Now showing items 459-478 of 8715

  • Association between socioeconomic factors and cancer risk : a population cohort study in Scotland (1991-2006) 

    Sharpe, Katharine H.; McMahon, Alex D.; Raab, Gillian M.; Brewster, David H.; Conway, David I. (2014-02-27) - Journal article
    Background: Lung and upper aero-digestive tract (UADT) cancer risk are associated with low socioeconomic circumstances and routinely measured using area socioeconomic indices. We investigated effect of country of birth, ...
  • Association of British Neurologists : revised (2015) guidelines for prescribing disease-modifying treatments in multiple sclerosis 

    Scolding, Neil; Barnes, David; Cader, Sarah; Chataway, Jeremy; Chaudhuri, Abhijit; Coles, Alasdair; Giovannoni, Gavin; Miller, David; Rashid, Waqar; Schmierer, Klaus; Shehu, Abdullah; Silber, Eli; Young, Carolyn; Zajicek, John (2015-08) - Journal article
    In June 1999, the Association of British Neurologists (ABN) first published guidelines for the use of the licensed multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying treatments (at that time β-interferon and glatiramer acetate). ...
  • Association of day length and weather conditions with physical activity levels in older community dwelling people 

    Witham, Miles D; Donnan, Peter T; Vadiveloo, Thenmalar; Sniehotta, Falko F; Crombie, Iain K; Feng, Zhiqiang; McMurdo, Marion E T (2014-01-30) - Journal article
    Background: Weather is a potentially important determinant of physical activity. Little work has been done examining the relationship between weather and physical activity, and potential modifiers of any relationship in ...
  • Associative learning in insects : evolutionary models, mushroom bodies, and a neuroscientific conundrum 

    Hollis, Karen; Guillette, Lauren (2011) - Journal article
    Environmental predictability has for many years been posited to be a key variable in whether learning is expected to evolve in particular species, a claim revisited in two recent papers. However, amongst many researchers, ...
  • The Assouad dimensions of projections of planar sets 

    Fraser, Jonathan MacDonald; Orponen, Tuomas (2016-10-14) - Journal article
    We consider the Assouad dimensions of orthogonal projections of planar sets onto lines. Our investigation covers both general and self-similar sets.For general sets, the main result is the following: if a set in the plane ...
  • Assouad type dimensions and homogeneity of fractals 

    Fraser, Jonathan M. (2014-12) - Journal article
    We investigate several aspects of the Assouad dimension and the lower dimension, which together form a natural 'dimension pair'. In particular, we compute these dimensions for certain classes of self-affine sets and ...
  • Assurance of corporate stand-alone reporting : evidence from the UK 

    Al-Hamadeen, Radhi Mousa (University of St Andrews, 2007-11-09) - Thesis
    Since the early 1990’s the number of corporate stand-alone reports produced by various organisations worldwide has increased considerably (Kolk, 2004; Owen, 2006). It is argued that introducing an assurance statement with ...
  • The Astrobiology Primer v2.0 

    Domagal-Goldman, Shawn D.; Wright, Katherine E.; Adamala, Katarzyna; De La Rubia, Leigh Arina; Bond, Jade; Dartnell, Lewis R.; Goldman, Aaron D.; Lynch, Kennda; Naud, Marie Eve; Paulino-Lima, Ivan G.; Singer, Kelsi; Walter-Antonio, Marina; Abrevaya, Ximena C.; Anderson, Rika; Arney, Giada; Atri, Dimitra; Azuá-Bustos, Armando; Bowman, Jeff S.; Brazelton, William J.; Brennecka, Gregory A.; Carns, Regina; Chopra, Aditya; Colangelo-Lillis, Jesse; Crockett, Christopher J.; De Marines, Julia; Frank, Elizabeth A.; Frantz, Carie; De La Fuente, Eduardo; Galante, Douglas; Glass, Jennifer; Gleeson, Damhnait; Glein, Christopher R.; Goldblatt, Colin; Horak, Rachel; Horodyskyj, Lev; Kaçar, Betül; Kereszturi, Akos; Knowles, Emily; Mayeur, Paul; McGlynn, Shawn; Miguel, Yamila; Montgomery, Michelle; Neish, Catherine; Noack, Lena; Rugheimer, Sarah; Stüeken, Eva E.; Tamez-Hidalgo, Paulina; Walker, Sara Imari; Wong, Teresa (2016-08-01) - Journal article
  • The astronomy of Andean myth : the history of a cosmology 

    Sullivan, William F. (University of St Andrews, 1986) - Thesis
    The paper aims to show that Andean myth, on one level, represents a technical language recording astronomical observations of precession and, at the same time, an historical record of simultaneous social and celestial ...
  • Asymmetric distribution of pl10 and bruno2, new members of a conserved core of early germline determinants in cephalochordates 

    Dailey, Simon Christopher; Planas, Roser Febrero; Espier, Adriana Rossell; Garcia-Fernandez, Jordi; Somorjai, Ildiko Maureen Lara (2016-01-22) - Journal article
    Molecular fingerprinting of conserved germline and somatic ¨stemness¨ markers in different taxa have been key in defining the mechanism of germline specification ("preformation" or "epigenesis"), as well as expression ...
  • Asymmetric dominance, deferral and status quo bias in a behavioral model of choice 

    Gerasimou, Georgios (2016-02) - Journal article
    This paper proposes and axiomatically characterizes a model of choice that builds on the criterion of partial dominance and allows for two types of avoidant behavior: *choice deferral* and *status quo bias*. These phenomena ...
  • Asymmetric hydroformylation : a powerful tool for the synthesis of pharmaceutical intermediates 

    Noonan, Gary M. (University of St Andrews, 2011-06-22) - Thesis
    The hydroformylation of unfunctionalised olefins (such as prop-1-ene and oct-1-ene) is an extremely valuable process and is practised on a massive scale industrially in the synthesis of commodity chemicals. In fact, it ...
  • Asymmetric isothiourea-catalysed formal [3+2] cycloadditions of ammonium enolates with oxaziridines 

    Smith, Siobhan Rose; Fallan, Charlene; Taylor, James Edward; McLennan, Ross Sinclair; Daniels, David Sydney Bernard; Morrill, Louis Christian; Slawin, Alexandra Martha Zoya; Smith, Andrew David (2015-07-13) - Journal article
    A highly enantioselective Lewis base-catalysed formal [3+2] cycloaddition of ammonium enolates and oxaziridines to give stereodefined oxazolidin-4-ones in high yield is described. Employing an enantioenriched oxaziridine ...
  • An asymmetric pericyclic cascade approach to 3-alkyl-3-aryloxindoles : generality, applications and mechanistic investigations 

    Richmond, Edward; Ling, Kenneth Bruce; Duguet, Nicolas Fabien Denis; Manton, Lois B.; Çelebi-Ölçüm, Nihan; Lam, Yu-hong; Alsancak, Sezen; Slawin, Alexandra Martha Zoya; Houk, K. N.; Smith, Andrew David (2015-02-14) - Journal article
    The reaction of L-serine derived N-arylnitrones with alkylarylketenes generates asymmetric 3-alkyl-3-aryloxindoles in good to excellent yields (up to 93%) and excellent enantioselectivity (up to 98% ee) via a pericyclic ...
  • An asymmetric pericyclic cascade approach to oxindoles 

    Richmond, Edward (University of St Andrews, 2014-06) - Thesis
    The research in this thesis describes an asymmetric pericyclic cascade approach to the synthesis of a range of enantioenriched oxindoles using enantiopure oxazolidine derived nitrones and disubstituted ketenes. Chapter 1 ...
  • Asymmetric synthesis of tri- and tetrasubstituted trifluoromethyl dihydropyranones from alpha-aroyloxyaldehydes via NHC redox catalysis 

    Davies, Alyn T.; Pickett, Philip M.; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Smith, Andrew D. (2014-08) - Journal article
    The asymmetric synthesis of tri- and tetrasubstituted trifluoromethyl dihydropyranones via an NHC-catalyzed redox process, introducing methyl, benzyl, and aryl substituents to the C(5) position, is presented. Their ...
  • At home in national parks : a study of power, knowledge and discourse in Banff National Park and Cairngorms National Park 

    Rettie, Kathleen (University of St Andrews, 2006) - Thesis
    National Parks bear greater implications than simply preserving or conserving pockets of landscape. They evoke values of conservation versus development, livelihood economics, environmental stewardship and personal ...
  • At the borders of arthood : a methodology for the definition of art 

    Dos Santos, Miguel F. (University of St Andrews, 2013-11-30) - Thesis
    The first-order debate about the definition of art focuses on the ‘What is art?’ question and those who engage in it answer the question by putting forward definitions (or at least characterizations) of art. The second-order ...
  • At the boundary of place : rethinking the provenance of early Christian architecture 

    Beesley, Mark B. (University of St Andrews, 2010-11-30) - Thesis
    Archaeologists and historians have sought to understand the architecture of the early church using methods common to their respective fields of inquiry. This has included an approach to architecture which classifies buildings ...
  • At the centre: a box full of encounters 

    Aucock, Janet; Proven, Jackie (University of St Andrews, 2012-07-10) - Conference poster
    OR2012 in Scotland coincides with the celebrations for the 600th anniversary of the founding of the University of St Andrews. We describe the shared and collaborative repository infrastructure and services which are being ...