Now showing items 2267-2286 of 8372

  • Enantioselective synthesis of 3,5,6-substituted dihydropyranones and dihydropyridinones using isothiourea-mediated catalysis 

    Stark, Daniel Graham; Morrill, Louis Christian; Cordes, David Bradford; Slawin, Alexandra Martha Zoya; O'Riordan, Timothy J.C.; Smith, Andrew David (2016-02-04) - Journal article
    The scope of dihydropyranone and dihydropyridinone products accessible by isothiourea-catalysed processes has been expanded and explored through the use of 2-N-tosyliminoacrylates and 2-aroylacrylates in a Michael ...
  • Encoding and estimation of first- and second-order binocular disparity in natural images 

    Hibbard, Paul B.; Goutcher, Ross; Hunter, David W. (2016-03) - Journal article
    The first stage of processing of binocular information in the visual cortex is performed by mechanisms that are bandpass-tuned for spatial frequency and orientation. Psychophysical and physiological evidence have also ...
  • Encoding complex valued fields using intensity 

    De Tommasi, Edoardo; Lavanga, Luigi; Watson, Stuart; Mazilu, Michael (2016-10-03) - Journal article
    We present an approach enabling the representation of complex values using intensity only fields.  The method can be used for imaging with structured illumination and allows the study of new propagating physical quantities ...
  • The encoding of individual identity in dolphin signature whistles : how much information is needed? 

    Kershenbaum, Arik; Sayigh, Laela; Janik, Vincent M. (2013-10-23) - Journal article
    Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) produce many vocalisations, including whistles that are unique to the individual producing them. Such “signature whistles” play a role in individual recognition and maintaining group ...
  • The end of the Right to Buy and the future of social housing in Scotland 

    McKee, Kim (2010-06-01) - Journal article
    Thirty-years after the introduction of the Right to Buy - the most successful example of housing privatisation policy in the UK - the current Housing (Scotland) Bill proposes to end the scheme for both new social housing ...
  • Endocrine control of reproduction of the powan of Loch Lomond, 'Coregonus lavaretus (L.)' (Teleostei): with special reference to the pituitary gonadotrophin-gonadal steroid axis 

    Yekrangian, Seyyed Abdolrahim (University of St Andrews, 1984) - Thesis
    In order to provide an accurate basis for the correlation of endocrine changes and phases of the reproductive (and associated) cycles in the powan of Loch Lomond, 'Coregonus- lavaretus (L.), the following experiments ...
  • Endogenous infrastructure development and spatial takeoff 

    Trew, Alex William (University of St Andrews, 2016-01-12) - Working or discussion paper
    Infrastructure development can affect the spatial distribution of economic activity and, by consequence, aggregate structural transformation and growth. The growth of trade and specialization of regions, in turn, affects ...
  • Endogenous Price Flexibility and Optimal Monetary Policy 

    Sutherland, Alan; Senay, Ozge (Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis, 2010) - Working or discussion paper
    Much of the literature on optimal monetary policy uses models in which the degree of nominal price flexibility is exogenous. There are, however, good reasons to suppose that the degree of price flexibility adjusts endogenously ...
  • Endogenous price flexibility and optimal monetary policy 

    Senay, Ozge; Sutherland, Alan (2014) - Journal article
    Much of the literature on optimal monetary policy uses models in which the degree of nominal price flexibility is exogenous. There are, however, good reasons to suppose that the degree of price flexibility adjusts endogenously ...
  • Endogenous price flexibility and optimal monetary policy 

    Senay, Ozge; Sutherland, Alan (2010-11) - Working or discussion paper
    Much of the literature on optimal monetary policy uses models in which the degree of nominal price flexibility is exogenous. There are, however, good reasons to suppose that the degree of price flexibility adjusts endogenously ...
  • Endomorphisms of Fraïssé limits and automorphism groups of algebraically closed relational structures 

    McPhee, Jillian Dawn (University of St Andrews, 2012-11-30) - Thesis
    Let Ω be the Fraïssé limit of a class of relational structures. We seek to answer the following semigroup theoretic question about Ω. What are the group H-classes, i.e. the maximal subgroups, of End(Ω)? Fraïssé limits for ...
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum Degradation–Enhancing α-Mannosidase–like Protein 1 targets misfolded HLA–B27 dimers for Endoplasmic Reticulum–Associated Degradation 

    Guiliano, David B; Fussell, Helen; Lenart, Izabela; Tsao, Edward; Nesbeth, Darren; Fletcher, Adam J; Campbell, Elaine C; Yousaf, Nasim; Williams, Sarah; Santos, Susana; Cameron, Amy; Towers, Greg J; Kellam, Paul; Hebert, Daniel N; Gould, Keith; Powis, Simon J; Antoniou, Antony N (2014-11) - Journal article
    Objective. HLA-B27 forms misfolded heavy chain dimers, which may predispose individuals to inflammatory arthritis by inducing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR). We wanted to define ...
  • The Ends and Futures of Bede's 'De temporum ratione' 

    Palmer, James Trevor (Ashgate, 2014-11) - Book item
  • Ends of semigroups 

    Craik, Simon (University of St Andrews, 2013) - Thesis
    The aim of this thesis is to understand the algebraic structure of a semigroup by studying the geometric properties of its Cayley graph. We define the notion of the partial order of ends of the Cayley graph of a semigroup. ...
  • Ends of semigroups 

    Craik, S.; Gray, R.; Kilibarda, V.; Mitchell, J. D.; Ruskuc, N. (2016-07-27) - Journal article
    We define the notion of the partial order of ends of the Cayley graph of a semigroup. We prove that the structure of the ends of a semigroup is invariant under change of finite generating set and at the same time is inherited ...
  • Enduring legacy of a toxic fan via episodic redistribution of California gold mining debris 

    Singer, Michael Bliss; Aalto, Rolf; James, L. Allan; Kilham, Nina E.; Higson, John Lee; Ghoshal, Subhajit (2013) - Journal article
    The interrelationships between hydrologically driven evolution of legacy landscapes downstream of major mining districts and the contamination of lowland ecosystems are poorly understood over centennial time scales. Here, ...
  • Enduring voice recognition in bonobos 

    Keenan, Sumir; Mathevon, Nicolas; Stevens, Jeroen M. G.; Guéry, Jean Pascal; Zuberbühler, Klaus; Levréro, Florence (2016-02-25) - Journal article
    Long-term social recognition is vital for species with complex social networks, where familiar individuals can encounter one another after long periods of separation. For non-human primates who live in dense forest ...
  • Enemy within the gates : reasons for the invasive success of a guppy population (Poecilia reticulata) in Trinidad 

    Sievers, Caya (University of St Andrews, 2010) - Thesis
    The invasion of individuals into new habitats can pose a major threat to native species and to biodiversity itself. However, the consequences of invasions for native populations that are not fully reproductively isolated ...
  • An energy aware protocol for cyclic monitoring wireless sensor networks 

    Khemapech, Ittipong; Miller, Alan Henry David; Duncan, Ishbel Mary Macdonald (IEEE, 2013) - Conference item
    The Power & Reliability Aware Protocol (PoRAP) has been developed to provide efficient communication by means of energy conservation without sacrificing reliability. This has been achieved using direct communication, ...
  • Energy band diagram of device-grade silicon nanocrystals 

    Macias-Montero, M; Askari, S; Mitra, S; Rocks, C; Ni, Chengsheng; Svrcek, V; Connor, Paul Alexander; Maguire, P; Irvine, John Thomas Sirr; Mariotti, D (2016-03-17) - Journal article
    Device grade silicon nanocrystals (NCs) are synthesized using an atmospheric-pressure plasma technique. The Si NCs have a small and well defined size of about 2.3 nm. The synthesis system allows for the direct creation of ...