Ramirez-Velez, J. C.; Theado, S.; Van Grootel, V.; BCool Collaboration (2014-11-11) - Journal article
    We present the results of a major high-resolution spectropolarimetric BCool project magnetic survey of 170 solar-type stars. Surface magnetic fields were detected on 67 stars, with 21 classified as mature solar-type stars, ...
  • Beaked whales 

    Madsen, Peter; Aguilar de Soto, Natacha; Tyack, Peter Lloyd; Johnson, Mark (2014-08-18) - Journal article
  • Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonar 

    Tyack, Peter L.; Zimmer, Walter M. X.; Moretti, David; Southall, Brandon L.; Claridge, Diane E.; Durban, John W.; Clark, Christopher W.; D'Amico, Angela; DiMarzio, Nancy; Jarvis, Susan; McCarthy, Elena; Morrissey, Ronald; Ward, Jessica; Boyd, Ian L. (2011-03-14) - Journal article
    Beaked whales have mass stranded during some naval sonar exercises, but the cause is unknown. They are difficult to sight but can reliably be detected by listening for echolocation clicks produced during deep foraging ...
  • Beating the Stoner criterion using molecular interfaces 

    Al Ma'Mari, F.; Moorsom, T.; Teobaldi, G.; Deacon, W.; Prokscha, T.; Luetkens, H.; Lee, Stephen Leslie; Sterbinsky, G.E.; Arena, D.A.; Maclaren, D.A.; Flokstra, Machiel Geert; Ali, M.; Wheeler, M.C.; Burnell, G.; Hickey, B.J.; Cespedes, O. (2015-08-06) - Journal article
    Only three elements are ferromagnetic at room temperature: the transition metals iron, cobalt and nickel. The Stoner criterion explains why iron is ferromagnetic but manganese, for example, is not, even though both elements ...
  • Becoming a Lean University: the case of the University of St Andrews 

    Robinson, Mark; Yorkstone, Steve (Raabe Verlag, 2014) - Book item
    This article looks at how “lean” can be successfully introduced into a higher education setting by discussing what has become known as ‘The St Andrews Model’. The article demonstrates that “lean” can be adapted to suit the ...
  • Becoming Bertha : Virtual difference and repetition in postcolonial 'writing back', a Deleuzian reading of Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea 

    Burns, Lorna Margaret (2010-03) - Journal article
    Critical responses to Wide Sargasso Sea have seized upon Rhys's novel as an exemplary model of writing back. Looking beyond the actual repetitions which recall Brontë’s text, I explore Rhys's novel as an expression of ...