Now showing items 428-447 of 11911

  • Applications of isothioureas in organocatalysis : kinetic resolution of secondary alcohols and intramolecular Michael addition-lactonisation 

    Belmessieri, Dorine (University of St Andrews, 2013) - Thesis
    Obtaining enantiomerically pure compounds is of major importance in modern organic chemistry, and this PhD thesis outlines new advances made in this area. Two new enantioselective synthetic methodologies have been designed ...
  • Applications of Lie methods to computations with polycyclic groups 

    Assmann, Björn (University of St Andrews, 2007-11-30) - Thesis
    In this thesis we demonstrate the algorithmic usefulness of the so-called Mal'cev correspondence for computations with infinite polycyclic groups. This correspondence between Q-powered nilpotent groups and rational ...
  • Applications of microfluidic chips in optical manipulation & photoporation 

    Marchington, Robert F. (University of St Andrews, 2010-10-01) - Thesis
    Integration and miniaturisation in electronics has undoubtedly revolutionised the modern world. In biotechnology, emerging lab-on-a-chip (LOC) methodologies promise all-integrated laboratory processes, to perform complete ...
  • Applications of microfluidics and optical manipulation for photoporation and imaging 

    Rendall, Helen A. (University of St Andrews, 2015-06-24) - Thesis
    Optical manipulation covers a wide range of techniques to guide and trap cells using only the forces exerted by light. Another optical tool is photoporation, the technique of injecting membrane-impermeable molecules using ...
  • Applications of multinuclear solid-state NMR spectroscopy to the characterisation of industrial catalysts 

    Rankin, Andrew Gordon McLaughlin (University of St Andrews, 2018-06-27) - Thesis
    This thesis describes applications of advanced multinuclear solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments to the characterisation of industrially-relevant catalyst materials. Experiments on γ-Al₂O₃ introduce ...
  • Applications of NHCs and isothioureas as Lewis base organocatalysts 

    Leckie, Stuart M. (University of St Andrews, 2013) - Thesis
    This thesis details investigations into two modes of organocatalytic enolate generation and reactivity. The first is the addition of chiral NHCs to a ketene to form an azolium enolate. Investigations into three different ...
  • Applications of ordered mesoporous metal oxides : energy storage, adsorption, and catalysis 

    Ren, Yu (University of St Andrews, 2010-11-30) - Thesis
    The experimental data and results demonstrated here illustrate the preparation and application of mesoporous metal oxides in energy storage, adsorption, and catalysis. First, a new method of controlling the pore size and ...
  • Applications of real number theorem proving in PVS 

    Gottliebsen, Hanne; Hardy, Ruth; Lightfoot, Olga; Martin, Ursula (2013-11) - Journal article
    Real number theorem proving has many uses, particularly for verification of safety critical systems and systems for which design errors may be costly. We discuss a chain of developments building on real number theorem ...
  • Applications of statistics in flood frequency analysis 

    Ahmad, Muhammad Idrees (University of St Andrews, 1989) - Thesis
    Estimation of the probability of occurrence of future flood events at one or more locations across a river system is frequently required for the design of bridges, culverts, spillways, dams and other engineering works. ...
  • Applications of X-ray crystallography: studies into the structural perturbations of peri-substituted naphthalene derivatives 

    Fuller, Amy L. (University of St Andrews, 2010-06) - Thesis
    The majority of research in this thesis uses X-ray crystallography to investigate the structural features of peri-substituted naphthalene compounds. X-ray crystallography is introduced in chapter one, followed by a discussion ...
  • Applying behavioural science to issues of public health : the case for social norms intervention 

    Ganz, Gary; Neville, Fergus G.; Ward, Catherine L. (2017-05-30) - Journal article
    In the effort to address behavioural risk factors – which contribute significantly to the global burden of disease – there is a growing movement in public health towards the use of interventions informed by behavioural ...
  • Applying constraint solving to the management of distributed applications 

    McCarthy, Andrew; Dearle, Alan; Kirby, Graham (University of St Andrews, 2008) - Report
    We present our approach for deploying and managing distributed component-based applications. A Desired State Description (DSD), written in a high-level declarative language, specifies requirements for a distributed ...
  • Applying contextual integrity to the study of social network sites 

    Hutton, Luke (University of St Andrews, 2015-11-30) - Thesis
    Social network sites (SNSs) have become very popular, with more than 1.39 billion people using Facebook alone. The ability to share large amounts of personal information with these services, such as location traces, ...
  • Applying evolutionary theory to human behaviour: past differences and current debates 

    Brown, Gillian Ruth; Richerson, Peter (2014-07) - Journal article
    Interpretation biases, in which ambiguous information is interpreted negatively, have been hypothesized to place adolescent females at greater risk of developing anxiety and mood disorders than same-aged males. We tested ...
  • Applying the Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences (VR-CoDES) in the dental context involving patients with complex communication needs : an exploratory study 

    Zhou, Yuefang; Black, Rolf; Freeman, Ruth; Herron, Daniel; Humphris, Gerald Michael; Menzies, Rachel; Quinn, Sandra; Scott, Lesley; Waller, Annalu (2014-11) - Journal article
    Objective The VR-CoDES has been previously applied in the dental context. However, we know little about how dental patients with intellectual disabilities (ID) and complex communication needs express their emotional distress ...
  • Appraising the relevance of DNA copy number loss and gain in prostate cancer using whole genome DNA sequence data 

    Camacho, Niedzica; Van Loo, Peter; Edwards, Sandra; Kay, Jonathan D.; Matthews, Lucy; Haase, Kerstin; Clark, Jeremy; Dennis, Nening; Thomas, Sarah; Kremeyer, Barbara; Zamora, Jorge; Butler, Adam P.; Gundem, Gunes; Merson, Sue; Luxton, Hayley; Hawkins, Steve; Ghori, Mohammed; Marsden, Luke; Lambert, Adam; Karaszi, Katalin; Pelvender, Gill; Massie, Charlie E.; Kote-Jarai, ZSofia; Raine, Keiran; Jones, David; Howat, William J.; Hazell, Steven; Livni, Naomi; Fisher, Cyril; Ogden, Christopher; Kumar, Pardeep; Thompson, Alan; Nicol, David; Mayer, Erik; Dudderidge, Tim; Yu, Yongwei; Zhang, Hongwei; Shah, Nimish C.; Gnanapragasam, Vincent J.; Group, The CRUK-ICGC Prostate; Isaacs, William; Visakorpi, Tapio; Hamdy, Freddie; Berney, Dan; Verrill, Clare; Warren, Anne Y.; Wedge, David C.; Lynch, Andrew G.; Foster, Christopher S.; Lu, Yong Jie; Bova, G. Steven; Whitaker, Hayley C.; McDermott, Ultan; Neal, David E.; Eeles, Rosalind; Cooper, Colin S.; Brewer, Daniel S. (2017-09-25) - Journal article
    A variety of models have been proposed to explain regions of recurrent somatic copy number alteration (SCNA) in human cancer. Our study employs Whole Genome DNA Sequence (WGS) data from tumor samples (n = 103) to comprehensively ...
  • An approach to ad hoc cloud computing 

    Kirby, Graham; Dearle, Alan; Macdonald, Angus; Fernandes, Alvaro (University of St Andrews, 2010-02-25) - Report
    We consider how underused computing resources within an enterprise may be harnessed to improve utilization and create an elastic computing infrastructure. Most current cloud provision involves a data center model, in which ...
  • An approach to compliance in software architectures 

    Morrison, Ronald; Balasubramaniam, Dharini; Greenwood, RM; Kirby, Graham Njal Cameron; Mayes, K; Munro, DS; Warboys, B (2000-08) - Journal article
    Software architectures are designed to meet the needs of the applications that use them. With conventional architectures this is done by predicting the average needs of the majority of the applications they support. In ...
  • An approach to situation recognition based on learned semantic models 

    Stevenson, Graeme (University of St Andrews, 2015-06-24) - Thesis
    A key enabler of pervasive computing is the ability to drive service delivery through the analysis of situations: Semantically meaningful classifications of system state, identified through analysing the readings from ...
  • Approaches to the synthesis of fluoromuscimol and applications of the enantiomers of [7-²H₁]-benzyl fluoride as chiral probes for enzyme reactions 

    Wadoux, Rudy (University of St Andrews, 2014-06-25) - Thesis
    This thesis explores the synthesis and use of biologically active fluorinated organic compounds. Muscimol is the neuroactive species of the psychoactive mushroom Amanita muscaria. It binds at the same site as GABA on ...