Now showing items 459-478 of 9108

  • Assessment of health in human faces is context-dependent 

    Morgan, Kate V.; Morton, Andrew; Whitehead, Ross D.; Perrett, David I.; Hurly, T. Andrew; Healy, Susan D. (2016-04) - Journal article
    When making decisions between options, humans are expected to choose the option that returns the highest benefit. In practice, however, adding inferior alternatives to the choice set can alter these decisions. Here we ...
  • An assessment of institutional-learning by the EU in state-building in Afghanistan 

    Careless, S. Alison (University of St Andrews, 2013-06-25) - Thesis
    This thesis assesses institutional-learning by the European Union (EU) in Afghanistan. The assessment is carried out by delineating the developments and changes in relevant EU policies through the years 1993-2010 using ...
  • Assessment of interpersonal risk (AIR) in adults with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour – piloting a new risk assessment tool 

    Campbell, Martin; McCue, Michael (2012) - Journal article
    A new risk assessment tool, Assessment of Interpersonal Risk (AIR), was piloted and evaluated to measure risk factors and compatibility between individuals living in an assessment and treatment unit in one NHS area. The ...
  • Assessment of progress against the headline indicators 

    Levett-Therivel Sustainability Consultants (Sustainable Development Commission, 2004-02-05) - Report
    The Sustainable Development Commission commissioned Levett-Therivel to produce an independent analysis of the UK’s progress against the 15 ‘headline’ indicators of sustainable development adopted in 1999.
  • Assessment of pulse transit time to indicate cardiovascular changes during obstetric spinal anaesthesia 

    Sharwood-Smith, Geoffrey H.; Bruce, J.; Drummond, G. (Oxford University Press, 2006-01) - Journal article
    Background. Pulse transit time (PTT) measurement may provide rapidly available beat-to-beat cardiovascular information when conditions change quickly and routine invasive arterial pressure measurement is not justified, for ...
  • An assessment of the population of cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) and their habitat in Colombia 

    Savage, Anne; Thomas, Len; Feilen, Katie L.; Kidney, Darren; Soto, Luis H.; Pearson, Mackenzie; Medina, Felix S.; Emeris, German; Guillen, Rosamira R. (2016-12-28) - Journal article
    Numerous animals have declining populations due to habitat loss, illegal wildlife trade, and climate change. The cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) is a Critically Endangered primate species, endemic to northwest Colombia, ...
  • Assessment of the sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay as an early sputum biomarker of response to tuberculosis treatment 

    Friedrich, Sven Olaf; Rachow, Andrea; Saathoff, Elmar; Singh, Kasha; Mangu, Chacha D; Dawson, Rodney; Phillips, Patrick; Venter, Amour; Bateson, Anna; Boehme, Catharina C; Heinrich, Norbert; Hunt, Robert; Boeree, Martin J; Zumla, Alimudden; McHugh, Timothy D; Gillespie, Stephen Henry; Diacon, Andreas; Hoelscher, Michael (2013) - Journal article
    Background An accurate biomarker for monitoring response to treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis is urgently needed. The Xpert® MTB/RIF assay is a commercially available real-time PCR that detects Mycobacterium tuberculos ...
  • Association between common variation at the FTO locus and changes in Body Mass Index from infancy to late childhood : the complex nature of genetic association through growth and development 

    Sovio, Ulla; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Warrington, Nicole M.; Lawrence, Robert; Briollais, Laurent; Palmer, Colin N.A.; Cecil, Joanne Elizabeth; Sandling, Johanna; Syvänen, Ann-Christine; Kaakinen, Marika; Beilin, Lawrie; Millwood, Iona; Bennett, Amanda; Laitinen, Jaana; Pouta, Anneli; Molitor, John; Davey Smith, George; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Jaddoe, Vincent; Palmer, Lyle; Pennell, Craig; Cole, Tim; McCarthy, Mark; Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Timpson, Nicholas (2011) - Journal article
    An age-dependent association between variation at the FTO locus and BMI in children has been suggested. We metaanalyzed associations between the FTO locus (rs9939609) and BMI in samples, aged from early infancy to 13 years, ...
  • Association between Old Firm football matches and reported domestic (violence) incidents in Strathclyde, Scotland 

    Williams, Damien John; Neville, Fergus Gilmour; House, Kirsty; Donnelly, Peter Duncan (2013) - Journal article
    Media reports have suggested that the number of reports of domestic violence may increase when Scotland's two largest, Glasgow-based football (soccer) clubs, Rangers and Celtic (traditionally referred to as the “Old Firm”) ...
  • Association between socioeconomic factors and cancer risk : a population cohort study in Scotland (1991-2006) 

    Sharpe, Katharine H.; McMahon, Alex D.; Raab, Gillian M.; Brewster, David H.; Conway, David I. (2014-02-27) - Journal article
    Background: Lung and upper aero-digestive tract (UADT) cancer risk are associated with low socioeconomic circumstances and routinely measured using area socioeconomic indices. We investigated effect of country of birth, ...
  • Association of British Neurologists : revised (2015) guidelines for prescribing disease-modifying treatments in multiple sclerosis 

    Scolding, Neil; Barnes, David; Cader, Sarah; Chataway, Jeremy; Chaudhuri, Abhijit; Coles, Alasdair; Giovannoni, Gavin; Miller, David; Rashid, Waqar; Schmierer, Klaus; Shehu, Abdullah; Silber, Eli; Young, Carolyn; Zajicek, John (2015-08) - Journal article
    In June 1999, the Association of British Neurologists (ABN) first published guidelines for the use of the licensed multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying treatments (at that time β-interferon and glatiramer acetate). ...
  • Association of day length and weather conditions with physical activity levels in older community dwelling people 

    Witham, Miles D; Donnan, Peter T; Vadiveloo, Thenmalar; Sniehotta, Falko F; Crombie, Iain K; Feng, Zhiqiang; McMurdo, Marion E T (2014-01-30) - Journal article
    Background: Weather is a potentially important determinant of physical activity. Little work has been done examining the relationship between weather and physical activity, and potential modifiers of any relationship in ...
  • Associative learning in insects : evolutionary models, mushroom bodies, and a neuroscientific conundrum 

    Hollis, Karen; Guillette, Lauren (2011) - Journal article
    Environmental predictability has for many years been posited to be a key variable in whether learning is expected to evolve in particular species, a claim revisited in two recent papers. However, amongst many researchers, ...
  • Associative learning with Y-shaped floating gate transistors operated in memristive modes 

    Maier, P.; Hartmann, F.; Emmerling, M.; Schneider, C.; Kamp, M.; Worschech, L.; Höfling, S. (2017-02-03) - Journal article
    We present Y-shaped three-terminal floating gate transistors with positioned quantum dots (QDs) acting as floating gates. The QDs are precisely positioned in the input terminals and the localized charge controls the ...
  • The Assouad dimension of self-affine carpets with no grid structure 

    Fraser, Jonathan MacDonald; Jordan, Thomas (2016-12-21) - Journal article
    Previous study of the Assouad dimension of planar self-affine sets has relied heavily on the underlying IFS having a `grid structure', thus allowing for the use of approximate squares. We study the Assouad dimension of a ...
  • The Assouad dimensions of projections of planar sets 

    Fraser, Jonathan M.; Orponen, Tuomas (2017-02) - Journal article
    We consider the Assouad dimensions of orthogonal projections of planar sets onto lines. Our investigation covers both general and self-similar sets. For general sets, the main result is the following: if a set in the plane ...
  • Assouad type dimensions and homogeneity of fractals 

    Fraser, Jonathan M. (2014-12) - Journal article
    We investigate several aspects of the Assouad dimension and the lower dimension, which together form a natural 'dimension pair'. In particular, we compute these dimensions for certain classes of self-affine sets and ...
  • Assurance of corporate stand-alone reporting : evidence from the UK 

    Al-Hamadeen, Radhi Mousa (University of St Andrews, 2007-11-09) - Thesis
    Since the early 1990’s the number of corporate stand-alone reports produced by various organisations worldwide has increased considerably (Kolk, 2004; Owen, 2006). It is argued that introducing an assurance statement with ...
  • The Astrobiology Primer v2.0 

    Domagal-Goldman, Shawn D.; Wright, Katherine E.; Adamala, Katarzyna; De La Rubia, Leigh Arina; Bond, Jade; Dartnell, Lewis R.; Goldman, Aaron D.; Lynch, Kennda; Naud, Marie Eve; Paulino-Lima, Ivan G.; Singer, Kelsi; Walter-Antonio, Marina; Abrevaya, Ximena C.; Anderson, Rika; Arney, Giada; Atri, Dimitra; Azuá-Bustos, Armando; Bowman, Jeff S.; Brazelton, William J.; Brennecka, Gregory A.; Carns, Regina; Chopra, Aditya; Colangelo-Lillis, Jesse; Crockett, Christopher J.; De Marines, Julia; Frank, Elizabeth A.; Frantz, Carie; De La Fuente, Eduardo; Galante, Douglas; Glass, Jennifer; Gleeson, Damhnait; Glein, Christopher R.; Goldblatt, Colin; Horak, Rachel; Horodyskyj, Lev; Kaçar, Betül; Kereszturi, Akos; Knowles, Emily; Mayeur, Paul; McGlynn, Shawn; Miguel, Yamila; Montgomery, Michelle; Neish, Catherine; Noack, Lena; Rugheimer, Sarah; Stüeken, Eva E.; Tamez-Hidalgo, Paulina; Walker, Sara Imari; Wong, Teresa (2016-08-01) - Journal article
  • The astronomy of Andean myth : the history of a cosmology 

    Sullivan, William F. (University of St Andrews, 1986) - Thesis
    The paper aims to show that Andean myth, on one level, represents a technical language recording astronomical observations of precession and, at the same time, an historical record of simultaneous social and celestial ...